Presentation on theme: "World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water WMO OMM WMO www.wmo.int Seasonal Forecasting and Weather/Climate information."— Presentation transcript:
World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water WMO OMM WMO Seasonal Forecasting and Weather/Climate information at WMO Robert Stefanski/José Camacho Agricultural Meteorology Division Climate Prediction and Adaptation Branch Climate and Water Department
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva2 Outline Seasonal Forecasts and Agriculture WIS and WIGOS Global Framework for Climate Services Summary
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva3 Climate Prediction and Agriculture
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva4 Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs) First established in 1996 at a Meeting in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. Gained momentum as a regional response to the major 1997–1998 El Niño event. RCOF Concept was pioneered in Africa and spread worldwide. WMO and a number of national, regional and international organizations (e.g., NOAA, IRI, Meteo France, World Bank, etc.) have supported their growth and expansion.
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva6 RCOF Concept Climate information including predictions/outlooks substantial benefit in adapting to and mitigating the impacts of climate variability and change. RCOFs have the responsibility to produce and disseminate a regional assessment (using a consensus-based approach) of regional climate for the upcoming season. Built into the RCOF process is a regional networking of the climate service providers and user-sector representatives.
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva8
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva9 User Community for Climate Forecasts Producers use climate information to assist with many decisions: Crop choice Choice of cultivar (early or late) Mixture of crops Fertiliser use Pest and disease control Timing of the harvest Irrigation scheduling Area planted to a given crop (and/or rotation of fields); Timing and amount of tillage Stocking rates. Source: Huda 2006
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva10 W CAgM Expert Team Meeting on Climate Change/Variability and Medium- to Long-Range Predictions for Agriculture, Brisbane, Australia February Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol 58, No. 10
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva11 Preparedness information on which to make a decision: DSS Whopper Cropper – integrates climate forecasting, crop simulation modelling, and agronomic information. Source: Stone & Meinke 2006
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva12 WIS and WIGOS
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva13 World Meteorological Centres WWW GTS Regional/Specialized Meteorological Centres National Meteorological Centres Meteorological and R&D Satellite Operator Centres Current situation: GTS interconnects
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva14 Goals of WMO Information System (WIS) GTS needs to be open to all WMO activities to provide time critical information exchange Internet should be a part of WIS to allow support of less critical requirements The continuous improvement and adaptation of new technologies in the GTS should be maintained. The WIS should be open to more than just WMO programs allowing partners to participate Need seamless discovery, access and retrieval (DAR) across all WMO systems, including collaborators and partners.
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva15 Commercial Service Providers 5 GAW World Data Centres GCOS Data Centres Global Run-off Data Centre IRI and other climate research institutes Universities Regional Climate Centres International Organizations (IAEA, CTBTO, UNEP, FAO.. ) World Radiation Centre Regional Instrument Centres WMO World Data Centres Real-time push On-demand pull Internet DCPC NC/ DCPC NC NC/ DCPC NC GISC Satellite Two-Way System Satellite Dissemination NC DCPC GISC DCPC WMO Information System (WIS) National Centres (NC) Global Information System Centres (GISC) Data Collection and Production Centres (DCPC) Data communication network
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva16 WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) Different diverse WMO observing systems; Need for integration of these diverse obs. systems in a holistic approach; WIGOS – the organizational response of WMO to this need. Comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable system of observing systems based on the RQs of all WMO Programmes; Together with WIS it aims to deliver an WMO end-to-end system of systems designed: to improve the Members capability to provide wide range of services, to better serve the needs of research programmes.
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva17 WMO Congress (Resolution 30) Towards Enhanced Integration between the WMO Observing Systems Strategic objective of WMO; Parallel planning and implementation with WIS (end- to-end system of systems)
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva18 WIGOS - framework WIGOS will be an organizational framework facilitating standardization and interoperability and ensuring: availability of, and real-, near-real- and non-real-time access to, required good-quality data/products and associated metadata; data quality standards are documented, met and sustained.
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva19 WIGOS - purpose The organizational, programmatic, procedural and governance framework will provide: a single focus for the operational and management functions of all WMO obs. systems and a mechanism for interactions with WMO co-sponsored observing systems.
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva20 WIGOS - relationship WIGOS will respect: Partnership, Ownership and Data-sharing policy of all obs. components and partner organizations.
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva21 Global Framework for Climate Services
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva22 Global Framework for Climate Services WORLD CLIMATE CONFERENCE - 3 Geneva, Switzerland 31 August–4 September 2009 Goal: –Enable better management of the risks of climate variability and change and adaptation to climate change at all levels, through development and incorporation of science-based climate information and prediction into planning, policy and practice.
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva23 GFCS: Objectives Provide a cooperative framework in which all nations, International organizations, scientists and sectors will work together to meet the needs of users; Enable users to benefit from improved climate information and prediction; Mobilize climate science globally to advance the skills of seasonal-to-interannual and multi-decadal climate predictions to generate and provide future climate information on an operational basis; Cooperative global infrastructure to foster sharing new advances in science and information.
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva24 Climate Services Cycle Capacity Building Observations Research, Modelling and Prediction Climate User Interface Programme Climate Services Information Systems Development of information and products Delivery of Products Monitoring and Analysis Application of Products
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva25 Status of GFCS Approved by WMO Congress in June 2011; Inter-Agency Consultation Meeting on User Interface Platform for GFCS (FAO HQ – Sep 2011) Extraordinary Session of the WMO Congress in 2012 to address the development of the draft GFCS implementation plan and establishment of Rules of Procedure for the Intergovernmental Board
WMO OMM GEO GLAM Meeting, September 2011, Geneva26 Summary RCOFs structure supporting agricultural decision making WIS as a open concept to provide weather and climate information to a wider community than the NMHS. WIGOS provide common ground for better technical management of observations in a world scale
World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water WMO OMM WMO Thank You World Meteorological Organization Geneva Switzerland