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WTO TRADE FACILITATION SYMPOSIUM: BETTER BORDER MANAGEMENT: East African Community (EAC) Presented by: Mr. Dickson Poloji, Policy Analyst, EABC 13-15 th.

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Presentation on theme: "WTO TRADE FACILITATION SYMPOSIUM: BETTER BORDER MANAGEMENT: East African Community (EAC) Presented by: Mr. Dickson Poloji, Policy Analyst, EABC 13-15 th."— Presentation transcript:

1 WTO TRADE FACILITATION SYMPOSIUM: BETTER BORDER MANAGEMENT: East African Community (EAC) Presented by: Mr. Dickson Poloji, Policy Analyst, EABC th November 2012

2 Presentation Outline About East African Business Council (EABC). Introduction. Trade Facilitation-EAC Border management. Importance of better border management Proposed trade facilitation program for EAC Countries. Other trade facilitation measures.

3 About East African Business Council (EABC) EABC: is an apex body of the Private sector in the East African Community (EAC) Partner States. Established in 1997 with support from EAC to ensure that the EAC policies are Private Sector friendly. EABC: is an apex body of the Private sector in the East African Community (EAC) Partner States. Established in 1997 with support from EAC to ensure that the EAC policies are Private Sector friendly. The mission: is to represent and promote the interests of the EAC Business Community; provide value added services that create new business opportunities, enhance global competitiveness of EAC businesses and actively influence government policies to improve the enabling business environment. The mission: is to represent and promote the interests of the EAC Business Community; provide value added services that create new business opportunities, enhance global competitiveness of EAC businesses and actively influence government policies to improve the enabling business environment. Relationship with EAC: - Observer Status in all relevant activities and institutions of the EAC. Currently seeking a more binding framework of engagement with the EAC secretariat. Relationship with EAC: - Observer Status in all relevant activities and institutions of the EAC. Currently seeking a more binding framework of engagement with the EAC secretariat.

4 INTRODUCTION From Customs Union to Common EAC Market EAC Customs Union Entry point to the integration process. Customs Union Protocol implemented from Transition period was 5 years From 1 st January 2005 to 31 st December 2009 Now EAC is consolidating and making it functional. EAC Common Market Implemented from 1 st July 2010 This is the second stage of EAC Integration process EAC making it more functional.

5 INTRODUCTION Customs Union + Single Customs Territory Although EAC is at Common market stage, It is still consolidating the stage of Customs Union and trying to make it functional through formation of Single Customs Territory. Although EAC is at Common market stage, It is still consolidating the stage of Customs Union and trying to make it functional through formation of Single Customs Territory. Under the Single Customs Territory, EAC is discussing two pillars: Customs management and Free circulation of goods. Under the Single Customs Territory, EAC is discussing two pillars: Customs management and Free circulation of goods. Under these two pillars, EAC is reviewing how to facilitate the flow of good through internal and external borders. Under these two pillars, EAC is reviewing how to facilitate the flow of good through internal and external borders.

6 Trade Facilitation - EAC Border Management Trade facilitation at border points is still a major issue. It is affecting the clearance of goods. Trade facilitation at border points is still a major issue. It is affecting the clearance of goods. Border clearance processes are amongst the most problematic links in the supply chain and frequently undermine competitiveness by increasing the cost and reducing reliability of supply. Border clearance processes are amongst the most problematic links in the supply chain and frequently undermine competitiveness by increasing the cost and reducing reliability of supply. The time schedules at the border posts are not synchronized. The time schedules at the border posts are not synchronized. Border controls interfere with free circulation of goods. Border controls interfere with free circulation of goods.

7 Trade Facilitation - EAC Border Management Some NTBs occurs at the Borders. Some NTBs occurs at the Borders. Numerous non customs state agencies involved in clearance of goods Numerous non customs state agencies involved in clearance of goods The speed of the swam of locusts is determined by the slowest locust. Necessary infrastructure and standards for border management may be lacking. e.g power Necessary infrastructure and standards for border management may be lacking. e.g power Understanding of the new customs procedures. Flow of information on the customs procedures and requirements. Understanding of the new customs procedures. Flow of information on the customs procedures and requirements. Lengthy and varying customs procedures. Lengthy and varying customs procedures. Delay in clearance of goods Delay in clearance of goods

8 Importance of better border management Facilitates smooth and faster flow of cargo across the borders. Facilitates smooth and faster flow of cargo across the borders. Promotes intra-EAC trade. Promotes intra-EAC trade. Enhances free circulation of goods. Enhances free circulation of goods. Reduces cases of NTBs. Reduces cases of NTBs. Improve predictability and reliability of shipments. Improve predictability and reliability of shipments. Reduces transaction costs at the borders Reduces transaction costs at the borders

9 EAC Trade flow, (US$ Million) KAM : 50 Years of Manufacturing Excellence. Table 8% of Intra-EAC Trade to the Total Trade (Source: EAC Facts and Figures 2011) Country Intra- Exports 1,680.32,180.82,210.12,355.7 Intra- Imports 1,148.91,484.31,655.41,764.6 Total intra- EAC Trade 2,829.23,665.13,865.54,120.3 Total EAC Trade (EAC + rest of world) 26, , , , % of Intra- EAC Trade to Total Trade 10.5%10.6%12.2%11.1% 9

10 Total Intra-EAC Trade KAM : 50 Years of Manufacturing Excellence.

11 Proposed Trade Facilitation program for EAC countries Definition of the Concept - One Stop Border Post (OSBP) An integrated border system under the OSBP model aims to bring together all the border agencies for improved efficiencies through streamlined, coordinated and harmonised operations. An integrated border system under the OSBP model aims to bring together all the border agencies for improved efficiencies through streamlined, coordinated and harmonised operations. The legal framework to support OSBP is still being finalised. The legal framework to support OSBP is still being finalised. A Bill for OSBP is still going through approval process. A Bill for OSBP is still going through approval process.

12 Proposed Trade Facilitation program for EAC countries Benefits of One Stop Border Post (OSBP) To reduce transit times for traders and transporters leading to more effective use of available resources and assets at a lower cost. To reduce transit times for traders and transporters leading to more effective use of available resources and assets at a lower cost. To improve competitiveness for goods in the region due to reduced processing times at the border which are assumed to translate into reduced costs. To improve competitiveness for goods in the region due to reduced processing times at the border which are assumed to translate into reduced costs. To enhance the reliability of the supply chain through streamlined and harmonised procedures resulting in predictable movements of cargo. To enhance the reliability of the supply chain through streamlined and harmonised procedures resulting in predictable movements of cargo. To develop better operational controls through shared and improved exchange of information among agencies. To develop better operational controls through shared and improved exchange of information among agencies.

13 Proposed Trade Facilitation program for EAC countries One Stop Border Post for Internal Borders Partner States are expected in future to establish and implement one stop border post at the common borders and may enter into such bilateral agreement as may be necessary. Partner States are expected in future to establish and implement one stop border post at the common borders and may enter into such bilateral agreement as may be necessary. There is bilateral Agreement between United Republic of Tanzania and Republic of Rwanda to establish and implement one stop border post at Rusumo. There is bilateral Agreement between United Republic of Tanzania and Republic of Rwanda to establish and implement one stop border post at Rusumo. There are other proposed One Stop Border Posts e.g. Malaba Border, Namanga, Holili/Taveta. There are other proposed One Stop Border Posts e.g. Malaba Border, Namanga, Holili/Taveta.

14 Proposed Trade Facilitation program for EAC countries One Stop Centre for External Borders This option proposes the promotion of the One Stop Centre concept at the main sea ports into the region such as Mombasa and Dar es Salaam Ports. This option proposes the promotion of the One Stop Centre concept at the main sea ports into the region such as Mombasa and Dar es Salaam Ports. Under this set up, each Partner State would have direct responsibility for clearing goods destined for its country and for ensuring that revenues are remitted to the destination states. Under this set up, each Partner State would have direct responsibility for clearing goods destined for its country and for ensuring that revenues are remitted to the destination states. To start with the main sea ports at Mombasa and Dar es Salaam as phase one and thereafter the main land borders into the EAC as phase two as transitional phases where each Partner State would place its own officers at the major points of entry. To start with the main sea ports at Mombasa and Dar es Salaam as phase one and thereafter the main land borders into the EAC as phase two as transitional phases where each Partner State would place its own officers at the major points of entry.

15 Proposed Trade Facilitation program for EAC countries Private sector view on One Stop Border Post One Stop Border Post is a good concept for EAC especially for internal borders. One Stop Border Post is a good concept for EAC especially for internal borders. However, the measure should be transitional i.e. for period of time. However, the measure should be transitional i.e. for period of time. Ultimately, one stop border post should be phased out for Internal borders. i.e. should be shifted to the outer/external borders of EAC Partner States. Ultimately, one stop border post should be phased out for Internal borders. i.e. should be shifted to the outer/external borders of EAC Partner States. This will facilitate free movement of goods in a single Customs Territory. This will facilitate free movement of goods in a single Customs Territory.

16 Other Trade Facilitation measures Promotion the use of Authorised Economic Operators scheme complemented with post clearance audit. It requires all in the chain to participate in the scheme for full benefits. It is a challenge. Promotion the use of Authorised Economic Operators scheme complemented with post clearance audit. It requires all in the chain to participate in the scheme for full benefits. It is a challenge. Mutual recognition of Authorized Economic Operators (AEO) scheme. Mutual recognition of Authorized Economic Operators (AEO) scheme. Single window system for agencies working at the border. Single window system for agencies working at the border. Publication of the procedures to improve their predictability. Not in routine orders only. Publication of the procedures to improve their predictability. Not in routine orders only. Simplification and harmonization of all procedures. Simplification and harmonization of all procedures. Automation and use of ICT for all agencies at the border. Automation and use of ICT for all agencies at the border.

17 Other Trade Facilitation measures Ministries have established a national desk for timely dissemination of information about EAC trade-facilitation matters under EAC Ministries. Ministries have established a national desk for timely dissemination of information about EAC trade-facilitation matters under EAC Ministries. Risk-based management approach. Risk-based management approach. Coordinated approach to Trade facilitation at the borders. Coordinated approach to Trade facilitation at the borders. Building of border related infrastructure. Building of border related infrastructure. Proposal to have COMESA-SADC –EAC Free Trade Area (Tripartite) Proposal to have COMESA-SADC –EAC Free Trade Area (Tripartite) Harmonization of Regulatory framework in the EAC. Harmonization of Regulatory framework in the EAC. Harmonization of axle load limits for the EAC region. Harmonization of axle load limits for the EAC region.

18 Thank you, Asante.


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