Presentation on theme: "Outermost Regions & Climate Change"— Presentation transcript:
1Outermost Regions & Climate Change António Domingos Abreu
2Small Islands and OR’s Reduced size Limited natural resources Natural disastersIsolatedVulnerable and exposed economiesHigh population densityVulnerable natural systems
3Main climate change impacts - OR’s and small islands Sea level riseChanges in wind and rain regimesSoil balance changesChanges of local wave and near shore sea conditionsCoastal based socieconomical activities
4Climate Change - main trends Increase of mean temperatureSea level riseLess precipitationMore frequent extreme events
5Special issues Development, sustainability and equity, Sea level rise Coastal changesBiological systems and biodiversityWater, agriculture and fisheriesHuman health, settlements, infrastructures and tourism
6Development, sustainability and equity < 1% of GHG contributionExposed and vulnerable economiesNeed of scale adaptation measures
7Sea level rise 5mm/year in the next century Social and economical implicationsAdaptation within their natural and social boundaries...
8Coastal zones Human contribution to coastal zone change In the next 50 to 100 years these changes will increaseNeed to assure resilience of coastal zonesHigher social and economical costs of adaptation
9Natural systems and biodiversity Natural systems are the basis of the economical stability of OR’s33% of the endemic species of the flora are insular endemisms23% of the insular bird species are endangeredChanges in the composition, structure and dynamics of natural systems
10Water, agriculture & fisheriess Water availability and food production will always be critical factors in the OR’sMost of water is from rain originLoss of soil, erosion, saline intrusion,Changes in the abundance and distribution of fisheries
11Human health, settlements, infrastructures and tourism Potential increase of biological induced and water related diseasesMore critical situations linked to extreme eventsVulnerability of infrasctructures, including touristic and those located on risk zones,
12Adequated and adapted management InformationMonitoringMitigationAdaptation
18Potential Impacts on forest and agriculture Changes in the distribution zones - altitude;Higher forest fire risks;Changes on primary production.
19Impacts on Tourism Comfort Health risks Landscape Natural disaters MédiaFunchal
20Contamination vectors Transmission dinamics Regional Climatic changes Human HealthLevels of air polutionContamination vectorsTransmission dinamicsRegional Climatic changesExtreme eventsTemperaturePrecipitationPotential effects on human healthDeath/diseases due to temperature &climatic extreme events (floods/dry/rain)air polution related effectsDiseases promoted by water and foodDiseases transmited by bilogical vectors
21The near future Climate change is a fact It is prioritary to monitor the trendsMitigation and adaptation measuresParticipationIs this possibe to deal with climate change challenges on a OR’s scale?