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3.02D HTML Overview 3.02 Develop webpages.

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Presentation on theme: "3.02D HTML Overview 3.02 Develop webpages."— Presentation transcript:

1 3.02D HTML Overview 3.02 Develop webpages.
(Note to instructor: HTML tags are in red only to differentiate from regular text.)

2 HTML Tags Purpose of Tags:
Define and describe text, graphics, hypertext links, and other multimedia elements found on webpages Tell the browser how to display the document. By viewing the source code of a webpage, the user can see the HTML tags used to display the page. To view a webpage’s source code: In the browser window, Click on the View menu and choose Source.

3 Using HTML Tags An HTML tag begins with a < character and ends with a > character. Between these characters is the actual tag name, such as body or head. <body> is an example of a correct tag. Tags should appear in pairs, with an opening tag <html> and a closing tag </html>. The only difference between the opening and closing tag is the / used in the closing tag. Teacher Note: Exceptions – some tags are empty tags, meaning they do not have a closing tag, they only have an opening tag.

4 Using HTML Tags Text entered between the HTML tags is formatted with the code specified by those tags. Example: <h1>Welcome to my website!</h1> The browser will turn on formatting at heading level 1 to display the text and then turn it off at the end of that text. Note the source code showing the 6 levels of the heading tag.

5 HTML vs. XHTML W3C created XHTML as an extended version of HTML.
XHTML requires some modification of the old HTML standard. All tags must be in lowercase. All tags must have a closing tag. All tags must be properly nested. The <html> tag must be the root tag for every document. While many old browsers can display “old” HTML, newer ones rely on the current standard. Remember, web pages are accessed from desktop computers, mobile phones and handheld devices—all using a variety of browser technologies! Teacher Note: Empty tags should be closed in the opening tag by placing a space and forward slash before the closing angle bracket. Example: <br /> Examples of empty tags: <br>, <hr>, <img>, <meta>

6 Nesting HTML Tags Nesting refers to the order in which tags are opened and closed. Enter the closing tags in the reverse order from the opening tags. Closing tags in a different order than they were opened may keep the browser from displaying the page as intended by the author.

7 Adding Attributes to Tags
Attributes provide additional information about tags and control how the tag will be interpreted by the browser. Example: The anchor tag, <a>, defines an anchor that converts text or an image into a hyperlink. <a href=“ of North Carolina</a> href is the attribute instructing the browser to set the text between the anchor tags as a hyperlink to the specified web address.

8 Rules for Using Attributes
Attributes are entered inside the opening tag but not in the closing tag. Attributes are keyed in name/value pairs. Syntax: name=”value” The attribute should have an equal symbol followed by the value or setting for the attribute. Attribute values should be enclosed inside quotation marks.

9 Using Multiple Attributes
Example: <img src=“image.gif” alt=“smiley face image” /> Space once between multiple attributes. The source attribute tells the browser where the image is located. The alt attribute instructs the browser to display alternative text if the image file will not load. For a comprehensive list of tags and attributes visit

10 Creating and Saving HTML Files
Use any text editor to enter HTML code and create a web page. Save the file as an HTML file using .html as the extension. Many old browsers will display files with the .htm extension but the latest standard requires .html Launch a web browser and open the file to display the page. (Check the page out with several different browsers to see how each browser displays the HTML file.)

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