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The Metric System The Metric System The metric system is a universal measurement system based on the number 10.

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Presentation on theme: "The Metric System The Metric System The metric system is a universal measurement system based on the number 10."— Presentation transcript:

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3 The Metric System The Metric System The metric system is a universal measurement system based on the number 10.

4 The main categories of measurement are: Meter (m)a distance value Liter (L)a volume value Gram(g) a mass value Second (s)a time value

5 Using the above values as the base, they can be subdivided by moving the decimal point To the left to raise the values To the right to lower the values

6 How to move the decimal point: To move from a larger value to a smaller value, move the decimal point to the right. To move from a smaller value to a larger value, move the decimal point to the left.

7 Kilo 1000X Hecto 100 X Deca 10 X 10.0 Meter,Liter,Gram 1.0 base # Deci 1/ Centi 1/ Milli 1/ Left Right

8 Example problem #1: 1.Convert 20.0 km to m. Kilometers are larger than meters. So to move from a larger value to a smaller value, move the decimal point to the right. Count the number of spaces moved on the chart. You would move 3 spaces from kilo to meters (base unit) Then move the decimal point 3 spaces to the right 20,000 mCorrect answer is 20,000 m

9 Convert the following values by moving the decimal point the correct number of spaces and in the right direction: m = cm mm =m L = mL 4.34 g = Kg cg = Hg g = cg Kl = mL mg = cg m = mm km = m

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