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U.S Constitution: Creates Sovereign Power U.S. Government U.S. Citizens: Empowered by Popular Sovereignty Federalism Federal Government Legislative BranchExecutive.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S Constitution: Creates Sovereign Power U.S. Government U.S. Citizens: Empowered by Popular Sovereignty Federalism Federal Government Legislative BranchExecutive."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S Constitution: Creates Sovereign Power U.S. Government U.S. Citizens: Empowered by Popular Sovereignty Federalism Federal Government Legislative BranchExecutive Branch Judicial Branch State Government Legislative Branch Executive Branch Local Government Judicial Branch 50 State Constitutions

2 Legislative Branch: Article 1- Create and maintain statutory laws Bicameral: A legislative body that is separated into two different houses House of RepresentativesThe Senate Representatives - Two year terms - Representation is decided by population - 25 years of age - Live in state (not district) Representatives - Representation is equal per state. 2 per state. - Six year terms - 30 years of age - Must live in state - Represent a district determined by population - Represent the whole state Types of Committees 2. Select Committee: Specific purpose with time limit 1. Standing Committee: Permanent 3. Joint Committee: Combines Members of the House and Senate 4. Subcommittee: a subdivision of another committee with a specific purpose Congressional Services - Library of Congress: To have access to all published materials - Congressional Research Service (CRS)- A nonpartisan think tank which works specifically members of Congress. - General Accountability Office- a nonpartisan arm of Congress to investigate, audit, and evaluate government activity to keep the government accountable to the people HOME

3 Executive Branch: Article 2- Enforce Laws (Responsible for the daily administration/management of the state ) The Cabinet President - 35 years of age - Natural Born citizen of the United States - Permanent resident of the U.S. for 14 years The Vice President - President of the Senate: Break tie - The heads of the 15 Executive Departments Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP) - White House Staff - National Security Council (NSC) - Office of Management and Budget: oversee the preparation of the Federal Budget and assess the spending of executive departments Independent Agencies - Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) - National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - State, Treasury, Defense, Justice, Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, Labor, Health and Human Resources, Housing and Urban Development, Transportation, Energy, Education, Veterans Affairs, and Homeland Security Department of Justice - Enforcement of the Law - Administer Justice Powers - Veto Bills (check on legislative branch) - Commander of the armed services - Make treaties (needs senate approval) - Appoint heads of agencies and departments Attorney General: - appointed by president Federal Law Enforcement Agencies Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) - Investigative body - internal intelligence service -1 Director of the FBI - 14,000 special agent Department of the Interior - Secretary of the Interior Deputy Secretary Assistant Secretary Land and Minerals Management Bureau of Land Management Home Foreign Policy Tools - Treaties and Executive Agreements - Appoint Ambassadors - Foreign Aid - Trade Sanctions and Embargoes - Military Force

4 Judicial Branch: Article 3: Interpret and Apply laws The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) Qualifications for Justices: NONE Specifics - 9 Justices - 1 Chief Justice - retain limited original jurisdiction - overturn stare decisis - review both federal and state cases State Courts ~ 30 million cases per year Federal Courts ~ 1 million cases per year U.S. District Courts - 94 District Courts - Original Jurisdiction: the authority to hear a case for the first time - Trial Court U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals - 12 Courts (including Washington D.C.) - Appellate Jurisdiction: authority to hear and review a case from a lower court. - No Original Jurisdiction - Decisions: 1. Uphold lower courts decision 2. Reverse lower courts decision 3. Remand case back to lower court Appeal State Supreme Court State Intermediate Court of Appeals Municipal / County Courts Home Appointed by President and approved by Senate Possible Crime Appeal


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