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Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Hannah Kosow University of Stuttgart ZIRN - Interdisciplinary Research Unit on Risk.

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Presentation on theme: "Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Hannah Kosow University of Stuttgart ZIRN - Interdisciplinary Research Unit on Risk."— Presentation transcript:

1 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Hannah Kosow University of Stuttgart ZIRN - Interdisciplinary Research Unit on Risk Governance and Sustainable Technology Development The 4th International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis (FTA) 12 & 13 May 2011

2 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Content I. Introduction II. SAS : story and simulation ideal type and practice strengths and weaknesses III. CIBAS : cross-impact balance analysis and simulation cross-impact balance analysis ( CIB ) conceptual ideas on CIBAS expected potential and limits IV. Conclusion 2

3 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Approaching futures of coupled human- environmental systems modeling and simulation systems analysis integrated modeling combining numerical modeling with qualitative scenario techniques (SAS) used for scientific exploration and to inform public and political debates but: usefulness and credibility of SAS scenarios for producer-users and recipient-users (e.g. Parson 2008, Pulver/ VanDeveer 2009) ? 3

4 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Focus Aims: to reflect current approaches and to discuss a new approach Question: (If and) how could CIB be used within a new approach to SAS and what potential benefits and limits can we expect from CIBAS (i.e. CIB And Simulation)? Methods: literature review expert interviews conceptual ideas and expectations on potential and limits of CIBAS (empirical exploration and evaluation of CIBAS via case studies) 4

5 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Story And Simulation (SAS) (Alcamo 2001, 2008) Basic idea: to explore futures of coupled human-natural systems by combining numerical simulation models with qualitative storylines Central assumption: combination of qualitative with quantitative scenario approaches benefits from the advantages of both (Alcamo 2008: 124; Kemp-Benedict 2004:1; Winterscheid 2007: 54). 5

6 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation SAS: ideal type story (creative scenario technique) quantification refinement simulation (numerical modeling) product: qualitative and quantitative scenarios iterative process Source: own representation based on Alcamo 2001,

7 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation SAS: practice prototype studies Emission Scenarios (SRES) (IPCC 2000) Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) (Carpenter et al. 2005) World Water Visions (Gallopin/ Rijsbersman 2000) Global Environmental Outlook GEO-4 (UNEP 2007) SAS covers a variety of designs combining numerical modeling with qualitative scenario techniques. 7

8 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation SAS: strenghts use of scenario concept in its primary sense representation of uncertainty of social contexts integration of qualitative information inclusion of variety (of knowledge and of participants) possible 8

9 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation SAS: weaknesses methodological imbalance: formal and systematic modeling vs. creative-narrative scenario technique promise of consistency seems difficult to hold limited reproducibility ridden with prerequisites 9

10 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Cross-impact balance analysis (CIB) (Weimer-Jehle 2006) qualitative but systematic form of systems analysis based on expert judgments of interactions of system elements balance algorithm to determine consistent network configurations applied as qualitative scenario technique in various fields analysis via SzenarioWizard or with pen and paper Example of a CIB matrix 10

11 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Some conceptual ideas on CIBAS CIB consistent context assumptions simulation results numerical modeling IL detail, nuance, creativity precise, systematic & transparent approach type consistent context scenarios CIB instead or in addition to Intuitive Logics (IL) product: qualitative and quantitative scenarios 11

12 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation CIBAS : expected potential moderates the methodological imbalance of SAS by its systematic and semi-formalized approach assures the internal consistency of the qualitative scenarios via CIB supports the reproducibility of the scenario process (not of the result) by explicitly documenting underlying mental models including assumptions on interrelations 12

13 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation CIBAS : expected limits is ridden with many of the same prerequisites as SAS, the translation of verbal into numerical statements remains a challenge, e.g. possibly tends to overemphasize causal relationships 13

14 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Conclusion CIBAS… could build on the strengths of SAS and balance some of its weaknesses might enhance the usefulness and the credibility of SAS processes 14 Future work develop a conceptual framework on SAS processes and variants explore CIBAS empirically: two case studies have already started

15 Consistent context scenarios: a new approach to story and simulation Ideas for further case studies are very welcome! Thank you 15


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