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Research and Development in the Federal Budget Matt Hourihan April 26, 2013 for the House R&D Caucus AAAS R&D Budget and Policy Program

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Presentation on theme: "Research and Development in the Federal Budget Matt Hourihan April 26, 2013 for the House R&D Caucus AAAS R&D Budget and Policy Program"— Presentation transcript:

1 Research and Development in the Federal Budget Matt Hourihan April 26, 2013 for the House R&D Caucus AAAS R&D Budget and Policy Program

2 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT

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8 Defense: -5.5% Nondefense: +9.2%

9 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT

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11 Admin R&D Priorities Innovation / Science Clear shifts from D to R, and from Defense to Nondefense COMPETES Agencies: $12.6 billion (+18% from 2012) Advanced manufacturing Permanent R&D Tax Credit A Low-Carbon Economy Though not nuclear Homeland Security (NBAF) Basic research budget flat when adjusted for inflation… But growing when adjusted for sequestration

12 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT Defense R&D: Recent Decline DOD: $69.5b (-7%) Boost for basic, everything else cut Cuts across all military departments and agencies; DARPA flat DOE Atomic Weapons Continued strong growth Homeland Security: National Bio and Agro- defense Facility gets funded

13 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT General Science: Growth Area NSF: $6.3B for R&D (+9%) 10-year Trend: +21.9% Broad investment, especially Engineering, BIO, SBE Key focus on broad innovation programs Smart systems, materials, cyberinfrastucture, I-Corps STEM hub

14 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT

15 General Science: Growth Area (Cont) DOE Science: $4.6B for R&D (+6%) 10-year trend: 18.1% Growth everywhere but High Energy Physics Continued (but restrained) investment in ITER Exascale?

16 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT

17 NIH: Continued Stagnation 10-year trend: -10% Only notable boosts: NCATS, National Institute for Aging, NLM BRAIN Initiative ($40 million) Details forthcoming Big data ($41 million) Success rate? Also: DOD Health cut, again

18 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT Energy R&D: Major growth Area DOE Energy Programs: $3.1 billion (+16%) Driven by EERE, ARPA-E And in spite of fossil energy cuts Double 2004 levels But nuclear energy, once a driver, is cut this year Proposed: Energy Security Trust

19 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT NASA: Mixed signals? Science cut, few notable boosts Except Webb Planetary science continued target for cuts Aeronautics remains flat Asteroid vs. Moon? Commercial crew increases? What about exploration? Orion, SLS cut

20 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT Agriculture R&D: Turnaround? USDA: $2.5B for R&D (+8.2%) 10-year trend: -8.8% Boosts for intramural and extramural alike Agriculture and Food Research Initiative: $383m And this leaves out Biomass R&D

21 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT Environment R&D: Mixed news EPA cut 10 year trend: -32.0% USGS continues modest growth… 10 year trend: +10.5% And NOAA arrests recent slide? 10 year trend: -5.2% Global Change Research Program

22 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT What it all adds up to… A shift towards nondefense research, but particularly of the use-inspired variety Without abandoning basic research Some longer-term trends will continue See: DOD, NSF, DOE, NIH, EPA, NASA Also see: general budget mix The BIG question: How does one fit a $1057 billion budget into a $966 billion hole?

23 U.S. R&D INVESTMENT

24 For more info… S&T Policy Forum May 2-3 Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center


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