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1 My Powerpoint Presentation
Changing role of Customs in the International supply chain My Powerpoint Presentation Wil van Heeswijk Unit B2 Risk management and Security

2 INDEX Changing role of Customs Update on EU Regulations
Role of Technology Conclusion

3 Role of Customs – Objectives
Traditionally responsible for collection of duties and taxes Broadened to: Emphasis on protection of society Security of the supply chain Trade facilitation ANYTHING TO DECLARE ? NO WMD ? 3 3 3

4 Roles and Responsibilities
Security is Central policy priority for customs in the European Union Customs are the primary national authorities that ensure the control of all goods entering and leaving the EU customs territory DG TAXUD is competent for all customs areas that are exclusive EU competence ( former 1st pillar) Customs is now a service provider with a global mission to protect society and its citizens while on the other hand facilitating legitimate trade to faster and more streamlined control of merchandise

5 Role of Customs - Means Multi layered Risk management approach
Information sharing (C2C & B2C) Partnership Trade – Customs (e.g AEO C-TPAT) Enhanced use of modern technologies International cooperation 5 5 5

6 Update on The EU Legislation
Amendments to the Community Customs Code Regulation 648/2005 and ist implementing provisions Regulation 1875/2006) 4 main elements : 1. requiring trade to provide customs authorities with information on goods prior to arrival and exit from the European Union (Full implementation as of 01 January 2011) . 2. uniform Community risk-selection criteria for Security and Safety Risk Analysis based controls, adopted in April 2009 3. Recognition of the AEO concept, providing reliable traders with trade facilitation measures (implemented 1 January 2008) 4. Community Customs Risk Management Framework (CRMF) 6

7 EU CRMF - Multilayered risk management approach
Advance electronic data received from the business community Continuous electronic based risk assessment of supply chain data at all points of entry based on the common risk criteria (security risk rules) Supported by application of appropriate tools, information channels and technology/control equipment Deployment of resources to areas of highest risks Assessing and evaluating the effectiveness at EU level Objective: to target, identify and mitigate risks posing threats to security and safety of the EU prior to arrival of goods and to facilitate legitimate trade by avoiding unnecessary controls at external border

8 CRMF - Multilayered risk management approach
AEO context – securing the supply chain: Risk management is as much to target high risks as to avoid unnecessary controls of the legitimate trade a major component of the assessment and management of risk – reduced risk Objective: Mutual recognition with trading partners to maximise benefits to legitimate businesses and the security of the international supply chain

9 EC AEO - statistics Applications and certificates:
2008 the first year of implementation: Applications 1850; Certificates ; Total (as of ): Applications Certificates Applications received and certificates issued in All 27 Member States.

10 CRMF – Customs risk management system (CRMS)
CRMS provides for secure electronic environment: Communication network linking all major points of entry (airports, seaports, land frontier) and all 27 national risk analysis centres Communication between the Commission and Member States and among the Member States Exchange of risk related information Implementation of the Priority Control Areas

11 Use of modern Technology - Policy and Approach
11 11 11

12 The role of technology Technologies are essential tools for border and supply chain security - from a customs point of view, the following areas are of particular interest: Techniques for advanced and high speed data analysis Techniques for ensuring container integrity (e.g. E-seals, Container Security Device (CSD) and smart containers) Techniques for supervision and monitoring maritime and air container transport (tracking/tracing) Detection and radiation equipment 12 12 12

100% scanning does not guarantee 100% security Does not address biological and chemicals threats Does not eliminate the possibility of tampering with cargo after the scan was performed. Focused on one transport mode only Creates additional burden for trade No adequate technology is available Risk of diverting scarce resources 13 13 13

14 Use of modern Technology - Policy and Approach
Supply chain Security is central policy priority for EU customs Modern technology is one of the cornerstones to enable Customs to adopt modern risk management working methods EU advocates comprehensive and effective multi layered risk management approach using a range of methods and technologies to focus on the risk associated with specific consignments Results in increased freight screening, reduction of physical inspections and a better deployment of sources to risk 14

15 Use of modern Technology - Policy and Approach
Customs administrations are encouraged to take advantage of emerging technologies to enhance security in the supply chain. NII and radiation detection equipment is necessary to inspect high-risk containers quickly without disrupting the flow of legitimate trade Customs community should monitor R&D of technologies and innovations and monitor the benefits customs can extract from its usage 15

16 Use of modern Technology - Policy and Approach
EU detection technology expert group created under Customs programme. Provide a platform for information sharing between customs technology experts Explore and define the needs for new and improved tools or equipment Work started in January 2011

17 Main drivers EU Policy on Supply chain Security
Pre arrival and pre departure information Uniform Community risk-selection criteria for Security and Safety risk analysis based controls Authorized Economic Operator Enhanced use of technology The EU and its 27 Member States are committed to implement the global standard set by the WCO SAFE Framework and its end-to-end supply chain security concept.

18 Supply Chain Security 18 18 18

19 Thank you for your attention!
Questions? DG TAXUD Unit B.2 Risk Management and Security

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