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1 DG for Development and Cooperation - Europeaid Directorate B : Quality and Impact Unit B1 : QUALITY OF DELIVERY SYSTEMS Technical Cooperation Reform.

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Presentation on theme: "1 DG for Development and Cooperation - Europeaid Directorate B : Quality and Impact Unit B1 : QUALITY OF DELIVERY SYSTEMS Technical Cooperation Reform."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 DG for Development and Cooperation - Europeaid Directorate B : Quality and Impact Unit B1 : QUALITY OF DELIVERY SYSTEMS Technical Cooperation Reform What has been achieved ? What story does the monitoring tell? Brussels, 4th July 2011

2 2 What is Technical Cooperation ? Know-how provision in the form of short and long term personnel, training, twinning, and associated costs (programme estimates..) Breakdown of TC in 2010 –An input= 1,4 billon EUR signed in 2010 –Uneasy to estimate with precision –Technical cooperation by EC is on a lowering trend

3 3 What is Capacity Development ? CD : the process by which one maintains, creates capacity… Many ways of supporting CD : Policy Dialogue Budget support, NGO.. TC Knowledge Sharing Capacity Development to produce results to innovate, adapt … If Capacity Development support is successful, it creates an exit opportunity from the traditional aid relationship Capacity: Ability to manage affairs successfully

4 4 Technical Cooperation Reform context: Comments from Partner Governments in 2007-08 « Technical Assistants are, in many cases, primarily accountable to the EU Delegation… » « Technical Assistance often diverges from its essential purpose of capacity development and focuses on substitution… » « EC procedures are not always conducive to EC intentions on aid effectiveness… » « Donor coordination : the governments responsibility to coordinate the assistance is not yet fully appreciated… »

5 5 Capacity Development: ECs Technical Cooperation Reform Chronology : 2007 - Court of Auditors 2008 – Principles of the Reform in place, AAA 2009 – Implementation modalities in place, 2010 – Practical implementation –Guidance –Promotion, dissemination, courses, learning events –Knowledge sharing –Energy of individuals –Visible commitment from the management –Implementation : Systems and monitoring Content :

6 6 Capacity Development: Knowledge => Capacity C4D is promoting Capacity Development as a priority for our cooperation and is supporting capacity in DEVCO : capacity of the delivery system 1) Sharing good practices : Delegations openly reflect and share operational lessons from successful projects 2) How to improve quality and impact ? Explaining tools and passing messages to the field 3) Secure collaborative spaces and connect HQ and Delegations, Delegations with Delegations, Member States, Partners, Consultants..

7 7 Technical Cooperation Reform methodological package and system Methodology / 5 Technical Cooperation Quality criteria : –Fits the context –Ownership –Results orientation –Coordination and alignment –Programme Implementation arrangements Monitoring Systems: –New projectsQuality grid –Yearly self assessmentEAMR –External monitoringROM –EvaluationMethodology under preparation

8 8 Capacity Development: Technical Cooperation Reform Execution/Monitoring of the TC reform 2010 : –213 oQSG check lists (on 350 projects) –102 Quality Grids (on 213 TC relevant projects) – 574 projects or contracts self-assessed (EAMR) –1009 external monitoring reports (ROM) 1) Over 50% of projects consistently use the tools 2) Consistent results accross the system : 2 out of 3 programmes in line with TC/CD quality criteria Vs. 1 out 3 programmes successful as audited by CoA in 2007

9 9 Distribution of grades for 1009 External Monitoring Reports 67% of projects have high grades 8% of projects are a matter of concern Year 2010

10 10 Comparison of CD performance TC / non-TC projects for the year 2010 397 TC projects (Technical assistance, etc.) that contribute to Capacity Development 585 non TC projects (NGOs, etc.), but do contribute to Capacity Development Contribution of TC and « Non TC » projects to Capacity Development is the same

11 11 Performance by quality criteria 2 weak criteria : 1) Harmonisation/coordination : Why ? Length of start-up phase + lack of flexibility 2) Results orientation : Why ? Lack of internal monitoring and overambitious results Fragile States : Context is more complicated (formal and informal power relationships) + capacity of formal institution Fragile States (medium/high limit)

12 12 Compiled grades by implementing partner Findings : -NGOs (local and international): high score -Twinning: Low scores -International organisations: relatively low scores

13 13 Comparison of performance between 129 ROM reports and EAMRs EUD self assessment vs. external monitoring Findings : -Scoring given by EUDs are less extreme -Internal monitoring coherent with external monitoring -Both should be pursued

14 14 Technical Cooperation Reform: Procedures and systems Local expertise : Introduction of an alternative procedure to Framework contract (Negotiated Competitive procedure) –Remains too rare : Too complicated compared to FWC UCS and Substantial decentralisation –Only used in exceptional cases : the 5 pillars audit is deterrent Contracting authority –In EDF, Authorising Officer is usually local, in other regions, EC remains Contracting Authority over 50% Progress is more in practices or strategic decisions –General Budget Support boosted –Parallel PIUs cut –More attention is given to references of experts

15 15 Technical Cooperation Reform implementation lessons (1/3) Widen the scope : CD support is more relevant than TC only –Out of 1009 projects : 97% have the potential to contribute to CD –397 TC projects contribute to CD –585 non TC projects that equally contribute to CD –Non TC projects can even have better marks ! –Reflexion on CD needs to be done before rushing into TC –What is needed is a good support mix for CD (BS, NGO, TC…)

16 16 Technical Cooperation Reform implementation lessons (2/3) Procedures: -Procedures and practices need to be improved towards more adaptative planning -A reflexion is needed regarding further improvement of procedures towards local expertise and local systems -Certain forms of twinning have difficulties to adapt to « complex » procedures

17 17 Technical Cooperation Reform implementation lessons (3/3) Quality control : -Continue a quality approach – quality and process is a promise of sustainable results -Internal Quality control / internal monitoring is broadly reliable and needs to be pursued -Feed-back loops need to be in place for low performers -Division of Labour is not equal to improving CD effectiveness. Superimposing 2 donors systems, which can have a cost in terms of quality -Invest more in the context analysis in fragile states : PEA -Clean the definitions

18 18 Capacity Development: Challenges -How can we be more effective ? -How to evaluate CD outcomes ? -How can we maintain a CD approach while facing an increased pressure for measurable results ? -How can we be creative ?

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