Presentation on theme: "FAO Biosecurity Toolkit"— Presentation transcript:
1FAO Biosecurity Toolkit STDF Workshop on SPS Capacity Evaluation Tools31st March 2008, Geneva
2Roadmap Introduction What is Biosecurity? Guide to Assess Biosecurity CapacityHow the guide is being used by FAOBenefits of applying the guide in Bhutan
3Introduction Biosecurity is emerging as one of the most pressing issues of global importanceGlobalizationIncreased movement of people, agricultural and food products across bordersEmergence and spread of transboundary diseasesNew agricultural production and processing technologiesGreater attention to biodiversity, sustainable agriculture and environmentGrowing membership of World Trade OrganizationIncreased public awareness about sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) issues
4IntroductionMove to enhance coordination among national bodies (SPS measures)Some countries adopted an integrated approach to biosecurity (New Zealand, Belize, Norway, Canada, Finland)Most countries still managing biosecurity along traditional sector-oriented lines– lack of strategic focus, inefficient use of scarce resources and less optimal resultFAO developed Biosecurity Toolkit - guidance and tools to assist developing countries in adopting more coherent and holistic approach to biosecurity
5FAO Biosecurity Toolkit Practical guidance and support to develop and implement national biosecurity frameworkFramework to identify cross-cutting biosecurity capacity needs to address gaps inherent in a purely sectoral approachPresents benefits of a harmonized and integrated approach to biosecurityPart 1: Biosecurity Principles and ComponentsPart 2: Guide to Assess Biosecurity CapacityPart 3: Overview and Framework Manual for Biosecurity Risk Analysis
6What is biosecurity?A strategic and integrated approach that encompasses policy and regulatory framework for analyzing and managing relevant risks to human, animal and plant life and health, and associated risks to the environment
7Biosecurity – a new concept? noNational programmes are already in place to prevent, control and manage sectoral risks to life and health (food safety, animal health, plant health, protection of environment, etc.)butA cross-cutting and strategic approach that takes advantage of linkages and synergies across sectors is new
8Changing approaches to biosecurity FragmentedIntegratedLimited attention to interdisciplinary and cross-cutting issuesContradictions, duplication and gaps in policies, laws, etc.Lack of strategic focusInefficient use of available resourcesSectors collaborate towards common goalsHarmonization of policies, laws and regulationsJoint priority-setting, resource allocation, monitoring, etc.Improved ability to achieve mandates
9RationaleConvergence of human, animal and plant and environmental health issuesExistence of hazards/diseases with potential to move across sectorsBreakdown in security at one point in the chain can have consequences for the rest of the food chain
10Guide to Assess Biosecurity Capacity Step-by-step guidance to:assess cross-cutting biosecurity capacity needspinpoint areas for improvementidentify means to achieve future goalsformulate biosecurity strategies and capacity building action plans
11Biosecurity capacity… the ability of relevant organizations to perform functions effectively, efficiently and sustainably in order to:protect human, animal and plant life and healthprotect associated aspects of the environment and contribute to its sustainable use
12What does biosecurity capacity encompass? PoliciesLegislation – laws and regulationsOrganizational arrangementsCommunication and information exchangeSector organizations with capability to deliver core biosecurity functions (e.g. inspection, diagnostic services, quarantine, etc.)
13How does the Guide work?Promotes an interdisciplinary and participatory approachFocuses on cross-sectoral functionsComplements sector assessment toolsOffers a process rather than a solutionPresents country examples and reviews various options to strengthen capacityProvides practical tips and suggestions to support use
14Process - 7 steps Step 1: Obtain high level support Step 2: Agree on purpose, scope, processStep 3: Profile biosecurity contextStep 4: Assess existing biosecurity capacityStep 5: Develop a shared vision of desired future biosecurityStep 6: Identify capacity needsStep 7: Generate options to address them
15Getting started Step 1: Obtain high-level support - Biosecurity cuts across different agencies- Need to convince policy and decision-makers- Essential to establish biosecurity as a nationalpriority and ensure cross-sectoral collaboration and participationStep 2: Agree on the purpose, scope and process- Ensure transparency about why the assessment is being carried out and reduce the likelihood of misunderstandings- Make best use of available resources (human, financial, time)
16Situation analysisStep 3: Profile the biosecurity context at the country levelExamine the context for biosecurity at the national levelBiosecurity issues, general needs, prevailing challenges and opportunitiesInfluenced by geography, environment, climate, economy system, trade, borders, etcContext shape biosecurity goals, programmes and activities
17Situation analysis Step 4: Assess existing biosecurity capacity Examine current situation of biosecurity capacity and performance –identify strengths and weaknessEnsure capacity building activities are tailored to country conditionsProvide broad framework focus on:- overall biosecurity system (policy, legal, regulatory, organizational arrangements)- Delivery and performance of core functions- Linkages and interdependencies across sector
18Developing shared vision of the desired future Step 5: Describe the desired future situation of biosecurityDeveloping vision and goalsWhat outcomes are expected of the biosecurity system?How should biosecurity outcomes be enhanced in the future?What would the biosecurity system achieve as a whole if it worked effectively and maximized potential cross-sectoral gains?
19Identifying capacity needs and options to address them Step 6: Identify capacity needed to reach desired futureStep 7: Generate options to address identified needsSeveral options available (far-reaching to more conventional, incremental change)Different options suit different countriesSome options can be pursued simultaneouslyDeciding on most appropriate options leads to capacity building strategy and action planThe PresentThe Futurewhat is needed?
20Examples of options Biosecurity policy framework Harmonize sector policiesFormulate new biosecurity policyAdopt a regional approach to policy formulationLegal framework for biosecurityHarmonize existing sector legislationDraft a new biosecurity law
21Examples of options (cont.) Institutional frameworkImprove coordination between agencies involvedIdentify lead agency for biosecurityCreate a new biosecurity agencyDelivery of core functionsInvolve third parties in delivery of servicesApply cost-recovery modelUsed shared infrastructureDevelop shared training programmes, etc.
22How the Guide is being used -FAO Assess biosecurity capacity needs under the FAO/Norway Cooperation ProgrammeFacilitate national stakeholder workshops on an integrated biosecurity approachAs a resource for trainingSupport project formulation (FAO, STDF)
23How the Guide is being used -FAO Biosecurity need assessment has been carried out in Nepal, Bhutan, Panama and HaitiSTDF funded project in Nepal - focus on HRDDevelop National Action Plan, Biosecurity Policy and country situation report for Bhutan
24Training of Trainers workshops on Biosecurity Rome, Italy22-25 January 200821 Participants from 14 countriesBangkok, Thailand28-30 May 200731 Participants from 16 countriesAccra, Ghana30 May - 1 June 200727 Participants from 15 countriesSantiago, Chile9-11 May 200722 Participants from 10 countries
25Feedback -ToT Workshops Integrated approach to biosecurity is relatively new but importantThere is overlapping and duplication in roles and responsibilities among biosecurity sectorsNeed to create awareness on the concept in order to enhance coordination and collaborationThe toolkit is comprehensive, systematic, relevant and very practicalNeed for carrying out assessment of biosecurity using the guideSeek assistance from FAO to carry out biosecurity capacity assessment.
26Application of the Toolkit in Bhutan Bhutan has adopted integrated approach to Biosecurity with establishment of Bhutan Agriculture and Food Regulatory Authority (BAFRA) in 2000Designated BAFRA as regulatory authority for food safety, animal and plant health including biosafety
27Benefits of Integrated Approach Strong organizational structure- all core biosecurity measures administered under single agency - fast and effective means of information exchange, synergies for effective administration and improved coordination of cross-sectoral issuesBalanced policy & decision making processes - through the Management Board of BAFRA,Effective utilization of resources amongst various divisions within BAFRA (quarantine, inspection, internal quarantine, food safety assessment and border controls)One-stop shop for processing all permits and certificate
28Benefits of FAO Biosecurity Guide No assessment of biosecurity capacity was carried out since BAFRA was establishedCreated awareness on importance of adopting integrated approach to biosecurity - National Stakeholders Workshop held in April 2007Application of FAO Biosecurity Toolkit proved very practical and usefulA systematic and objective assessment of the Biosecurity capacity needs was done – lead agency as well as stakeholder agenciesDevelop biosecurity capacity building action planDeveloped Biosecurity Policy
29Developing an Action Plan MethodologyInterviews with concerned stakeholdersNational stakeholders workshop held in April 2007Drafted on basis of gaps between current situation and vision of improved biosecurity capacityFocuses on needs that cut across the various biosecurity sectors and at different levelsMany of these needs concern BAFRA as the regulatory authority for food safety, animal and plant health, and biosafety
30Developing a Biosecurity Policy Reasons:- Changing political scenario – introduction of Parliamentary Democracy- formalize the integrated approach to biosecurity- formalize already existing legal and institutional arrangements – lead agency model with BAFRA as the competent authority- develop shared vision and desired future biosecurity system
31Developing a Biosecurity Policy MethodologyNational Stakeholder Consultative Workshop on Development of National Biosecurity Policy43 representatives (public, private sectors and BAFRA)Presented to the Management Board for endorsement and submitted for govt. approval
32Benefits of Applying the Guide Greater awareness among stakeholders on integrated approach to biosecurityDeveloped Biosecurity Policy for Bhutan- Political and high-level support for biosecurity activities- framework for improved collaboration among sector agencies- formalize already existing legal and institutional arrangementsDeveloped National Action Plan- Clearly identified future goals, needs/gaps and priorities- greater opportunity to compete for govt. budget allocationCountry situation report- basis for project proposal to be presented to prospective donors