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The Peopling of the World, Prehistory–2500 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Human Origins in Africa 1 SECTION Humans Try to.

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Presentation on theme: "The Peopling of the World, Prehistory–2500 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Human Origins in Africa 1 SECTION Humans Try to."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Peopling of the World, Prehistory–2500 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Human Origins in Africa 1 SECTION Humans Try to Control Nature 2 SECTION Patterns of Change: Civilization 3 1 CHAPTER MAP GRAPH

2 HOME Chapter Overview Human beings first emerge in East Africa. As they evolve, they develop complex technology and spread over most of the world. In some areas, people develop agriculture and settled villages, some of which eventually grow into complex cities and develop the five traits of civilization. 1 CHAPTER The Peopling of the World, Prehistory–2500 B.C.

3 2600 B.C. City of Ur flourishes in Sumer. 2,500,000 B.C. Paleolithic Age begins. 1,600,000 B.C. Homo erectus appears. 40,000 B.C. Cro- Magnons appear. 1 CHAPTER Time Line 4,000,000 B.C B.C. HOME 3000 B.C. Bronze Age begins in Mesopotamia. The Peopling of the World, Prehistory–2500 B.C. 4,000,000 B.C. First hominids appear in Africa B.C. Neolithic Age begins; first agriculture takes place.

4 The first hominids emerge in East Africa about 3.6 million years ago. They gradually develop large brains and learn to make tools and use fire, which allows them to spread over the earth. Overview Assessment Key Idea Human Origins in Africa 1 HOME

5 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW Fossil evidence shows that the earliest humans originated in Africa. Early humans discoveries helped them survive, grow in numbers, and spread across the globe. Overview Human Origins in Africa 1 Assessment artifact culture hominid Paleolithic Age Neolithic Age technology Homo sapiens TERMS & NAMES HOME

6 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the advances, discoveries, and inventions of hominids. Human Origins in Africa 1 Section 1 Assessment continued... HOME AustralopithecinesHomo erectusNeanderthalsCro-Magnons Upright walking, opposable thumb Toolmaking, mastery of fire, language Burial rights, care of their disabled, building of shelters Advanced hunting and language skills

7 2. How do recent findings keep revising knowledge of the prehistoric past? THINK ABOUT Section Human Origins in Africa 1 1 Assessment modern scientific methods the way various species of hominids are classified dates relating to hominids ANSWER continued... By providing more accurate dates relating to when and where various hominids originated By providing scientific evidence supporting how hominids are classified into different species Possible Responses: HOME

8 3. Which of the following skills toolmaking, the use of fire, or the development of language do you think gave hominids the most control over their environment? Why? THINK ABOUT Section Human Origins in Africa 1 1 Assessment the kinds of tools early humans developed the various uses of fire the benefits of language ANSWER Toolmaking, because it enabled hominids to hunt game and build shelters. Fire, because it allowed hominids to survive in cold climates. Language, because it helped hominids coordinate hunts and other tasks. Possible Responses: HOME End of Section 1

9 People gradually give up hunting and gathering and learn to cultivate crops, domesticate animals, and live in settled villages. Some villages grow and prosper, developing complex social and economic systems that set the stage for the development of civilization. Overview Assessment Key Idea Humans Try to Control Nature 2 HOME GRAPH

10 Humans Try to Control Nature 2 The development of agriculture spurred an increase in population and the growth of a settled way of life. New methods for obtaining food and the development of technology laid the foundations for modern civilizations. Overview Assessment nomad hunter-gatherer Neolithic Revolution slash-and-burn farming domestication MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME GRAPH

11 Humans Try to Control Nature 2 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the effects of the development of agriculture. Section 2 Assessment continued... HOME Development of Agriculture More available food Rise in population New farming tools Emergence of farming villages More stable communities More cultural developments GRAPH

12 Humans Try to Control Nature 2 2. Why do you think the development of agriculture occurred around the same time in several different places? THINK ABOUT Section 2 Assessment the migrations of early peoples changes in the earths climate a rise in human population ANSWER HOME Global warming trends resulted in longer growing seasons; a rich supply of grain helped support a population boom. A rise in population placed pressure on hunter- gatherers, who had migrated throughout the world, to find new sources of food. Possible Responses: End of Section 2 GRAPH

13 Large cities develop well-defined social systems and powerful institutions. Eventually they develop the five characteristics of civilization. One of the first cities to develop civilization is Ur in Sumer. Overview Assessment Key Idea Civilization 3 HOME CASE STUDY: Ur in Sumer PATTERNS OF CHANGE MAP

14 Civilization 3 HOME CASE STUDY: Ur in Sumer PATTERNS OF CHANGE Prospering agricultural villages, food surpluses, and new technology led to the rise of civilizations. Contemporary civilizations share the same character- istics typical of ancient civilizations. Overview Assessment civilization specialization artisan institution scribe cuneiform Bronze Age barter ziggurat MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES MAP

15 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the five characteristics of civilization and give an example from Ur. continued... Civilization 3 HOME CASE STUDY: Ur in Sumer PATTERNS OF CHANGE MAP Example from UrCharacteristics of Civilization Advanced Cities Specialized Workers Complex Institutions Record Keeping Advanced Technology Urs population of about 30,000 people Traders, artisans, and scribes Religion under the authority of priests Cuneiform tablets Irrigation systems Section 3 Assessment

16 ANSWER Builders and engineers in Ur had the advanced technology to design a complex building. Religion played an important role in peoples lives. Ur was an advanced city. Possible Responses: 2. In what ways does the ziggurat of Ur reveal that Sumerians had developed an advanced civilization? THINK ABOUT the skills required to build the monument the various purposes of the ziggurat its location Civilization 3 HOME CASE STUDY: Ur in Sumer PATTERNS OF CHANGE End of Section 3 MAP Section 3 Assessment


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