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The links of MARsite with existing monitoring infrastructures in the EU and International context Paolo Favali INGV/EMSO.

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Presentation on theme: "The links of MARsite with existing monitoring infrastructures in the EU and International context Paolo Favali INGV/EMSO."— Presentation transcript:

1 The links of MARsite with existing monitoring infrastructures in the EU and International context Paolo Favali INGV/EMSO

2 Summary points to one of the Mediterranean areas with major earthquake and tsunami threat, being one of the most populated areas is aimed at moving a step forward a new concept of risk mitigation an management based on long-term multi-disciplinary monitoring both on land and at sea Relies upon the coordination of research groups with different scientific skills from seismology to enginee- ring to gas geochemistry in a comprehensive and integrated monitoring system in the Marmara Sea and surrounding areas The seismicity of the Marmara Region from combined catalogues of KOERI and TUBITAK (1964-2011, M 2.5)

3 MARsite and Istanbul supersite Peculiarities: NAF extends in the Marmara Sea The deformation rates (20 mm/y) very high compared to any other marine sites in Europe, numerous fluid vents and related features have been discovered also along the marine segment of the fault Optimal area to test hypothesis on the relations between strike-slip deformation, seismic activity, fluid flow and gas expulsion Seafloor in-situ measurements are needed to complement the land in- situ data and remote sensing data

4 Status as of 2012 of TUBITAK and GFZ fluid monitoring networks around the Sea of Marmara. Geothermal inventory compiled from various authors (see text). Onshore faults taken from [Saroglu et al., 1992]; offshore faults taken from [Armijo et al., 2002]

5 Built on past and on-going experience European projects e.g., TERRAFIRMA, PREVIEW, LESSLOSS, NERIES, SERIES, TRANSFER, SHARE, SYNER- G, TRIDEC, NERA, SAFER, REAKT and ESONET-NoE by including their contributions and principal partners, avoiding duplication and using their successes and momentum to create a better understanding of geo-hazards Exploit and be compliant to European / International Programmes / Infrastructures, and complement actions ESFRI ESFRI large-scale Research Infrastructures: EPOS EPOS (European Plate Observing System) EMSO EMSO (European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water column Observatory) GMES COPERNICUS-GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) GEO GEO (Group of earth Obeservation) Work Programme 2012-2015

6 I European Multidisciplinary Seafloor and water- column Observatory

7 EMSO, EMSO, a Research Infrastructure of the ESFRI Roadmap, is the European network of fixed seafloor and water column observatories constituting a distributed infrastructure for long- term monitoring of environmental processes Ruhl et al., 2011

8 International dimension NEPTUNE Canada DONET Japan IMOS Australia MACHO Taiwan ECSSOS China OOI United States

9 Marmara Sea EMSO node Sea of Marmara Istanbul DEGASSING EVENTS Embriaco et al. (GJI, under rev.) O 2 (mM) T (°C) CH 4 (mM)

10 SN4 location eastern part of the sea at the westernmost end of the fault rupture caused by the 1999 Izmit earthquake. Main goals: Relationship between Seismicity & Gas seepage ESONET-NoE Marmara DM Partners: Turkey, Italy, France Experiment 2009-2010

11 Map of the cabled OBSs (Ocean Bottom Seismometers) in the Marmara Sea (KOERI with Guralp Ltd. collaboration)

12 EPOS a long-term integration plan of research infrastructures for solid Earth Science in Europe INGV Preparatory Phase Project

13 What is EPOS ? EPOS is a long-term integration plan that aims to create a single sustainable, permanent and distributed infrastructure that includes: geophysical monitoring networks local observatories (including permanent in-situ and volcano observatories) experimental & analogue laboratories in Europe EPOS will give open access to geophysical and geological data and modelling tools, enabling a step change in multi- disciplinary scientific research into different areas

14 MARsite can take advantage also of the EMSO- EPOS links to collaborate with other initiatives

15 Implementation of common solutions for a cluster of ESFRI infrastructures in the field of "Environmental Sciences" Frontier environmental research increasingly depends on a wide range of data and advanced capabilities to process and analyse them. The ENVRI project is a collaboration in the ESFRI Environment Cluster, with support from ICT experts, to develop common e-science components and services for their facilities. The results will speed up the construction of these infrastructures and will allow scientists to use the data and software from each facility to enable multi-disciplinary science

16 Connecting Research Infrastructures Coord.: Christoph Waldmann MARUM - U. Bremen Strengthening the cooperation between the US and the EU in the field of environmental research infrastructures Developing world-class research infrastructures for environmental research is one of the top priorities of the European Union Research Policies The COOPEUS project shall bring together scientists and users being involved in Europes major environmental related research infrastructure projects, i.e. EISCAT, EPOS, LifeWATCH, EMSO, ICOS, with their US counterparts - NSF funded projects - AMISR, EARTHSCOPE, OOI, NEON, DataONE

17 Solid Earth Dynamics The goal of integrating seismic stations into a coherent network is to promote and make possible innovative approaches for a better understanding of the physical processes controlling earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis as well as those driving tectonics and Earth surface dynamics. Integration of the existing national and trans-national research infrastructures will increase access and use of the multidisciplinary data recorded by the solid Earth monitoring networks, acquired in laboratory experiments and/or produced by computational simulations. Bringing the initiatives EPOS, ORFEUS, Earthscope, IRIS and UNAVCO together will foster worldwide interoperability in Earth Science. INGV (Massimo Cocco; ORFEUS (Torild van Eck; IRIS (Tim Ahern; UNAVCO (Charles Meertens;

18 Ocean Observations Sustained ocean measurements are a crucial element also to study seafloor processes, plate-scale geodynamics, and climate variability. The ocean related research infrastructures will enable powerful new scientific approaches for exploring the complexities of earth-ocean-atmosphere interactions OCEAN OBSERVATORIES (EMSO, OOI) SCRIPPS (John Orcutt; UW (John Delaney; WHOI (Robert Weller; INGV (Laura Beranzoli; MI (Fiona Grant;

19 EO observations Land observation systems GEOSS Integration in GEOSS EPOS Global Ocean Observing System EMSO C ontribution to GEO In-situ measurements

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