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Improving the visualisation of statistics The use of SDMX-ML as input for dynamic graphs Gérard Salou, Xavier Sosnovsky European Central Bank Brussels,

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Presentation on theme: "Improving the visualisation of statistics The use of SDMX-ML as input for dynamic graphs Gérard Salou, Xavier Sosnovsky European Central Bank Brussels,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Improving the visualisation of statistics The use of SDMX-ML as input for dynamic graphs Gérard Salou, Xavier Sosnovsky European Central Bank Brussels,

2 2 Agenda Objectives of the developments The 1 st phase - Initial applications (2007) The 2 nd phase - The need for an SDMX-based visualisation framework (2008) The 3 rd phase - The ECB inflation dashboard (2008) The road ahead

3 3 Objectives of the development Further improve our communication on statistics Improve data visualisation in order to facilitate understanding of statistics Leverage IT usage: new web technologies as well as users computers.

4 4 The situation in 2007 Two interactive visualisation applications (using Adobe Flash) published on the ECB web site in 2007: Bilateral exchange rates ( ) Euro area yield curves ( ) Data published in SDMX-ML v2 Compact format

5 5 Exchange rates: Improvements Most popular sectionMost popular section on the ECB website. Improved both data accessibility and visualisation. More information (latest observation, growth rates) Hovering functionality that shows the value for each observation Possibility to view data for predefined periods Possibility to define own period (period slider) Possibility to switch base currency

6 6 Basic calculations Change base Values Zoom Zoom and slide

7 7 Euro area yield curves Second Adobe Flex application in production since July 2007.Flex application

8 8 Multiple choices Animation Table view Zoom

9 9 Animation parameters

10 10 Advantages and disadvantages Improved communication towards the public (improved visualisation, accessibility and understanding of data). Very popular (rather high usage). But "ad hoc" applications (structure of data is "hard coded" into the application). Inefficient, low code reusability and scalability issue. => Need for a generic reusable visualisation framework

11 11 Solution? An SDMX visualisation framework Develop libraries that can be used to build visualisation tools for statistical data and metadata Written in ActionScript 3 (Flex/Flash applications) Based on the SDMX information model v. 2 11

12 12 Why SDMX? Based on the SDMX standard: –ISO standard (ISO/TS 17369), sponsored by 7 international institutions (including the ECB) –SDMX information model describes all artefacts needed –Already in use in all layers of the ECB Statistical environment –Supports for various XML formats (SDMX-ML)

13 13 SDMX framework: Basic organisation 13 Data SDMX-ML data files (data sets, series, observations, etc) SDMX-ML data structure definitions (concepts, code lists, data structure definitions, etc) ECB SDMX Framework SDMX-ML Readers SDMX Information model Visual display Applications Application 1 Application 2 Application 3 Application 4 Read View Use Translate Access Users

14 14 SDMX framework in a nutshell 3 layers: 1.The readers: Reads the Data Structure Definitions and the data files (SDMX-ML Compact and Structure formats, v. 2) 2.The model: translation of the extracted data into objects of the SDMX Information Model 3.The views: visualisation of the objects of the SDMX information model (charts, tables, metadata panels, etc)

15 15 Why open source? 15 Rapid, robust development Reduced institutional costs More thorough code review Better code support

16 16 Logistics and License 16 ECB, NY FED, BOC Code hosted and publicly available on Google Code Strict commit policy and change management procedures BSD license Roles –Leadership roles (Project Manager, Project Advisor and Project Architect) –Committers: three individuals –Contributors: contributions are welcome from all –Users: the code is available to all

17 17 The Plan for Test code with data from sources other than ECB Add readers for additional SDMX formats Remove hard coded concepts Move style information to its own library Create high level developer documentation Improve test coverage

18 18 ECB inflation dashboard Visual display of key ECB statistics Analytical dashboard, to support data analysis Offers context, history and compare functionalities Support interaction (e.g.: data drill-down) Customisable n.en.html

19 19 ECB inflation dashboard

20 20 Generalisation: ECB website and SDW Generalise the use of this technology to other sections of the ECB website (e.g.: effective exchange rates, HCIs, Eurosystem joint dissemination sections, etc.) Replace charts of the ECB Statistical Data Warehouse with similar interactive visualisation tools Add new statistical domains to the ECB dashboard

21 21 Links to experiment with… Inflation dashboard (test environment): Foreign exchange rates: graph-usd.en.html graph-usd.en.html Euro area yield curve: SDMX Browser: (test data file: Flex-CB project:


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