2 denotation Dictionary definition of a word The word “midnight” means the middle of the night.
3 DialectSpeech patterns in a particular region or of a particular group
4 dialogueTalk or conversation between two or more people or characters
5 elegyMournful poem or lament, usually honoring someone who has died
6 epicLong narrative poem that relates the deeds of a hero…hero often goes on a journey
7 fableA brief story with a moral; it often has animals acting like humans
8 Figurative languageAny language that is not meant to be interpreted in a strict, literal sense
9 flashbackInterruption in a story that tells the reader about something that happened at an earlier time
10 Folk taleStory that was not originally written down, but was passed on orally from one storyteller to another
11 foreshadowingUse of hints or clues in a narrative to suggest a certain action to come
12 limerickA comic poem written in five lines, rhymed in a pattern of a a b b a
13 metamorphosisIn literature, a fantastic change, mainly in shape or form
14 mythA story, often about gods and goddesses, that attempts to give meaning to the world; for example, why the sun crosses the sky; why there are stars; why there are tornadoes; why flowers die
15 paraphraseA summary or restatement of a piece of writing, put in other words (not a direct quote)
16 Tall TaleA highly improbable, humorous story that stretches facts beyond any hope of belief
17 metaphorA literary device that compares two unlike things, saying that one thing IS another…Life is just a bowl of cherries; my father was the sturdy oak tree, and we were saplings; you are a rock
18 simileA literary device that compares two unlike things by using “like” or “as” in the comparison.She is as calm as the eye of a hurricaneHe is like the tiger, always on the prowlThe baby’s mind is like a sponge
19 personificationA literary device that gives human qualities to non-human thingsThe wind whispered my name.The bear said, “Yum, yum, humans.”The chair gave a sigh of relief when he got up.
20 hyperboleA literary device which uses exaggeration to give force or intensity to what we say or write.He almost died of embarrassment.I have walked a thousand miles today.That teacher must be a hundred years old.
21 onomatopoeia A literary form in which words sound like their meaning The twig snapped.The bee buzzed.The bacon sizzled.The snake gave a warning hiss.The thunder boomed.
22 alliteration The repetition of an initial sound is a group of words The pupil’s purple prose was pompousThis precious stone set in a silver seaHungry hogs hug the trough
23 imageryWords or phrases that create pictures or appeal to the reader’s sensesThe soft breeze lifted her hair and the sun dazzled against her skin.The stream gave off coolness and woodsy fragrance as the trees above rustled in the soft breeze.
24 Verbal ironyA contrast between what is stated and what is really meantYou’re a real cutie!” she said to the mud-spattered contestant
25 Situational IronyWhen a situation turns out to be completely different from what we expectIn “The Ransom of Red Chief,” the parents didn’t want their child back. Normally, parents would do anything to get their child backIn “The Gift of the Magi,” the wife sold her hair in order to buy a watch chain for her husband, while her husband sold his watch in order to buy a decorative comb for his wife’s hair.
26 Dramatic IronyWhen the reader or audience knows something that the characters do not knowIn “Diary of Anne Frank,” we know that Anne will die in a concentration camp at the beginning of the play. (The characters do not know.)
27 Prose All literature that is not written as poetry Plays Essays SpeechesNovelsParagraphs
28 refrainA word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated regularly in a poem or song, usually at the end of each stanza
29 stanzaA group of lines forming a unit in a poem or song
30 symbolAny person, place, or thing which has meaning in itself but which is made to represent, or stand for something else as well.Dove = peaceHeart = loveFlag = countryStatue of Liberty = freedom
31 Rhyme schemeThe pattern of rhyming words at the end of lines of poetry, denoted as repeating letters of the alphabet
32 Narrative poem Poetry that tells a story “Midnight Ride of Paul Revere”
34 allusion A reference to another written work in a passage. In Tolstoy’s War and Peace, the writer begins a paragraph with the word, “The Lord is my shepherd.” (Psalm 23)Literary allusion, mythical allusion, biblical allusion, historical allusion
35 anecdoteA very short story which is told to make a point
36 atmosphereGeneral mood or feeling established in a passage
37 balladA story-telling poem that uses regular patterns of rhythm and strong rhymes. Most are meant to be sung
38 biographyA true account of a person’s life – written by another person
39 characterization Methods an author uses to create characters Physical descriptionWhat the character saysWhat the character doesWhat other characters say to or about the characterWhat the character thinks
40 Conflict The struggle or problem the main character faces Person vs personPerson vs selfPerson vs naturePerson vs societyPerson vs machine
41 connotationAll the emotions and associations that a word or phrase arousesIn “the Raven,” the word “midnight” means more than the hour; it means an atmosphere of fright or death
42 MoodThe atmosphere is a feeling that a literary work conveys to readers“The Woman in the Snow” has an ominous and heart wrenching mood
43 plotSeries of events in a story or poem that the character goes through in an attempt to resolve the conflictClimaxExpositionResolution
44 SettingThe time, place, and general environment of a story or poem
45 tone The writer’s attitude toward his subject Ex: the poem “I’m Making a List” is angry yet sad and humorous
46 Author’s purpose The reason the author writes To entertain To persuade To informTo describe
47 StyleThe author’s manner of writing … just as every person’s thumbprint is unique, so is an author’s styleElements – word choice, sentence length, tone and figurative language
48 SuspenseThe feeling of growing tension and excitement“Monkey’s Paw”
49 ThemeThe central underlying idea in a story or poem – what the writer notices about lifeNot a moralIn “Lemon Brown,” the theme could be that everyone has a treasure.