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European Commission Taxation and Customs Union 1 WTO Symposium on Trade Facilitation Practical Experience of Implementing Trade Facilitation Reforms (8-9.

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Presentation on theme: "European Commission Taxation and Customs Union 1 WTO Symposium on Trade Facilitation Practical Experience of Implementing Trade Facilitation Reforms (8-9."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Commission Taxation and Customs Union 1 WTO Symposium on Trade Facilitation Practical Experience of Implementing Trade Facilitation Reforms (8-9 November 2011) Michael Lux, Head of Customs Procedures Unit TAXUD/A3 European Commission

2 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 2 BEST PRACTICES IN THE EU Based on The Convention on a Common Transit Procedure

3 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 3 Some data Geographical scope: - 30 countries (EU 27) Volume: -Approx. 12+ million movements per year* -Approx. 33+ thousand of movements in NCTS per business day* * Community transit + common transit

4 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 4 Crossing borders in transit- Best Practices

5 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 5 A main characteristic of the common transit procedure One single procedure from start to finish StartEnd Start End Start End Start End Start End Compare to the TIR Convention based on a series of standardized national transit procedures

6 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 6 How does the procedure operate ? Let us take a closer look at: New Computerised Transit Procedure (NCTS) Guarantees Enquiry procedure and recovery Simplifications

7 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 7 A single Customs Union but national fiscal territories required internal facilitation : Community transit procedure MS 1MS 2MS 3MS 4 MS 5MS 6MS 7MS 8 MS 9MS 10MS 11MS 12 EU goods (free circulation) : Non-EU goods:

8 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 8 Extension of Community transit to neighbouring countries: common transit procedure (starting 1972) ISMS 1MS 2MS 3Third country NOMS 5CH (+ LI)MS 6Third country MS 6MS 7MS 8Third country EU goods (free circulation) : Non-EU goods:

9 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 9 EU Internal Market (1993) ISMS 1MS 2MS 3Third country NOMS 5CH (+ LI)MS 6Third country MS 6MS 7MS 8Third country EU goods (free circulation) : Non-EU goods:

10 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 10 Geographical scope today Convention on a common transit procedure / SAD Convention applies between the EU, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Liechtenstein Community transit applies in the customs territory of the EU (27 MS) + Andorra & San Marino (Customs Unions) Note: in the territory of the EU the common transit convention follows the rules of Community transit

11 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 11 Goals -Facilitation of border crossing -Trade facilitation -Cost saving -Efficient controls -Balance between the economic interest of operators and the interest of customs (simplified procedures, modulation of guarantee, authorised consignor/consignee, etc.) -Alignment of legislation, formalities and procedures -Safety/Security declaration can be combined with transit

12 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 12 Accession to the Conventions -A country must be invited by the EC/EFTA Joint Committee -Formal accession procedure is described in Articles 15.5 and 15a of the Common Transit Convention (Articles 11.5 and 11a of the SAD Convention) -Communication (COM(2001)289 of ) sets out the general conditions that must be met by the EU pre-accession countries -Communication (COM(2010)668 of ) sets out a strategy to prepare certain neighbouring countries for accession to the Conventions and re-confirms the conditions for accession - Council support received ( , 6800/2/11) - conclusions on a strategy to prepare certain neighbouring countries for accession

13 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 13 General conditions for accession Ability to implement the whole acquis: - adopt the legal provisions; - have the operational administrative structure in place; - a computerised transit system (NCTS); - connection to the CCN/CSI network linking all Contracting Parties (separate Convention), alternative ways of connection are under consideration (SPEED2)

14 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 14 Future accessions Croatia and Turkey are first in line to accede to the Conventions Formal process may start after positive evaluation missions and presentation of missions reports (November-December 2011) Council Decisions on the EU position concerning an invitation to Croatia and Turkey to accede to the conventions required (already prepared, to be discussed after the evaluation missions) Decision of the EC-EFTA Joint Committee (February 2012) Deposit of the accession instruments (April 2012) Extension of the Conventions (July 2012)

15 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 15 NCTS Principles and Benefits For Customs: Real time exchange of information (declaration, advance arrival information, guarantee check, etc.) Customs authorities are linked electronically More effective customs control (risk analysis, guarantee, discharge) Statistics Safety/security data combined with transit

16 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 16 NCTS Principles and Benefits -2 For business: Fast administrative process Faster release of guarantee More information available (e.g. movement status info) Faster discharge (less open movements and enquiries) Safety/security data combined with transit

17 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 17 NCTS System Architecture 27 EU Member States NO IS CH & LI Traders Customs offices Common Communications Network and Interface (CCN/CSI ) NCTS system architecture AND SM International domain National domain External domain

18 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 18 Guarantee Individual guarantee: -Covers a single operation -By cash deposit, by guarantor or by voucher ( 7000) -Covers the full amount of potential customs debt Comprehensive guarantee (simplification): -Covers several operations -Calculated as the potential debt of one weeks operations (reference amount) -Guarantee level 100% of potential debt or reduced to 50% or 30% or guarantee waiver (depending on meeting specific criteria) -Guarantee furnished by guarantor (third party established in a Contracting Party)

19 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 19 Enquiry procedure Objective is to determine how the debt incurred, identify the debtor(s) and determine the authorities for recovering the debt Fast electronic procedure based on exchange of messages via NCTS Starts at the latest one week after the goods should have been presented at the office of destination Recovery of customs debt starts seven months from the date the goods should have been presented at destination (shorter period in case the operator provides no or insufficient information)

20 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 20 Recovery procedure Customs debt covers import and export duties and other charges There can be more than one debtor (joint and several liability) If there is a guarantor he is liable for the debt incurred by the principal (holder of the procedure) Customs debt must be notified to guarantor within specific time- limits in order to maintain his liability Recovery is carried out in accordance with the countrys own regulations

21 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 21 Customs may authorise simplifications to operators meeting general and specific conditions - Use of comprehensive guarantee/waiver -Status of authorised consignor/consignee -Use of seals of a special model -Exemption of prescribed itinerary -Simplified transit procedures (rail, air, sea, pipeline) -National/bilateral/multilateral simplifications

22 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 22 Example: Authorised consignor/consignee Authorisation stipulates how and when to inform customs / measures of identification / categories of goods Authorised consignor: Places goods under transit from authorised premises without presentation to customs Must hold a comprehensive guarantee / guarantee waiver Electronic communication with supervising customs office Authorised consignee: Receives goods placed under transit at authorised premises without presentation to customs Electronic communication with supervising customs office

23 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 23 TIR Convention Objectives: allow the movement of goods between and through different customs territories (68 Contracting Parties) under customs seals under relief from import duties and taxes and without application of economic commercial policy measures Provide an international system replacing national procedures (including documentations, guarantee) but providing the same guarantees for the national revenue

24 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 24 Weakness of the current paper TIR system Paper format Formalities for holders at every border crossing No risk management prior to physical presentation of goods Movements in the EU monitored on the basis of information exchange on paper Prolonged time limits for enquiry Fraud fighting mainly at national level No automatic guarantee checks Statistics collected and available only from Contracting Parties

25 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 25 Computerization of the TIR procedure The eTIR project –Discussed since 1997 by the Contracting Parties to the TIR Convention –Aims to progressively computerise the TIR procedure between all Contracting Parties NCTS/TIR –Computerization of the TIR procedure within the European Union- as of 1 st January 2009

26 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 26 What we want to avoid

27 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 27 IDEAL SITUATION Transit should be trouble free

28 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 28 Follow EU transit operations on line Transit map emap.jsp?Lang=en

29 European Commission / Taxation and Customs Union 29 Thank you Website: transit/common_community/index_en.htm - Legislation - Transit Manual - Brochure Name:Michael LUX Telephone:


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