Presentation on theme: "Partnership to Strengthen Reform: How Do They Work? Dominique Njinkeu, Lead Trade Facilitation Specialist, TFF Program coordinator Symposium on WTO Trade."— Presentation transcript:
Partnership to Strengthen Reform: How Do They Work? Dominique Njinkeu, Lead Trade Facilitation Specialist, TFF Program coordinator Symposium on WTO Trade Facilitation for African Countries Nairobi, November 13-15, 2012
Outline I. Introduction II. Trade Facilitation in the World Bank: Focus on the TFF III. Partnership approaches to Trade Facilitation
Trade Facilitation Facility Fighting Poverty Through the Engine of Trade
What is the TFF Multi-donor: UK, Sida, CIDA, Holland Managed by the World Bank Support concrete improvements in TF systems Help reduce developing countries trade costs Emphasis on Africa/low-income countries TRADEFACILITATIONFACILITY
TFF Guiding principles Country/beneficiary ownership Country/beneficiary ownership Rapid response Focus on implementation Focus on implementation Requests for TFF assistance Must come from the beneficiaries (countries and RECs) Demonstrate alignment with development priorities. The TFF receives requests on a rolling basis Proposals are reviewed and processed through a fast- track process. TFF funds activities that lead to concrete reforms and investments. Bridge between upstream research /diagnostics, and implementation of policy recommendations Preparation of large scale projects.
III Partnerships approach to Trade Facilitation
Partnership because various dimensions
Partnership to mainstream trade facilitation in trade policy. DTIS and Action Matrix (TTFA) DTIS and Action Matrix (TTFA) Trade and trade facilitation nexus (agriculture, manufacturing) Trade and trade facilitation nexus (agriculture, manufacturing)
Partnership to Balance Soft and Hard infrastructure Addressing both hard and soft infrastructure issues is important Addressing both hard and soft infrastructure issues is important Near consensus on challenges Near consensus on challenges Different views about prioritization Different views about prioritization Against widely held view hard infrastructure cost represents a small part of total logistics costs Against widely held view hard infrastructure cost represents a small part of total logistics costs
Partnership to work on the corridor Land- link Institutional Environment Inland Terminal Monitoring & Evaluation Gateway The Transport corridors link a gateway to an inland terminal: The Transport corridors link a gateway to an inland terminal: – Physical infrastructure (ports, roads, railways, dry ports) – Logistics services – Procedures (notably transit) Institutional environment: Institutional environment: – Articulation of regional, corridor and national levels – stakeholders engagement – policies M&E: M&E: – corridor performances – identification of non tariff barriers to address through policies / operational measures
Partnership to enhance efficiency of gateway Gateway process Port authority and operator Border agencies (Customs, etc.) Shippers and trading community Logistics service providers Trade auxiliaries Two main issues for gateway operations: Two main issues for gateway operations: – Efficiency of the agencies and operators Port authority and port operators Border agencies (Customs, SPS, Ministry of Commerce, etc.) Logistics operators – Coordination of the role of the various agencies and operators
Partnership for simplification prior to automation Audit of trade procedures of various agencies : inter-ministerial coordinationAudit of trade procedures of various agencies : inter-ministerial coordination Change in legal and regulatory textsChange in legal and regulatory texts Payment regimePayment regime
Partnership to enhance efficiency of the transit regime Current status : Current status : – Several layers of control (bond, guarantees, GPS tracking) Revised Transit Regime: Revised Transit Regime: – Regulatory issues (mutual acceptance of guarantees and interoperability of bonds, release conditions) – ICT infrastructure (Connection of Customs) Within country Within country – HQ to borders Between countries Between countries – Border to adjacent border – HQ to HQ Coastal country HQ Customs Port gateway Land border Landlocked country HQ Customs Land border
Strategic Partnerships: Strategic Partnerships: 1. Mainstreaming trade facilitation in trade policymaking : links to the EIF 2. Supporting WTO negotiations: Annex D needs assessment 3. Trade Facilitation to boost trade. working across sectors, ministries (e.g. agriculture) 4. Related Institutions : WCO, STDF 5. RECs and JSSO (ADB, UNECA, AUC)
Concluding remarks No Sector in the Bank, no agency at the national or regional level, no donor, working in isolation can make a difference No Sector in the Bank, no agency at the national or regional level, no donor, working in isolation can make a difference Partner, Partner, Partner or no Result. Partner, Partner, Partner or no Result.