Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Progressive Era: 1900-1912. MuckrackersMuckrackers TemperanceTemperance SuffragettesSuffragettes PopulistsPopulists MidclassWomenMidclassWomen LaborUnionsLaborUnions.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Progressive Era: 1900-1912. MuckrackersMuckrackers TemperanceTemperance SuffragettesSuffragettes PopulistsPopulists MidclassWomenMidclassWomen LaborUnionsLaborUnions."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Progressive Era:

2 MuckrackersMuckrackers TemperanceTemperance SuffragettesSuffragettes PopulistsPopulists MidclassWomenMidclassWomen LaborUnionsLaborUnions CivilRightsCivilRights

3 2 nd Great Awakening Antebellum Reforms [1810s- 1850s] CIVICIVILWARCIVICIVILWAR Populism [1870s- 1890s] Social Gospel Progressivism [1890s-1920] 1920s Revivalism New Deal [1930s- 1940s] 1950s Revivalism Great Society & 1960s Social Movements Christian Evangelical Movement CONSERVATIVECONSERVATIVEREVOLUTIONREVOLUTIONCONSERVATIVECONSERVATIVEREVOLUTIONREVOLUTION Where does Progressivism fit?

4 Origins of the Era Progressivism strongest among middle class Protestants William Jennings Bryan Billy Sunday Walter Rauschenbusch – Social Gospel Muckrakers (c) 2003 Wadsworth Group All rights reserved

5 The Muckrakers Ida Tarbell: The History of the Standard Oil Company, 1902 Lincoln Steffens: Tweed Days in St. Louis, 1902 andThe Shame of the Cities Upton Sinclair and The Jungle, 1906 Jacob Riis and How the Other Half Lives,,1890 Muckraking reflected – Expanded newspaper circulation – Increased interest in realism – McClures, Cosmopolitan, Colliers

6 See Progressivism Photographs

7 Circulation of Newspapers and Magazines

8 Municipal Reform Progressives wanted public ownership of private monopolies providing city services City Commission and City manager government

9 State Reform State governors led charge New York: Charles Evans Hughes battled fraudulent insurance companies California: Hiram Johnson fought against the economic and political power of the Southern Pacific Railroad Wisconsin: Fighting Robert La Follette – Wisconsin Idea Direct primary Tax reform Regulation of railroads

10 Voter Participation Australian, or secret, ballot Direct primaries Direct election of U.S. Senators (17 th Amendment) Initiative: voters could compel the legislature the consider a bill Referendum: allowed citizens to vote on proposed laws on ballots Recall: enabled removal of corrupt and unsatisfactory politicians

11 Womens Suffrage National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) – Elizabeth Cady Stanton – Susan B. Anthony – Carrie Chapman Catt Western states 1 st to grant women right to vote – Womens gentler nature to tame wild male electorate Progressive women suffragists little troubled by racial discrimination National Women's Party – Alice Paul Nineteenth Amendment (1920)

12 A Renewed Campaign for Civil Rights New generation of African American activists called for racial equality Booker T. Washington – Accommodation W.E.B. DuBois

13 From the Niagara Movement to the NAACP W.E.B. Du Bois – Niagara Movement National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) – Beginning of modern Civil Rights Movement – The Crisis – Legal Redress Committee National Urban League (1911)

14 Socialism and Progressivism Socialism government operation of economic institutions keeps wealthy elite from controlling society Socialist Party of America – Eugene V. Debs Diversity of Socialists – Immigrants – Native-born farmers and miners in the west IWW most radical Socialist group Progressives and Socialists both assume the state can solve economic abuses Progressives frightened by Socialist talk of revolution

15 The Roosevelt Presidency V-P under McKinley

16 Trust-Busting Trust-busting Northern Securities Company – J.P. Morgan New Nationalism

17 Toward a Square Deal Anthracite Coal Strike (1902) – United Mine Workers (UMW) – Arbitration Election of 1904 – "Square Deal" – Roosevelt aligns Republican Party with reform

18 Expanding Government Power: The Economy Interstate Commerce Commission Hepburn Act (1906) Pure Food and Drug Act (1906) Meat Inspection Act (1906)

19 Expanding Government Power: The Environment Conservation – Preservationists: John Muir and the Sierra Club – Roosevelt: wilderness is a place to test oneself against natural elements – Conservationists Public Lands Commission (1903) Gifford Pinchot – National Forest Service Roosevelt vs. Old Guard Republicans on government land reserves

20 The Taft Presidency Roosevelt thought Taft an ideal successor Taft – Not adept at politics – More conservative than Roosevelt Election of 1908 – William Howard Taft – William Jennings Bryan

21 The Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy Richard Ballinger Gifford Pinchot Ballinger questionably sold Alaskan coal deposits Taft sides with Ballinger, Roosevelt sides with Pinchot

22 Roosevelts Return Roosevelt returns to politics "New Nationalism campaign, 1910 – Strong federal government: Stabilize the economy Protect the weak Restore social harmony – 1910 election results show plan is popular Roosevelt challenges Taft for Republican nomination – Denied nomination by Old Guard Republicans

23 The Election of 1912

24 The Republican Party & President William H. Taft

25 Republican Party Platform High import tariffs High import tariffs Put limitations on female and child labor Put limitations on female and child labor Workmans Compensation Laws Workmans Compensation Laws Against initiative, referendum, and recall Against initiative, referendum, and recall Against bad trusts Against bad trusts Creation of a Federal Trade Commission Creation of a Federal Trade Commission Stay on the gold standard Stay on the gold standard Conservation of natural resources because they are finite Conservation of natural resources because they are finite

26 The Progressive Party & Former President Theodore Roosevelt

27 Progressive Party Platform: New Nationalism Womens suffrage Womens suffrage Graduated income tax Graduated income tax Inheritance tax for the rich Inheritance tax for the rich Lower tariffs Lower tariffs Limits on campaign spending Limits on campaign spending Currency reform Currency reform Minimum wage laws Minimum wage laws Social insurance Social insurance Abolition of child labor Abolition of child labor Workmens compensation Workmens compensation

28 Wilsonian Progressivism: New Freedom

29 Woodrow Wilson and the Democrats Government control of the monopolies trusts in general were bad eliminate them!! Government control of the monopolies trusts in general were bad eliminate them!! – Clayton Antitrust Act – Federal Trade Commission Tariff reduction Tariff reduction One-term President One-term President Direct election of Senators Direct election of Senators Create a Department of Labor Create a Department of Labor Strengthen the Sherman Anti-Trust Act Strengthen the Sherman Anti-Trust Act Did NOT support womens suffrage Did NOT support womens suffrage Opposed to a central bank Opposed to a central bank Banking Reform: Federal Reserve Act (1913) Banking Reform: Federal Reserve Act (1913) Federal Farm Loan Act Federal Farm Loan Act Child Labor Act Child Labor Act

30 1912 Results


Download ppt "The Progressive Era: 1900-1912. MuckrackersMuckrackers TemperanceTemperance SuffragettesSuffragettes PopulistsPopulists MidclassWomenMidclassWomen LaborUnionsLaborUnions."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google