2 Using the iRespond Units, in each scenario, decide whether the person should be tried as a juvenile or transferred to criminal court and tried as an adult. Be ready to explain the reasons for your decisions.YOU DECIDE
3 Eric, age 15, is accused of robbing an 86- year-old woman at gunpoint Eric, age 15, is accused of robbing an 86- year-old woman at gunpoint. Eric, who has a long juvenile record including acts of burglary, brags about the robbery.Scenario #1
4 Where should Eric's punishment take place? iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) Adult Court SystemB.) Juvenile Court SystemC.)D.)E.)
5 Marcia, age 17, is accused of killing a pedestrian while driving a stolen car. She has never been in trouble before, is remorseful about the killing, and claims that she planned to return the car after the short joyride.Scenario #2
6 Where should Martha's punishment take place? iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) Adult Court SystemB.) Juvenile Court SystemC.)D.)E.)
7 The Sentencing of Bill Thomas While watching the video, feel free to take notes in order to make the best informed decision you can make regarding Bill Thomas’ fate.The Sentencing of Bill Thomas
8 Which of the following do you think is the most appropriate punishment for Bill Thomas? iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) an additional probation period of 6 monthsB.) community service of 300 hoursC.) time in the juvenile detention center, followed by probation and community serviceD.) release into his mother's care and custody with a warningE.) other (be ready to explain)
9 in Georgia, people 17 and older are considered adults for the purpose of trials and court systems? Did you know…
10 Definition of Georgia’s Juvenile Georgia’s juvenile justice system has jurisdiction over children.In Georgia, a person is considered to be a child if they are under the age of 17 years.In addition, someone who is 18 and deprived (child without supervision of parents or other caregiver) is also considered a child.
11 Juvenile JusticeUnruly behavior is also considered a status offense. This means this behavior would not be criminal if committed by an adult.Sometimes status offenses are handled by offering appropriate adult supervision, or with drug or alcohol treatment (if necessary)If the court decides unruly behavior is serious, the child may be committed to a juvenile justice detention centerChildren may be sentenced to up to two years time
12 Juvenile courts in GA consider the following to constitute unruly behavior The child frequently refuses to go to school.The child frequently disobeys parents/caregivers.The child runs away from home.The child roams about on the streets between midnight and 5 a.m.The child goes to a bar without his or her parents/caregivers, and/or is caught with alcoholic drinks in hand.
13 Juvenile Justice-Delinquent Behavior Juvenile Courts may also decide if a child shows delinquent behavior (committing a crime)A child who is under 13 cannot be tried for a crime in GeorgiaChildren 13 to 17 will be punished according to the lawThis can include up to 5 years in a detention facility
14 Which of the following is an unruly behavior? iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) shopliftingB.) skipping schoolC.) speedingD.) burglaryE.)
15 Which of the following is a delinquent behavior? iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) shopliftingB.) skipping schoolC.) being in a bar underageD.) being out past curfewE.)
16 The Seven Delinquent Behaviors “Georgia’s Seven Deadly Sins” These behaviors lead juveniles directly to adult court: (Superior Court will handle)Aggravated child molestationAggravated sexual batteryAggravated sodomyMurderRapeVoluntary manslaughterArmed robbery with a firearmThese crimes are punishable with harsh punishments, i.e., prison
17 Juvenile Rights while in Custody Right to have a lawyerRight to cross-examine witnessesRight to provide evidence to support own caseRight to provide witnesses to support own caseRight to remain silentRight to appealRight to a transcript of the trial
18 Delinquent BehaviorThis term describes unruly behavior by a person less than 18 years of age.
19 Steps in Juvenile Justice Process Step 1- IntakeIntake officer decides to keep or releaseReleased to parents/guardian or detain the juvenileStep 2- DetentionProbable cause hearingJudge has 3 options- dismiss case, informal adjustment, or formal hearing.Step 3- Formal HearingAdjudicatory Hearing (like a trial)Dispositional Hearing (punishment determined)Step 4- Sentencing
20 Probable Cause Hearing (step 2) After a child is detained this is the next step. This hearing takes place in two days or less after the child is detained. A judge in the juvenile court system looks at the case and decides whether the child should be detained further or released.
21 Adjudicatory Hearing (Formal Hearing Trial) step 3 The next step – this takes place in ten days or less for detained children. For released children, it takes place within 60 days or less. At the adjudicatory hearing a judge in the juvenile court decides whether the charges in the petition are true or not. If the judge thinks the charges are untrue, the case will be dismissed. If guilty, then it continues to the dispositional hearing (punishment).
22 Dispositional Hearing (Formal Hearing Punishment) step 3 If the judge thinks the charges are true this type of hearing takes place. At this hearing the judge decides the course of treatment, supervision, or rehabilitation that the delinquent, unruly, or deprived child should undergo. The judge decides whether the child will receive probation or be put into a detention facility. In serious crimes the juvenile could receive 5 years or in certain cases the case will be transferred to superior court.
23 Sentencing (step 4) This is the last step. The judge may: Release the juvenile to custody of parents/guardian, no court supervision.Place juvenile on probation.Place juvenile in a youth center for up to 90 days.Commit the juvenile to Department of Juvenile Justice.Send juvenile to special program like boot campAssign other punishments, fines, community service, counseling, suspension of license.
24 What is the purpose of Georgia’s Juvenile Court System? iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) To handle crimes committed by people over 17B.) To handle crimes committed by people under 16C.) To handle crimes committed by people 16 and underD.) To handle crimes committed by people 21 and underE.)
25 Children under ______ years of age cannot be tried for a crime in Georgia. iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) 13B.) 14C.) 15D.) 16E.)
26 In Georgia's Juvenile Court System, who is responsible for deciding the punishment the criminal will receive?iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) the juryB.) the juvenile attorneyC.) the judgeD.) the state's attorney generalE.)
27 Which of the following is NOT a right of a juvenile taken into custody? iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) Right to an attorneyB.) Right to witnessesC.) Right to a transcript of the trialD.) Right to a jury trialE.)
28 Children who commit a crime which is prosecuted in juvenile court can be sentenced to up to _____ years in a juvenile facility.iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) 3B.) 5C.) 7D.) 10E.)
29 FMultiple ChoiceiRespond QuestionUnruly offenses are offenses which are also considered crimes when adults commit them.A.) TrueB.) FalseC.)D.)E.)
30 Someone up to ______ years of age can be considered "deprived" if they do not have proper adult guidance and supervision.iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) 16B.) 17C.) 18D.) 19E.)
31 Which of the following is an unruly behavior? Multiple ChoiceiRespond QuestionWhich of the following is an unruly behavior?A.) shopliftingB.) skipping schoolC.) speedingD.) burglaryE.)
32 Which of the following is a delinquent behavior? Multiple ChoiceiRespond QuestionWhich of the following is a delinquent behavior?A.) shopliftingB.) skipping schoolC.) being in a bar underageD.) being out past curfewE.)
33 Which of the following can lead a juvenile directly to the supervision and punishment of the adult court system?iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) multiple shoplifting offensesB.) armed robberyC.) speedingD.) curfew violationE.)
34 How long can a juvenile be sentenced to a juvenile dention center if unruly behavior is seen to be severe/repetitive?iRespond QuestionFMultiple ChoiceA.) up to 2 yearsB.) up to 1 yearC.) up to 6 monthsD.) up to 5 yearsE.)