Presentation on theme: "its financial instruments"— Presentation transcript:
1its financial instruments December 2004ENCohesion Policy andits financial instruments
2EU Structural policy 2000-06 following enlargement 40% to 49,9% December 2004ENEU Structural policyfollowing enlargement40% to 49,9%of EU population(155→224 Mio.) in eligible areas (Obj. 1&2)213 to 233 bn. Eurofor Structural funds by 2006 (one third of the EU budget)400 to 480Structural Funds’ programmes211 to 264NUTS 2-Regions
3History Integration of the Structural funds 1989 1993 December 2004ENHistoryIntegration of the Structural funds5 common objectivesStandardised administration rulesDecentralised managementRaising of the Structural funds' budget to 14 bn ECU p.a.(ca. 20% of EU-Budget)Introduction of a new Objective 4Simplification of proceduresNew cohesion and fisheries instrumentsRaising of the Structural funds' budget to 32 bn ECU p.a. (ca. 30% of EU budget)19941999198919931960: The European Social Fund (ESF) enters into force1974: Start of European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)1957198820002006Concentration of regions covered and financial resourcesPhasing-out for some Objective 1,2 and 5b regions3 common objectivesIntroduction of pre-accession instruments for candidates countries (ISPA)
4Regional GDP per head in 2001 December 2004ENRegional GDP per head in 2001for EU27 in purchasing power parities< 50>= 125No dataIndex EU 25 = 100Source: Eurostat
5Funds Region EU Cohesion policy and funds linked Community policies: December 2004ENEU Cohesion policy and fundsFundsERDFESFEAGGFFIFGCohesionFundRegional developmentlinked Community policies:State AidSustainable developmentEqual opportunitiesRTDSME promotionInformation societyEmployment andsocial integrationEU cohesion policyRural developmentRegionanalysis, multi-annual programming,management, co-financing,evaluationOther EU policies and concepts: Lisbon/Gothenburg strategy, enlargement,budget, institutional Reform,Global influences: general economic development, foreign investment, national policies
6Legal framework TEC December 2004 EN Council by unanimity, assent of EP, commentsby ECS/CoRERDF, ESF: CodecisionEAGGF, FIFG, CohesionFund,General Regulation(EC) 1260/1999on Structural FundsERDF RegulationESF RegulationEAGGF RegulationFIFG RegulationCohesion Fund RegulationCommission‘s Regulations:EAGGF/SAPARD RegulationsRegulation on Information/PublicityEligible expenditureFinancial controlFinancial correctionsTECArt. 161Art. 162Art. 148Art. 37Commission‘s Decisions:Decisons (Objective 1 and 2 regions)Communications (Community initiatives)Decisions on single programmes
8The Structural Funds and Instruments 2000-2006 (1) December 2004ENThe Structural Funds and Instruments (1)ERDFESFEAGGF-GFIFGEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFundSocialAgricultureGuidance andGuarantee Fund-Guidance SectionFinancialInstrumentof FisheriesGuidanceInfrastructureInvestmentsRTDSME...VocationalTrainingEmploymentSubsidiesof rural areasInvestmentin tourismof FishingAreasModernisingFisheries'IndustriesCohesion Fundfor MemberStates with aGDP below 90%environmentaland trans-port (TEN)infrastructure(project selection)
9sustainable development December 2004ENThe Structural Funds and Instruments (2)Community InitiativesINTERREG IIIURBAN IIEQUALLeader+cross-border,transnationaland inter-regionalco-operationdevelopment ofdeprived urbanareastransnationalnetworkingand exchangestrategies forsustainablerural develop-mentERDFInfrastructuresustainable developmentplanningstudiescultureRTDSME...ERDFInfrastructurepublic transportemploymentsocial inclusioncultureinformationSME...ESFinnovativeemploymentactions inEU networksEAGGF-Glocal actiongroups
10December 2004ENEU Structural FundsAmounts available in billions of Euro; for new Member States:Objective 1Objective 2Objective 3Community InitiativesCohesion FundObjective 1Objective 2Objective 3Community InitiativesCohesion Fund60AT BE CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE GR HU IR IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT SK SL SP SW UK5040302010
12Narva, Estonia: ISPA finances better environment December 2004ENNarva, Estonia: ISPA finances better environmentSeveral environmental projects in Estonia focus on waste water treatment.These projects include the improvement of the facilities in Narva City and Viljandi.
13Bremen, Germany: new enterprises in old buildings December 2004ENBremen, Germany: new enterprises in old buildingsThe “Lichthaus” is a former workers’ council building, belonging to a bankrupt shipbuilding area.Funded by the URBAN initiative, it now hosts 10 new media companies and has created 50 new jobs.
14Valencia, Spain: new motorway December 2004ENValencia, Spain: new motorwayCofinanced by theEuropean RegionalDevelpment Fund,Objective 1.
15Porto, Portugal: funding of biotechnology facilities December 2004ENPorto, Portugal: funding of biotechnology facilitiesThe University of Porto in the Norte region has received funding for new laboratories.
16Northumberland, UK: energy from windmills December 2004ENNorthumberland, UK: energy from windmillsWithin the Northern Energy Initiative in Northumberland, Northeast England, the ERDF has financed this windmill park.
17Cohesion Policy 2007-2013 3 Objectives Budget: € 336.1 bn December 2004ENProgrammes andInstrumentsEligibilityPrioritiesAllocationsConvergence objective %including a special programme for outermost regions (EUR 264 bn.)Regional and nationalprogrammesERDFESFCohesion FundRegions with a GDP/head75% of average EU25Statistical effect:75% of EU15and >75% in EU25Member StatesGNI/head 90%EU25 averageinnovation;environment/risk prevention;accessibility;infrastructure;human ressources;administrative capacitytransport (TENs);sustainable transport;environment;renewable energy67.34%= bn. EUR8.38%= bn. EUR23.86%= bn. EURCohesion Policy3 ObjectivesBudget: € bn(0.41% of EU-GDP)Regional competitiveness and employment objective %(EUR 57.9 bn.)Regional programmes(ERDF)and nationalprogrammes(ESF)Member Statespropose a list ofregions(NUTS I or II)"Phasing-in"Regions covered by objec-tive 1 in periodand not covered by theconvergence objectiveInnovationenvironment/riskpreventionaccessibilityEuropean employmentstrategy83.44%= bn. EUR16.56%= 9.58 bn. EUREuropean territorial co-operation objective 3.94%(EUR 13.2 bn.)Cross-border andtransnationalprogrammes andnetworking (ERDF)Border regions andgreater regions ofco-operationinnovation;environment/risk prevention;accessibilityculture, education35.61% cross-border12.12% ENI47.73% transnational4.54% f. networks