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EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 1 Cohesion Policy and its financial instruments

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Presentation on theme: "EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 1 Cohesion Policy and its financial instruments"— Presentation transcript:

1 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 1 Cohesion Policy and its financial instruments

2 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 2 40% to 49,9% of EU population ( Mio.) in eligible areas (Obj. 1&2) 213 to 233 bn. Euro for Structural funds by 2006 (one third of the EU budget) 400 to 480 Structural Funds programmes 211 to 264 NUTS 2-Regions EU Structural policy following enlargement

3 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 3 History Integration of the Structural funds 5 common objectives Standardised administration rules Decentralised management Raising of the Structural funds' budget to 14 bn ECU p.a. (ca. 20% of EU-Budget) Introduction of a new Objective 4 Simplification of procedures New cohesion and fisheries instruments Raising of the Structural funds' budget to 32 bn ECU p.a. (ca. 30% of EU budget) : The European Social Fund (ESF) enters into force 1974: Start of European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) Concentration of regions covered and financial resources Phasing-out for some Objective 1,2 and 5b regions 3 common objectives Introduction of pre-accession instruments for candidates countries (ISPA)

4 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 4 < >= 125 No data Index EU 25 = 100 Source: Eurostat Regional GDP per head in 2001 for EU27 in purchasing power parities

5 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 5 linked Community policies: State Aid Sustainable development Equal opportunities RTD SME promotion Information society Funds ERDF ESF EAGGF FIFG Cohesion Fund EU cohesion policy Rural development Employment and social integration Regional development Other EU policies and concepts: Lisbon/Gothenburg strategy, enlargement, budget, institutional Reform, Global influences: general economic development, foreign investment, national policies EU Cohesion policy and funds Region analysis, multi-annual programming, management, co-financing, evaluation

6 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 6 TEC Art. 161 Art. 162 Art. 148 Art. 37 General Regulation (EC) 1260/1999 on Structural Funds ERDF Regulation ESF Regulation EAGGF Regulation FIFG Regulation Cohesion Fund Regulation Commissions Regulations: EAGGF/SAPARD Regulations Regulation on Information/Publicity Eligible expenditure Financial control Financial corrections Commissions Decisions: Decisons (Objective 1 and 2 regions) Communications (Community initiatives) Decisions on single programmes Council by unanimity, assent of EP, comments by ECS/CoR ERDF, ESF: Codecision EAGGF, FIFG, Cohesion Fund, Legal framework

7 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 7 regulatory framework financial means, eligible regions/areas1 regional analysis (SWOT), strategy, plan/programme draft/complement2 negotiations: Member State/region-Commission 3 programme decision 4 programme management project selection evaluation/ modification 5 Programming cycle

8 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 8 The Structural Funds and Instruments (1) ERDFESFEAGGF-GFIFG European Regional Development FundEuropeanSocialFund European Agriculture Guidance and Guarantee Fund- Guidance Section Financial Instrument of Fisheries Guidance Infrastructure Investments RTD SME... Vocational Vocational Training Training Employment EmploymentSubsidies... Development of rural areas Investment in tourism... Development of Fishing Areas Modernising Fisheries' Industries... Cohesion Fund for Member States with a GDP below 90% environmental and trans- port (TEN) infrastructure (project selection)

9 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 9 The Structural Funds and Instruments (2) Community Initiatives INTERREG III EQUALLeader+ cross-border, transnational and inter- regional co-operation transnationalnetworking and exchange strategies for sustainable rural develop- ment ERDF Infrastructure sustainable development planning studies culture RTD SME... ESF innovative innovativeemployment actions in EU networks EAGGF-G local action groups URBAN II development of deprived urban areas ERDF Infrastructure public transport employment social inclusion culture information SME...

10 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 10 AT BE CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE GR HU IR IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT SK SL SP SW UK Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Community Initiatives Cohesion Fund Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Community Initiatives Cohesion Fund EU Structural Funds Amounts available in billions of Euro; for new Member States:

11 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 11

12 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 12 Several environmental projects in Estonia focus on waste water treatment. These projects include the improvement of the facilities in Narva City and Viljandi. Narva, Estonia: ISPA finances better environment

13 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 13 The Lichthaus is a former workers council building, belonging to a bankrupt shipbuilding area. Funded by the URBAN initiative, it now hosts 10 new media companies and has created 50 new jobs. Bremen, Germany: new enterprises in old buildings

14 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 14 Valencia, Spain: new motorway Cofinanced by the European Regional Develpment Fund, Objective 1.

15 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 15 Porto, Portugal: funding of biotechnology facilities The University of Porto in the Norte region has received funding for new laboratories.

16 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 16 Northumberland, UK: energy from windmills Within the Northern Energy Initiative in Northumberland, Northeast England, the ERDF has financed this windmill park.

17 EN Overview Regional Policy EUROPEAN COMMISSION December 2004 EN 17 Convergence objective 78.5% including a special programme for outermost regions (EUR 264 bn.) Programmes and Instruments EligibilityPrioritiesAllocations European territorial co-operation objective 3.94% (EUR 13.2 bn.) Regional competitiveness and employment objective 17.2% (EUR 57.9 bn.) Cohesion Policy Objectives Budget: bn (0.41% of EU-GDP) Regional and national programmes ERDF ESF Cohesion Fund Regions with a GDP/head 75% of average EU25 Statistical effect: Regions with a GDP/head 75% of EU15 and >75% in EU25 Member States GNI/head 90% EU25 average innovation; environment/ risk prevention; accessibility; infrastructure; human ressources; administrative capacity transport (TENs); sustainable transport; environment; renewable energy 67.34% = bn. EUR 8.38% = bn. EUR 23.86% = bn. EUR Regional programmes (ERDF) and national programmes (ESF) Member States propose a list of regions (NUTS I or II) "Phasing-in" Regions covered by objec- tive 1 in period and not covered by the convergence objective Innovation environment/risk prevention accessibility European employment strategy 83.44% = bn. EUR 16.56% = 9.58 bn. EUR Cross-border and transnational programmes and networking (ERDF) Border regions and greater regions of transnational co-operation innovation; environment/ risk prevention; accessibility culture, education 35.61% cross-border 12.12% ENI 47.73% transnational 4.54% f. networks


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