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WMO G Srinivasan/ Rupa Kumar Kolli WMO Operational Mechanisms for Provision of Climate Services Globally National Consultation on a Framework for Climate.

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Presentation on theme: "WMO G Srinivasan/ Rupa Kumar Kolli WMO Operational Mechanisms for Provision of Climate Services Globally National Consultation on a Framework for Climate."— Presentation transcript:

1 WMO G Srinivasan/ Rupa Kumar Kolli WMO Operational Mechanisms for Provision of Climate Services Globally National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

2 Climate Services  Consolidation of knowledge about past, present and future state of the climate system;  Identification climate information needs within the communities and specific sectors to actions that are particularly sensitive to climate variability and change;  Development and delivery of a range of ‘products’ and advice based on climate knowledge and driven by the identified needs for climate services;  Ongoing efforts for building applications/products and capacities for effective uptake to help achieve benefits National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013 Generation Ultimate user

3 Distinctive Features of climate services  Available ● at time and space scales that the user needs  Dependable ● delivered regularly and on time  Usable ● presented in user specific formats so that the client can fully understand  Credible ● for the user to confidently apply to decision-making  Authentic ● entitled to be accepted by stakeholders in the given decision contexts  Responsive and flexible ● to the evolving user needs  Sustainable ● affordable and consistent over time. National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013 Climate Risk Management Defined as a systematic and coordinated process in which climate information is used to reduce the risks associated with climate variability and change, and to take advantage of opportunities, in order to improve the resilience of social, economic and environmental systems.

4 Seasonal Weather scale Inter-annual Decadal 20 – 30 yrs Impacts/Risks/Adaptation Current Climate VariabilityFuture Climate Change Need to provide Climate information and Services on a continuum of time-scales for Climate risk management and adaptation actions Climate, in a narrow sense can be defined as the average weather conditions for a particular location and period of time. Described in terms of statistical tendencies and variability National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

5 Global Centers receive and process nationally generated data and produce & distribute data and products o Observations o Research o Information System o User Interface o Capacity Building Respond to globally expressed needs from stakeholders at all levels both suppliers and users Regional dedicated entities within the region collection and exchange of data & products o Observations o Research o Information System o User Interface o Capacity Building Source of all data & products, for within country use and international exchange o Observations o Research o Information System o User Interface o Capacity Building Responds mainly to stakeholders within the region, particularly national organizations. Primary Focus on national needs, relationship with users and provide feedback on requirements Data and Product flowsFramework Elements Feedback & Demand Global Regional National Data flows Feedback National Users Products & Services

6 Food Security Climate is just one of the many factors !!

7 Components of the Framework  User Interface Platform - to provide a means for users, user representatives, climate researchers and climate service providers to interact  Climate Services Information System - to collect, process and distribute climate data and information according to the needs of users and according to the procedures agreed by governments and other data providers  Observations and Monitoring - to ensure that the climate observations necessary to meet the needs of climate services are generated.  Research, Modelling and Prediction - to assess and promote the needs of climate services within research agendas  Capacity Building - to support systematic development of the necessary institutions, infrastructure and human resources to provide effective climate services. National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

8 Climate Service Information System (CSIS)  The CSIS is the component of the GFCS most concerned with the generation and dissemination (data flow) of climate information.  It is the ‘operational centre’ of the GFCS. It will include climate monitoring, prediction (monthly, seasonal, decadal) and projection (centennial) activities.  CSIS “to collect, process and distribute climate data and information according to the needs of users and according to the procedures agreed by governments and other data providers.’ National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

9 Elements of Climate Services Information System National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

10 Currently Designated GPCs Links to GPCs: National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

11 Global Producing Centres of LRF  In 2006, WMO set up a process to designate centres making global seasonal forecasts as WMO Global Producing Centres (GPCs) of Long Range Forecasts  GPCs adhere to defined standards – aiding consistency and usability of output: ● a fixed forecast production cycle ● a standard set of forecast products ● WMO-defined verification standards (for retrospective forecasts)  A comprehensive set of standard verification measures, with which to communicate the skill of forecasts, has been defined (the WMO Standard Verification System for Long-Range Forecasts – SVSLRF) National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

12 GPC products provided as minimum requirement  Predictions for averages, accumulations, or frequencies over 1-month periods or longer ● typically, anomalies in 3-month-averaged quantities is the standard format for seasonal forecasts. Forecasts are usually expressed probabilistically  Lead time: between 0 and 4 months  Issue frequency: monthly or at least quarterly  Delivery: graphical images on GPC website and/or digital data for download  Variables: 2m temperature, precipitation, sea-surface temperature (SST), MSLP, 500hPa height, 850hPa temperature  Long-term forecast skill assessments, using measures defined by the SVSLRF National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

13 WMO Lead Centres for LRF  WMO Lead Center for Long Range Forecast Multi-Model Ensemble (LC-LRFMME) Jointly coordinated by Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) and NOAA/NCEP  WMO Lead Center for Standard Verification System of Long Range Forecasts (LC-SVSLRF) Jointly coordinated by Bureau of Meteorology (BoM), Australia and Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC) National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 22013

14 Global and Seasonal Climate Update (GSCU) WMO CCl TT Global and Seasonal Climate Update (GSCU) Regular global consensus statements on seasonal climate – Global Seasonal Climate Update (GSCU); GSCU to include information on current and future seasonal anomalies and uncertainty aspects to assist risk management, adaptation policies and decision making of global partners Enhanced use of such products by RCCs and other regional entities; Global-scale climate monitoring results for the previous 3 months Potential evolution of the state of the climate over the next 3 months National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

15 WMO RCC Status Worldwide Carbbean (CIMH) – in demonstartion phase. Designated RCCs Designated RCC Network BCC TCC NEACC ICPAC ACMAD CIIFEN Pilot RCCs Pilot RCC Networks by 2012 Pilot RCCs in development SADC-CSC National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013 CIMH

16 Regional Climate Centres (RCCs)  WMO RCCs are Centres of Excellence performing regional-scale climate functions  Mandatory Functions: ● Operational Activities for LRF ● Operational Activities for Climate Monitoring ● Operational Data Services, to support operational LRF and climate monitoring ● Training in the use of operational RCC products and services  Highly Recommended Functions: ● Climate prediction and projection (recognized as important need – WCRP/CORDEX linkage and linkage with the research communities) ● Non-operational data services ● Coordination functions ● Training and capacity building ● Research and development National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 22013

17 Regional Climate Outlook Forums worldwide SASCOF NEACO F EASCO F ASEANCOF National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

18 RCOF Concept  produce and disseminate a regional assessment (using a consensus-based approach) of regional climate for the upcoming season.  Regional networking of the climate service providers and user-sector  RCOFs bring together national, regional and international climate experts, on an operational basis, to produce regional climate outlooks based on input from NMHSs, regional institutions, Regional Climate Centres (RCCs) and Global Producing Centres of long range forecasts (GPCs) and other climate prediction centres.  Through interaction with sectoral users, extension agencies and policy makers, RCOFs assess the likely implications of the outlooks on the core socio- economic sectors in the region and explore potential applications of these outlooks.  RCOF sessions are expected to feed into national forums to develop detailed national-scale climate outlooks and risk information including warnings for communication to decision-makers and the public. National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

19 Capacity development  Human capacity  Infrastructural capacity  Procedural capacity  Institutional capacity Capacity development should: address both demand and supply sides be service oriented respond to user needs be balanced with climate science capabilities National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

20 In conclusion we have to build -Systematic and coordinated process for production and use of climate information -Integrated global to national levels -Capacities to build bridges and serve specific needs National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

21 Thank You For more information on GFCS: Google Group: National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 22013

22 RCCs (contd.) – update  RCCs will be complementary to and supportive of NMHSs; warnings and national- scale products will continue to be the responsibility of NMHSs  Establishment of RCCs is initiated by Regional Associations, based on regional needs and priorities  Implementation Status: ● Beijing and Tokyo designated as WMO RCCs in June 2009; North Eurasian Climate Centre (Russia) commenced RCC pilot phase in December ● India, Iran and Saudi Arabia expressed interest to host RCCs ● Pilot phase of RCC-Network getting completed in Europe; and designation completed. ● Africa initiates RCC implementation by identifying six RCCs (two of them being RCC- Networks); ICPAC and ACMAD commenced pilot phase operations. ● South America decides to establish 3 RCCs (two of them being RCC-Networks): CIIFEN, Brazil-Argentina and Brazil-French Guayana ● Carbbean (CIMH) – has expressed inteerst and entered into demonstartion phase. National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 22013

23 Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs)  A key component of WMO Climate Information and Prediction Services (CLIPS) project activities.  First established in October 1996 at the Workshop on Reducing Climate-Related Vulnerability in Southern Africa (Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe).  Gained momentum as a regional response to the major 1997–1998 El Niño event.  RCOF Concept was pioneered in Africa and spread worldwide.  WMO and a number of national, regional and international organizations (e.g., NOAA, IRI, Meteo France, World Bank, etc.) have supported their growth and expansion. National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013

24 Categories of Infrastructural Capacities Seasonal Climate Outlooks Decadal Climate Prediction Long-term Climate Projections Interaction with users Climate Observations Climate Data Management Climate Application Tools Climate Monitoring Specialised climate products Customized climate products Basic Climate Services Cat 1 Essential Climate Services Cat 2 Advanced Climate Service Cat 4 Full Climate Services Cat 3 National Consultation on a Framework for Climate Services in Belize, Radisson, Fort George, Belize City 30 Oct to 1 Nov 2013


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