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Published byAriana Cowan Modified over 9 years ago
Cities consume a lot – and can do a lot MEP Satu Hassi Greens/EFA Open Days 11 October 2011
Sustainable growth for all Demand for resources growing fast –Global population to reach 9bn by 2050 –Major of global ecosystems already used unsustainably –Food price peaks, depleting water resources –Increasing impacts of climate change Impacts of Europes resource imports on third countries –CO 2 emissions, land grabbing, degrading ecosystems
Europe uses more than its fair share EEA: An average European citizen uses about four times more resources than one in Africa and three times more than one in Asia, but half of that in the Unites States, Canada or Australia An EU citizen uses on average some 16 tonnes of material resources per year –6 tonnes of waste per capita is generated annually At lest 1.7 tonnes per capita CO 2 emissions are externalised in the EU as they are embodied in imports (Eurostat)
Domestic and global CO2 emissions, production perspective EU-27 2006 Source: Eurostat
Use of material resources and material productivity EU-15 and EU-12 Source: EEA, 2011
The interrelation between resource use and income 2000 Source: UNEP, 2011
Global ecological footprint Today the humanity uses the equivalent of 1.5 planets to provide the resources used –If everyone consumed as an average European, we would need more than 2.5 Earths –If everyone lived like an average Indian, we would use less than half the planets biocapacity
Ecological creditor and debtor countries 2007: ecological footprint of consumption compared with domestic biocapacity Source: Global Footprint Network
Ecological creditor and debtor countries 2007: ecological footprint of consumption compared with globally available biocapacity Source: Global Footprint Network
Ecological footprint and population by region 2007 Source: Global Footprint Network
Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe Lacks clear targets and concrete measures –Resource efficiency targets postponed to 2013 –Voluntary milestones unlikely to deliver Proposed resource productivity indicator is not a comprehensive tool to measure Europes resource use –Indicators to measure land, water and carbon footprints must be developed without delay
Cities mean more than half UN: Cities account for 70 % of global greenhouse gas emissions –Half of the worlds population currently lives in urban areas –UN projects this will reach 60% by 2030 –Cities consume three quarters of all natural resources
Urban solutions Cities as centres for innovation Municipal authorities empowered to tackle key problems –land-use planning, waste collection and recycling, energy generation, urban transport Behavioural change can be promoted near the citizen
The business case Europe most dependent region on imports of raw materials Study for UK government found no cost or low cost investments in resource efficiency could save £23 billion a year Job creation –Renewables, energy efficient technologies, recycling, urban mining, etc.
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