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Literary Terms.

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Presentation on theme: "Literary Terms."— Presentation transcript:

1 Literary Terms

2 denotation Dictionary definition of a word
The word “midnight” means the middle of the night.

3 Dialect Speech patterns in a particular region or of a particular group

4 dialogue Talk or conversation between two or more people or characters

5 elegy Mournful poem or lament, usually honoring someone who has died

6 epic Long narrative poem that relates the deeds of a hero…hero often goes on a journey

7 fable A brief story with a moral; it often has animals acting like humans

8 Figurative language Any language that is not meant to be interpreted in a strict, literal sense

9 flashback Interruption in a story that tells the reader about something that happened at an earlier time

10 Folk tale Story that was not originally written down, but was passed on orally from one storyteller to another

11 foreshadowing Use of hints or clues in a narrative to suggest a certain action to come

12 limerick A comic poem written in five lines, rhymed in a pattern of a a b b a

13 metamorphosis In literature, a fantastic change, mainly in shape or form

14 myth A story, often about gods and goddesses, that attempts to give meaning to the world; for example, why the sun crosses the sky; why there are stars; why there are tornadoes; why flowers die

15 paraphrase A summary or restatement of a piece of writing, put in other words (not a direct quote)

16 Tall Tale A highly improbable, humorous story that stretches facts beyond any hope of belief

17 metaphor A literary device that compares two unlike things, saying that one thing IS another… Life is just a bowl of cherries; my father was the sturdy oak tree, and we were saplings; you are a rock

18 simile A literary device that compares two unlike things by using “like” or “as” in the comparison. She is as calm as the eye of a hurricane He is like the tiger, always on the prowl The baby’s mind is like a sponge

19 personification A literary device that gives human qualities to non-human things The wind whispered my name. The bear said, “Yum, yum, humans.” The chair gave a sigh of relief when he got up.

20 hyperbole A literary device which uses exaggeration to give force or intensity to what we say or write. He almost died of embarrassment. I have walked a thousand miles today. That teacher must be a hundred years old.

21 onomatopoeia A literary form in which words sound like their meaning
The twig snapped. The bee buzzed. The bacon sizzled. The snake gave a warning hiss. The thunder boomed.

22 alliteration The repetition of an initial sound is a group of words
The pupil’s purple prose was pompous This precious stone set in a silver sea Hungry hogs hug the trough

23 imagery Words or phrases that create pictures or appeal to the reader’s senses The soft breeze lifted her hair and the sun dazzled against her skin. The stream gave off coolness and woodsy fragrance as the trees above rustled in the soft breeze.

24 Verbal irony A contrast between what is stated and what is really meant You’re a real cutie!” she said to the mud-spattered contestant

25 Situational Irony When a situation turns out to be completely different from what we expect In “The Ransom of Red Chief,” the parents didn’t want their child back. Normally, parents would do anything to get their child back In “The Gift of the Magi,” the wife sold her hair in order to buy a watch chain for her husband, while her husband sold his watch in order to buy a decorative comb for his wife’s hair.

26 Dramatic Irony When the reader or audience knows something that the characters do not know In “Diary of Anne Frank,” we know that Anne will die in a concentration camp at the beginning of the play. (The characters do not know.)

27 Prose All literature that is not written as poetry Plays Essays
Speeches Novels Paragraphs

28 refrain A word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated regularly in a poem or song, usually at the end of each stanza

29 stanza A group of lines forming a unit in a poem or song

30 symbol Any person, place, or thing which has meaning in itself but which is made to represent, or stand for something else as well. Dove = peace Heart = love Flag = country Statue of Liberty = freedom

31 Rhyme scheme The pattern of rhyming words at the end of lines of poetry, denoted as repeating letters of the alphabet

32 Narrative poem Poetry that tells a story
“Midnight Ride of Paul Revere”

33 Sonnet A poem consisting of 14 lines

34 allusion A reference to another written work in a passage.
In Tolstoy’s War and Peace, the writer begins a paragraph with the word, “The Lord is my shepherd.” (Psalm 23) Literary allusion, mythical allusion, biblical allusion, historical allusion

35 anecdote A very short story which is told to make a point

36 atmosphere General mood or feeling established in a passage

37 ballad A story-telling poem that uses regular patterns of rhythm and strong rhymes. Most are meant to be sung

38 biography A true account of a person’s life – written by another person

39 characterization Methods an author uses to create characters
Physical description What the character says What the character does What other characters say to or about the character What the character thinks

40 Conflict The struggle or problem the main character faces
Person vs person Person vs self Person vs nature Person vs society Person vs machine

41 connotation All the emotions and associations that a word or phrase arouses In “the Raven,” the word “midnight” means more than the hour; it means an atmosphere of fright or death

42 Mood The atmosphere is a feeling that a literary work conveys to readers “The Woman in the Snow” has an ominous and heart wrenching mood

43 plot Series of events in a story or poem that the character goes through in an attempt to resolve the conflict Climax Exposition Resolution

44 Setting The time, place, and general environment of a story or poem

45 tone The writer’s attitude toward his subject
Ex: the poem “I’m Making a List” is angry yet sad and humorous

46 Author’s purpose The reason the author writes To entertain To persuade
To inform To describe

47 Style The author’s manner of writing … just as every person’s thumbprint is unique, so is an author’s style Elements – word choice, sentence length, tone and figurative language

48 Suspense The feeling of growing tension and excitement “Monkey’s Paw”

49 Theme The central underlying idea in a story or poem – what the writer notices about life Not a moral In “Lemon Brown,” the theme could be that everyone has a treasure.

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