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Effects of Forest Management on Wildlife Use of Early Seral Habitats Joan Hagar USGS-FRESC
Early Seral = Seedling Conifers?
Following Natural Disturbance... Structure –Legacy trees and snags –Open (low tree density) –Large wood Composition –Herbs and Grasses –Shrubs –Hardwoods Bob Altman
Residual trees and snags Matt Lee D. Vesely
D. Vesely Early Seral Habitat for Reptiles Basking Prey
Dead Wood as Refugia D. Vesely
Food Resources Foliage Nectar Fruits Seeds
Arthropods Insect diversity correlated with plant diversity Deciduous species support more insects Influence of deciduous litter on soil food webs?
Consequences of reduced temporal span of early seral habitats Limit on shrub size and age Shortens duration of shrubby habitat Reduced persistence of shrubs into mid- aged forests
Effects of Conifer-centric Forest Management on Early Seral Habitat Fewer residual structures Altered vegetation composition –Alters patterns of food abundance –Reduces diversity of food resources –Alters food webs Reduced temporal span
30 Year Trend for Swainsons Thrush from Tillamook S.F. BBS Route
Key Features of Early Seral Habitats for Wildlife Joan Hagar USGS-FRESC Matt Lee.
Young Stand Thinning & Diversity Study: Songbird Response Joan Hagar USGS – Forest & Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center.
Plant succession. The Concept Succession is the natural, orderly change in plant and animal communities that occurs over time. If left undisturbed, an.
Old Growth Forests. Old Growth forests are diverse places, with young and very old trees, decay and new growth, canopy gaps, uprooted tree, large logs,
Ecology: Community Structure & Ecosystem Services David Mellor, PhD Citizen Science Coordinator Virginia Master Naturalists.
Disturbance and Succession NOTES. An event that causes loss of life in a community Measured by scale, intensity, and frequency Moderate disturbance can.
The following are approximate percentages in order to achieve a high biodiversity in a hardwood (deciduous forest) Increased biodiversity.
If You Build It Will They Come? Associations Between Birds and Vegetation Structure During Ten Years After Thinning Sveta Yegorova, Drs. Matt Betts, Joan.
Can we emulate early seral forest through silviculture? Klaus J. Puettmann Edmund Hayes Professor in Siviculture Alternatives Adrian Ares Research Associate.
Patterns in Communities & Succession. Species Richness Species richness: number of species in a community Species evenness: relative abundance of species.
Flying Squirrel Response to Thinning in the Oregon Cascades Tom Manning 1, Joan Hagar 2, Brenda McComb 1 1 OSU - Forest Ecosystems and Society 2 USGS –
Fire in Restoration Ecology Christie Sampson. Fire is an essential disturbance In the context of restoration ecology Restoring fire to a fire-dependent.
Conifer Plantation Management Caring for Your Land Series of Workshops Conifer Plantations Module #5 Biodiversity and Wildlife Values 5-1.
Ecological Succession Objectives 1.Explain what succession is 2.Explain the process of ecological succession 3.Explain the role that plants play in maintaining.
What are the components of high quality early seral forests? Cheryl Friesen, Science Liaison, Willamette NF (presenter) and and Brenda McComb, Professor,
Module 2 - Plant Diversity, Sampling Area, and Island Biogeography SEE-U Brazil 2001.
Fire’s Effects on Wildlife. Direct Effects Few studies, marked re-capture approach ideal –Body size and mobility, i.e. burrowing, influence direct mortality.
Forestry. Tree terms Saw log- 6-8 inches for soft wood, inches for hardwoods.
Obj.Assessment StatementNotes Describe the concept and processes of succession in a named habitat. Page Students should study named examples.
Warm Up 1 1.The living parts of an ecosystem are called? 2.A series of events in nature that happen over and over? 3.Two ways in which nitrogen can be.
Fire Effects on Wildlife 18 September Direct Effects Few studies, marked re-capture approach ideal –Body size and mobility, i.e. burrowing, influence.
Chapter 6 Section 2 Forest Biomes. Objectives List three characteristics of tropical rain forests. Name and describe the main layers of a tropical rain.
World Biomes A group of ecosystems that are related by having a similar type of of vegetation governed by similar climatic conditions –Major Terrestrial.
Rapid River Schools FOREST ECOLOGY “Conservation is a state of harmony between men and land.” “A Sand County Almanac” Aldo Leopold
Chapter 1 Living Things Grow and Change. Living Things and Their Needs Living things grow, respond, and reproduce Living things are called organisms.
Ecosystem Balance Test Review Question 1 (6 Points) List, in order, the 6 communities in primary succession from the pioneer community to the climax.
Wildlife Workshop RIDEM Division of Fish & Wildlife Mary Talbot, Senior Wildlife Biologist Jennifer Brooks, Volunteer Coordinator.
By. Grace. Introduction Everyone loves Asian elephants. In this report you will learn about the Asian elephant’s habitat. You will also be learning about.
BIOLOGY 403: PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY (Communities, Succession, Biomes)
Succession Various disturbances disrupt communities -abiotic: fire, volcano, retreat of glacier or water -biotic: e.g human activity (clearcutting, farming,
Plantation Forestry: A Global Look. Forest Area: 3,952,025,000 ha Woodland Area: 1,375,829,000 ha.
Habitat Use and Ecology of the Northern Flying Squirrel Todd M. Wilson USFS, PNW Research Station.
These three elements form a “fire triangle.” Heat Oxygen Fuel.
Ecosystems are always changing. Chapter 2 Section 3.
Using Birds to Guide Post-fire Management in the Plumas & Lassen National Forests Ryan D. Burnett, Nathaniel Seavy, and Diana Humple 4/21/2011.
Rain Forest Recall Stratification Niche Occupation Two factors create enormous biodiversity in animal species. Stratification Diversity of tree species.
Biological Succession SPI Bell Ringer Which of the following is MOST LIKELY to lead to secondary succession? A- a forest fire C- the retreat.
Succession is usually described as the orderly succession of communities to a climax community (biome) over time or as a sequence of communities (a.
Current Trends for Red Alder After 100 Years of Proliferation Glenn Ahrens OSU Extension Forester Clatsop and Tillamook Co.
Grazing and Grazing Management. Positive Impacts Proper management – Reduced erosion – Improved water quality – Food for wildlife – Habitat and cover.
CHAPTER 5 HOW ECOSYSTEMS WORK. Chapter 5 - section 3 How Ecosystems Change ECOSYSTEMS ARE CONSTANTLY CHANGING!!!
Succession A process of ecological change in which a series of natural communities are established and then replaced over time is called_______________________.
FORESTRY REVIEW. A large, woody plant with a single, sturdy stem, or trunk, and that grows taller than most other plants. TREE.
ECOSYSTEM STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION +How do we define ecosystem structure +Importance of ecosystem structure +Factors controlling ecosystem structure +Drivers.
By Keegan, Noah, and John…. Some characteristics of Bacteria are that they can cause decay of many things, they are single celled, and they are able.
Ecological Niche – Role a species plays in a biological community – Total set of environmental factors that determines a species’ distribution. – Generalists.
Succession Where the changing of species composition occurs over a period of time. Two main types: Primary succession: starting from scratch. Where there.
Ecology Review. After a volcano erupts, what organisms (in which order) will grow during succession? First lichens and grasses, then small shrubs and.
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What Is Life? 8 Life Characteristics ______________________________________________________.
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