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1 ESA Report on ESA EO activities CEOS CONAE, WGISS Mar. 2005 I. Petiteville.

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Presentation on theme: "1 ESA Report on ESA EO activities CEOS CONAE, WGISS Mar. 2005 I. Petiteville."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 ESA Report on ESA EO activities CEOS CONAE, WGISS Mar. 2005 I. Petiteville

2 2 Agenda Oxygen Ground Segment Task Force Earth & Space week (Brussels) TIGER EDUSPACE EO Missions

3 3 Oxygen: Open and Operational Ground Segment

4 4 The need from the user view point Today >83% of the EO data users, access data from more than 1 instrument/satellite close to 90% require other auxiliary data (e.g. met. or ground truth data) to process/correct the satellite data 80% of the users continue I.e. have established interfaces, tools procedures Today a lot of missions, instruments, data, tools, information off-the shelf technology exists However no coherent access technically no common international policy for data access and use Everybody only knows parts ; Users know even smaller parts Services providers spend up to 40% of their time getting access to data rather than providing the services Demand Resources Access Service

5 5 Phase 1 (1980-1990) ESA to develop Europ. Technology for EO Data access Earthnet Programme Phase 2 (1990-2002) Large nationally funded infrastructure developments ESA to enable & support such national developments in the context of its and other individual missions Phase 3 (2003-2010) Develop global EO based service (independent of the space mission) Convert and tune infrastructure overcapacity to service needs Reach sustainability of services, benefits & budgets (existing operations to become more efficient) Benefit from now available off-the shelf technology (less development) Networking technologically and programmatically incl SMEs, contingency agreements among operators International EO standards Internationally agreed EO policy PDS technological evolution

6 6 Oxygen: Why and how 1.User need for coherent access 2.Financial evolution requires to increase cost efficiency Smaller programmes reduced budgets Attract transition from research to other funding 3.Technological evolution leading to new ground segment partners and layout Co-ordination between partners Standardization Reuse of already available infrastructure

7 7 Oxygen Objectives (1/2) Oxygen is a concept aimed at Facilitating access to EO data from ESA and other missions Increasing sustainability of EO data provision widening the range of offered data sources Making the operations of EO missions more efficient

8 8 Oxygen Objectives (2/2) Oxygen has started officially almost 2 years ago and is ongoing to enlarge the benefits of EO. It has been preceded by a series of precursor activities aiming at ease the users life: –harmonization of the user client interfaces (EOLI based) in a Multi-mission environment –Introduction of standard state of the art technology e.g. Web Mapping or access to MUIS catalogue using XML/SOAP

9 9 EOLI – ESAs Multimission EO Catalogue

10 10 Principles

11 11 Interoperability - harmonized data access SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE Help Desk Web Portal Catalogue Data Ordering User Services Mission Planning Quality Control CO-ORDINATION CENTRE Network Acquisition Monitoring & Control FACILITY Archive Production Dissemination

12 12 Mission independent and modular PDS harmonization –Detailed definition of open architecture –identification of generic-common elements, specific mission elements and define standard interfaces Evolution of existing system rather than new developments –Evolution of the common elements to integrate new missions Archives Monitoring & Control Data Management User Services I/F Products Packaging Networks Mission A B C D Specific to missions elements (Processors,Acquisition,Q/C,etc.) Examples of multimission common elements

13 13 Implementation Plan

14 14 1 st Phase (2003 – 2005) Analysis of existing infrastructure EO Web Portal for awareness of missions, user services, products, information and service providers Service Support Environment: for easing provision of Services by Service Providers Online Data Access: provision of online products and improve online exchange of data Archive rationalization: Ensure data Archives integrity and access for ESA and national missions support Harmonization of ground segments for current and future ESA missions –Archive and NRT Facilities Architecture –User Services and Order Handling

15 15 1 st Phase (2003 – 2005) Policy and Programmatic: –Enlargement of data sources through 3 rd parties cooperation –Data policy evolution: adjust ERS and Envisat data policy to internal cooperation requirements Integrating upcoming EO National projects in Europe –Feasibility assessment at political, technical and programmatic level (Terrasar- X, Radarsat-2, Cosmo, Pleiades) –Pilot activities for interoperability between catalogues, order and online distribution systems (standards in SOAP/XML)

16 16 2 nd Phase (2005-2006) Prepare the EO Data Access Component : –Define the interoperability Standards for the harmonized access to heterogeneous missions –Co-ordination with the major satellite owners / industry –integrate the national missions and other non-European missions to respond to user needs for access to maximum number of mission data Mission Planning Cooperation Tool (Charter) Harmonization of ESA Ground Segment –Processing support environment –Product Verification and Labelling system –Mission Planning Online access to archived data

17 17 Technical Projects

18 18 1) Oxygen eoPortal http://www.eoportal.org : The new eoPortal was created and opened in November 2003 to provide access to and promote European EO activities. provides access to web resources from ESA and other institutes re-uses all components of the INFEO initiative (JRC/CEO) and adds new features comprised of sub-sites to provide access to various data types directory of resources calendar maps catalogues services … directory maps … catalogues

19 19 2) Simple interoperable catalogues Principles –Based in XML/SOAP –Content of information minimized according to user needs On-going specifications –Catalogue access (available, pilot activities) –Order Handling (definition being finalized with CNES, DLR) Systems supporting the above protocols –MUIS / EOLI: ESA users services front-end –MASS / SSE: non-ESA providers integration platform

20 20 ADAR Ingestion ADAR Storage Products Metadata & browses ADAR Administration ADAR Consumer Access Archived products Queries & orders Output products Orders & metadata ADAR Data Management ADAR Data Management ADAR Order Processing Data Consumer Interactive User Services Data Producer 3) Multi-mission Facilities Infrastructure (OASI-based)

21 21 MMFI Schedule Implementation of the Facilities Open Multi-mission Infrastructure and evolution of existing missions –FEOMI KO in September 2004 –Migration plan toward open architecture: Envisat evolution: –ftp function (February 2005), –Archives evolution (November 2004-2005), Completion of ERS and TPM integration by end 2005 Completion of Archive management and rationalization (HARM) activities within beginning 2004, including European archive format implementation

22 22 4) Online Data Access Principles On-line Archive (MMFI - ADAR): Mass Storage Tape Libraries or on disk User data request via Internet bypassing manual validation (order or subscription) Product retrieval via Internet: –High speed Internet backbone (GEANT/NREN) for academic users –Commercial ISP augmented with load-balancing and re-routing COTS Product broadcast over DVB-Satellite Distribution Servers providing on-request and subscription data Electronic data distribution between GS Centers using High Speed Intranet (based on GEANT/NREN) Security Principles –Detect and avoid unauthorized use of EO data –Protection from malicious intrusion


24 24 Network HiSEEN: High Speed ESA EO Network 34 Mbps Network Based on the GEANT/NREN (Academic) Backbone –De-facto high end-to-end throughput availability –Cost effective solution Deployed in 9 of 11 centers Completion planned for January 2005, CNES in early 2005 On-line Data access available for beg 2005 GEANT DFN (DE) Neustrelitz (DLR) Oberpfaffenhofen (DLR) Uninet (NO) Tromsoe (KSAT) Svalbard (KSAT) Sunet (SE) Kiruna Salmijarvi (SSC) Esrange (SSC) GARR (IT) Matera (Asi, Telespazio) Frascati (ESA) Toulouse (CNES) Maspalomas (INSA) Farnborough (Infoterra) Renateur (FR) RedIris (ES) Ukerna (UK) Envisat, ERS-2, Cryosat Landsat, MODIS, SeaWiFS, NOAA, ALOS Future national missions (DLR, CNES)

25 25 Ground Segment Task Force Recommendations Extracted from Final Report

26 26 Comm. Public Science Comm. Access Non-European agencies ground segments GEOSS Access M & C Acquisition ESA Archive Production Tasking/Dissem Satellite/ Missions other European Mission ground segment Na t EO Data Access Integration Layer EUMETSAT In-situ Non-space systems Access Service Infrastructure and Support Vision on global GS context

27 27 Ground Segment Requirements Data handling –To task, acquire, archive, process up to the appropriate level, distribute and catalogue data of all past, present and future ESA missions on a long-term basis, and of third party missions according to the approved procedure. This requirement includes the provision of historical data in current formats through current distribution channels. –This may include higher-level processing and data assimilation where appropriate, as agreed on a case-by-case basis.' Data access –Provide easy and coherent access to all Earth Observation data from ESA and third party missions, and facilitate access to space borne Earth Observation data for European users. Product generation and delivery –Deliver standardized, calibrated and validated products. User and service support –Support equally any type of users: scientific, commercial and public services including security and defence, and provide a technical service support environment.

28 28 Ground Segment Requirements Interface to national and international missions –Be open to interface with national and international missions information –easy-to-access, coherent and open gateway to EO data Reusability –The elements and facilities of the ESA EO ground segment should be open and compatible for use by any ESA and other European missions. Efficiency –The Earth Observation ground segment must be operated and maintained in an efficient way, with respect to technical performance and costs. Reliability –Be highly reliable and sufficiently redundant, to avoid data loss and interruption of services. Evolution –Be open to evolve due to new user requirements and technological developments, allowing the easy replacement of technically obsolete or inefficient elements

29 29 Implementation Principles Mission independence Modularity Competition Coordination and cooperation.

30 30 GSTF Recommendations Define and promote building-block approach with well-defined and published external and internal interfaces for all components Put in place a Coordination Body capable to ensure: –technical and programmatic coordination –standardisation of all European activities concerning Earth Observation ground segment development and operation, taking account of standards where they exist.

31 31 GSTF Recommendations: ESA Define new mission independent and modular ground segment architecture for all new missions –Apply it in the early design phases –Revise ground segment budget arrangements –Immediately start to move to the new mission-independent scenario, reviewing: Oxygen initiative (Oxygen Phase 2) Earth Explorer ground segments and operations ENVISAT & ERS and 3rd party missions operations Apply new competitive approach for: –multi-mission operations support. –building-block development and evolution through framework contracts Ensure consistency across the Earth Observation ground segment activities of ESA and EC Modify 3rd party mission selection

32 32 Earth & Space Week Brussels

33 33 Events A number of events took place during Earth & Space Week. Most important ones are: –Third EO Summit –GEO-6 –International Conference on Cooperation in Space –Earth & Space Exhibition –Industry Summit

34 34 Major achievements of EO Summit Adoption of 10 Year Implementation Plan for GEOSS Ministerial Resolutions on 10 Year Plan and Tsunami

35 35 Next steps / GEO GEO now formally established (was ad-hoc GEO before); GEO-I meeting 2-4 May 2005 in Geneva Executive Committee established, details TBC at GEO-I GEO Secretariat formally established, hosted by WMO Geneva, approx. 10 staff after 2006; S&T Workgroup and User Interface WG established; details agreed at GEO-I Workplan 2006 preparation with ad-hoc team (3-4 experts), seconded by governments and organisations; starts work 1 April; Workplan 2006; Call for financial and in-kind support issued by GEO

36 36 TIGER


38 38 EDUSPACE "Eduspace, the ESA Multilingual Website on EO for Secondary Schools operational in six languages (English, French, Italian, German, Spanish and Danish). Powerful education tool and excellent communication mechanism to provide EO information and related internet links. Provides professors and students with: – EO material, discussion forum, helpdesk function, huge image databank of satellite images, interactivity with weather satellites image loops, library of study cases, generated also by professors, and a dedicated powerful image processing software, called LEOWorks (Learning with EO). Some 1500 schools have already registered from all over the world. Stand-alone versions on CD are distributed to schools with connectivity problems."

39 39 EO Missions Status

40 40 EO Missions handled by EOP 1977 Operated by Eumetsat Science Applications Services Meteo Envisat Metop-1, 2, 3 Meteosat Second Generation MSG-1, 2, 3 Transition M-7 Earth Explorers Earth Watch ERS 1, 2 Cryosat,SMOS GOCE,ADM Swarm Earthnet: European access to non-ESA missions (Landsat, SeaWifs, NOAA, JERS, MODIS, Alos, Proba, Bird, Scisat...) Europ. Users Operational M-4, 5, 6 GMES SE 2008 1991 TerraSAR Fuego GMES Sentinels Meteosat M-1, 2, 3

41 41 First Earth Explorer Opportunity Mission ESA Mission dedicated to measure changes in the thickness of Polar ice sheets and floating sea-ice CRYOSAT

42 42 First Earth Explorer Core Mission First ESA Mission dedicated to the exploration of the Earth Gravity Field Determination of the geoid with an accuracy of 1-2 cm at a resolution better than 100 km Gravity Field and Steady-State Ocean Circulation Explorer: GOCE

43 43 Atmospheric Dynamic Mission : AEOLUS Second Earth Explorer Core Mission Mission to measure global wind profiles 2m/s to 1 m/s (boundary layer) accuracy, 0.5 to 2 km vertical resolution

44 44 Second Earth Explorer Opportunity Mission First ESA Mission dedicated to the global measurement of soil moisture and ocean salinity Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity - SMOS

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