Presentation on theme: "1 1 INSPIRE Data, metadata and tools ESTP course on Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Use of GIS for making statistics in a production environment."— Presentation transcript:
1 1 INSPIRE Data, metadata and tools ESTP course on Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Use of GIS for making statistics in a production environment Statistics Norway, Oslo, 26th to 30th of March 2012 Mr Ekkehard Petri GIS project manager for Geoportals and the GEOSTAT project Eurostat, European Commission Unit E4, Regional Statistics and GI BECH A3/031 L-2920 LUXEMBOURG Tel: Attribution (by) Licensees may copy, distribute, display and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only if they give the author or licensor the credits in the manner specified by these.
2 2 Content Introduction What is INSPIRE? (~15 min) Information sources on INSPIRE (Demo ~5 min) INSPIRE for data producers INSPIRE metadata (~15 min) Demo of tools to prepare metadata (~5 min) Break (5 min) Exercise on INSPIRE metadata (~20 min) INSPIRE data models (~5 min) INSPIRE for data users Exercise on the INSPIRE geoportal (~10 min) Wrap-up (5 min)
3 3 Block I INSPIRE overview
4 4 What is INSPIRE? INfrastructure for SPatial InfoRmation in Europe A framework directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 (Directive 2007/2/EC) on the establishment of such a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)Directive 2007/2/EC
5 5 INSPIRE is about improving access to spatial information: The environment doesnt stop at borders Distributed infrastructure: INSPIRE is to be based on the infrastructures for spatial information established and operated by the Member States Organisational and technical harmonisation Data held by or on behalf of public authorities (including Statistical Offices) Data falling under the themes listed in the Directive For Community environmental policies and policies or activities which may have an impact on the environment.
6 6 What is a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)?
7 7 Why INSPIRE?
10 Why INSPIRE?
11 A little INSPIRE history 2007 Adoption of INSPIRE directive 2008 First implementing rule on Metadata 2009 – 2013 Further Implementing Rules Since 2007 Transposition into national law Since 2011 INSPIRE geoportal Until 2020 Implementation phase in Member States
12 INSPIRE principles Data should be collected once and maintained at the level where this can be done most effectively It should be possible to combine seamless spatial information from different sources across Europe and share it between many users and application It should be easy to discover which geographic information is available and under which conditions it can be acquired and used Geographic data should become easy to understand and interpret
13 INSPIRE non-principles No requirement to create new spatial information No obligation to provide data for free No minimum level of quality
14 INSPIRE Legislation INSPIRE Directive – a framework directive Transposition into national legislation Detailed technical definition in Implementing Rules (Regulations) Implementing rules on Metadata, Network Services, Interoperability, Monitoring and Reporting and Data Sharing In addition non binding Technical Guidance documents
15 Scope of INSPIRE Metadata Content: fixed list of elements Format: to treat it automatically (catalogues, search engines) Data specifications: data from different sources is comparable Annex I, Annex II, Annex III (3 lists of spatial data themes) Network services (machine to machine communication) Discover service: to be able to find the data in distributed catalogues View service: to evaluate the data visually Download service: to actually get the data Transformation service: coordinate transformation Invoke service
16 Scope of INSPIRE – spatial information 1. Metadata 2. Spatial data sets 3. Spatial data services
17 Scope of INSPIRE – the technical network
18 Scope of INSPIRE – data themes Annex II Elevation Land cover Orthoimagery Geology Annex III Statistical units Buildings Soil Land use Human health and safety Utilities and government service Environmental monitoring facilities Production and industrial facilities Agricultural and aquaculture facilities Population distribution - demography Area management/restriction/ regulation zones & reporting units Natural risk zones Atmospheric conditions Meteorological geographical features Oceanographic geographical features Sea regions Bio-geographical regions Habitats and biotopes Species distribution Energy resources Mineral resources Annex I Coordinate reference systems Geographical grid systems Geographical names Administrative units Addresses Cadastral parcels Transport networks Hydrography Protected sites
19 Sources of information on INSPIRE INSPIRE website INSPIRE forum
20 Block 2 INSPIRE Metadata
21 Metadata Metadata are data about data We distinguish between structural metadata and descriptive metadata SDMX for statistics covers both INSPIRE metadata for spatial data are descriptive metadata Metadata serve different purposes (data discovery, assessing fitness for use, data access, data transfer, use) INSPIRE metadata are for discovery, some elements on access and fitness for use Within the publish-find-bind pattern of a service oriented archtitecture MD are essential Metadata for data users (find) and for data producers (publish)
22 Metadata for spatial information EN ISO standards for metadata on spatial data (ISO ) and on spatial services (ISO ) Lists almost 300 possible metadata elements MD elements can be mandatory, optional or conditional Contain a core profile mainly for use in catalogue services ISO core the starting point for INSPIRE metadata For specific communities profiles are recommended (selection of metadata elements in addtion to
23 Metadata for spatial information Metadata are structured in packages
24 Metadata are usually encoded in XML (ISO standard 19139)
25 INSPIRE metadata INSPIRE metadata are regulated in COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1205/2008 of 3 December 2008 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards metadataCOMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1205/2008 of 3 December 2008 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards metadata Contains in total 21 metadata elements (19 for data sets and 17 for spatial data services) Further implementation details in INSPIRE Metadata Implementing Rules: Technical Guidelines based on EN ISO and EN ISO (Version 1.2)INSPIRE Metadata Implementing Rules: Technical Guidelines based on EN ISO and EN ISO (Version 1.2)
26 Obligations in Member States regarding Metadata 03-Dec-2010 Metadata available for spatial data sets and services corresponding to Annex I and II 09-Nov-2011 Discovery and view services operational 03-Dec-2013 Metadata available for spatial data sets and services corresponding to Annex III
27 INSPIRE metadata what is inside?
28 Technical Guidance document
29 Problems with metadata Nobody likes to create metadata Structure well defined, content not Semantic interoperability not enforced Unclear titles Empty abstracts or other fields
30 Tools for metadata work Metadata editor Metadata validator
31 Exercise Create Metadata on NUTS 2006 Download the exercise sheet from the EFGS website 2012/modul-a05-inspire/A05_Petri.ppt/view 2012/modul-a05-inspire/A05_Petri.ppt/view
32 Recommendations Rather write too much than too little. Make the title speak for the full dataset. Begin the abstract with a short summary paragraph which is often shown in a geoportal. Put into the abstract information on the main attributes, the data sources and references to legal acts. Some information could be redundant (geographic coverage, dates) but help the user In the lineage field carefully document the way the data have been produced.
33 Block 3 Spatial Data
34 INSPIRE not only for geographers – data themes with direct relevance for statistics Annex II Elevation Land cover Orthoimagery Geology Annex III Statistical units Buildings Soil Land use Human health and safety Utilities and government service Environmental monitoring facilities Production and industrial facilities Agricultural and aquaculture facilities Population distribution - demography Area management/restriction/ regulation zones & reporting units Natural risk zones Atmospheric conditions Meteorological geographical features Oceanographic geographical features Sea regions Bio-geographical regions Habitats and biotopes Species distribution Energy resources Mineral resources Annex I Coordinate reference systems Geographical grid systems Geographical names Administrative units Addresses Cadastral parcels Transport networks Hydrography Protected sites
35 Data models and transformations The INSPIRE data specifications prescribe a specific data structure. This should help users to immediately understand the data INSPIRE does not require the creation of new data -> Transformation of data into the INSPIRE format will be common practice.
36 Data transformation – population grid
37 Block 4 Geoportals
38 How to search for data Publish – Find - Bind
39 Search for data INSPIRE queryables in the Metadata – e.g. title, abstract, resource type, keywords, topic category Thematic search and spatial search
40 Tour of the INSPIRE geoportal Exercise I: Search for all datasets on Hydrography with English metadata in Luxembourg Exercise II: Add 2 View services from the same area on top of each other and change the transparency of the top one.
41 Further reading on INSPIRE Spatial data from Eurostat: eographical_information_maps/geodata/reference eographical_information_maps/geodata/reference INSPIRE website: INSPIRE geoportal: geoportal.ec.europa.eu/