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TNO Work and Employment Peter Smulders OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe – Part 1.

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Presentation on theme: "TNO Work and Employment Peter Smulders OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe – Part 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 TNO Work and Employment Peter Smulders OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe – Part 1

2 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe2 Part 1 The objective of project and the methodology The why and the what of the project An overview of the 23 systems The Questionnaire used for the Inventory Results: Aims of the systems Work & health indicators included Employee & company indicators included Methodologies used per system Group 1 systems: Surveys Group 2 systems: Registers

3 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe3 The objective of the project 1. The production of an Inventory and an assessment of 20 currently used OSH Monitoring systems in the European member states 2. The organisation of a workshop wherein possible options for a European OSH Monitoring system will be discussed

4 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe4 Thus, why this project? To stimulate the discussion on the future of OSH Monitoring at the European level Advice and comments from The European Agencys OSH Monitoring Expert Group The National Focal Points

5 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe5 What systems to assess? Not necessarily the best 20 systems in Europe but a large variety of systems Typology of system I. Worker Surveys II. Exposure databases III. Registers of accidents and diseases IV. Registers of absenteeism V. Policy directed (and multi-source) systems VI. OSH-management / Labour Inspectorate systems

6 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe6 I - Worker Surveys 1. FranceWorking Conditions Survey 2. FranceMedical Survey of Profes. Risks (SUMER) 3. SpainNational Working Conditions Survey 4. SwedenThe Work Environment Statistics/Survey II - Exposure database 5. GermanyWorkplace Exposure Measurement system

7 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe7 III-IV - Registers of accidents, diseases, absenteeism, etc. 6. FranceOccupational Accidents Network 7. ItalyWork, accidents, diseases, absenteeism, work disability and inspections system 8. SpainOccup. Accidents and Diseases Statistics 9. SwedenWork Injury Information System 10. UKSelf Reported Work Related Illness Survey (SWI) & Occupational Disease Intelligence Network (ODIN) 11. UKReporting of Injuries, Diseases and dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) and Labour Force Survey (LFS) 12. FinlandOccupation and Cancer Register 13. DenmarkOccupational Hospitalisation Register 14. FinlandSickness allowance Register

8 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe8 V - Policy directed (and multi-source) systems 15. DenmarkStudy of preventive activities in companies 16. Netherl.Yearly OSH Balance Report 17. GermanyYearly Status Report on Health and Safety at Work 18. UKThe Costs to Britain of Workplace accidents and work-related ill health

9 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe9 VI - OSH-management / Labour Inspectorate systems 19. BelgiumSafety Index of Companies 20. IrelandPromotion and Campaign Activities of the Health & Safety Authority 21. IrelandSystem for Accidents and Field Enforcement of HSA 22. NetherlandsYearly Inspection/OSH Monitor (Arbomonitor) 23. NorwayRegister for enterprises and working accidents

10 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe10 Results: 10 aims of the systems 1. set priorities of activities 2. evaluate the effect of actions 3. calculate costs and benefits of OSH 4. develop knowledge on OSH 5. support prevention or develop preventive policies 6. make benchmarking possible 7. provide basis for discussions with social partners 8. provide basis for actions of occup. physicians 9. present the yearly development of OSH 10. report to European institutions

11 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe11 Work and health indicators included

12 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe12 Summary: Work & health indicators Work indicators 9 systems include 16 or more work environment indicators 5 systems do not include work environment indicators Health indicators 5 systems include 9 or more health indicators 3 systems are not focused on health 5 systems are focused on one specific health indicator (hospitalisation, absenteeism, costs, safety, fullfilment of legal OSH-requirements)

13 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe13 Employee & company indicators

14 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe14 Employee indicators summarized 1.14 systems include at least four employee indicators systems include 2 or 3 employee indicators 3. 5 systems are non-employee oriented systems: Denmark–Prevention in Companies Belgium–Safety index of companies Ireland–Promotions & Campaigns Ireland–Accidents & Enforcements Netherlands–Inspection Monitor

15 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe15 Number of data sources used

16 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe16 Mean number of data sources used per group of systems

17 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe17 Types of sources used Surveys by 14 systems Social security registersby 9 systems Workplace observations in companies by 8 systems Census data by 5 systems Other data by 7 systems In total 43 sources used by 23 systems -> almost two data sources per system

18 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe18 The 23 systems classified into 3 groups 1. Work and health surveys (sample data) 2. Registers of accidents, diseases, absenteeism (population-wide and sample data) 3. Workplace observations by Inspectorates (often related to accidents, substances, safety; from companies)

19 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe19 Group 1 systems: Working conditions & health Surveys 01 France–Working Conditions Survey 02 France–Risks Survey SUMER 03 Spain–Working Conditions Survey 04 Sweden–Working Conditions Survey 12 Finland–Occupation & Cancer 17 Germany–OSH Status report

20 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe20 Main characteristics of Survey systems content all work characteristics accidents, ill-health employee as well as company characteristics methodology only questionnaires, sample data no underreporting use of data: not used for cost-benefit analysis seldom used for the evaluation of policies, actions or campaigns

21 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe21 Group 2 systems: Registers of accidents, diseases, absenteeism 06 France–Accidents 07 Italy–Accidents 08 Spain–Accidents 10 UK–lllnesses & Diseases 11 UK–Injuries & Diseases 13 Denmark–Hospitalisation 14 Finland–Absenteeism 18 UK–Accidents Costs 23 Norway–Accidents & Inspections

22 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe22 Main characteristics of Register systems content work activity, working hours, and employment status accidents, ill-health, absenteeism, work disability costs of occupational accidents and diseases employee as well as company characteristics methodology multi-source (registers, observations, and surveys) population data; some underreporting use of data used for cost-benefit analysis not much used for evaluation of policies, actions or campaigns

23 Sept-Oct 2002OSH Monitoring Systems in Europe23 The headlines a large diversity in systems aims available a large diversity in work & health indicators: from 1 to 37 indicators 5 systems do not include work indicators 14 systems include 4 or more employee indicators 5 systems are pure company-oriented systems surveys use 1 source, registers 2 sources, and policy- directed and OSH-management systems 2,5 sources statistically the best summary: 3 types of systems available: surveys, social security registers, workplace observations by inspectorates


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