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Contents A brief problem statement

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0 Enhanced Network Control Plane architectures supporting Cloud Computing applications: GMPLS+/PCE+
Nicola Ciulli Project Steering Committee On-demand Infrastructure Services Provisioning Workshop, OGF 28, Munich, Mar 15th2010

1 Contents A brief problem statement
NCP in the GEYSERS architectural layering NCP main challenges NCP major innovations Any-IT + Network Service concept Energy-efficiency Achieving the GMPLS+/PCE+ NCP Main work items Starting points of work Planned delivery of the major results Expected impact on SDOs

2 NCP problem statement Grids, cloud computing and SOAs at large rely on a vital commodity: the network An ever-increasing number of distributed [super-]computing applications Highly-demanding requirements for dynamicity and flexibility in Net + IT resource control (e.g. automated scaling up/down) …but their network service(s) still treated as “always-on” Application layer unable to exploit the automatic control potentialities of the current optical (and not-optical) network technologies IT resources dynamics completely uncorrelated from the network ones Common trend to over-provision network services  inefficient resource utilization in the network, above all in case of fault recovery

3 NCP problem statement (cont’d)
[DEMAND] More and more massive utilisation of these Net+IT services by end-users [OFFER] A rapid migration from telecommunication networks to global communication infrastructures Network infrastructure Computing/storage elements (IT) Software and tools to control, monitor and manage the Net+IT services Often virtually composed on top of incumbent providers … and with a “revolution” in actors’ roles and responsibilities along the value-chain Infrastructure providers, network operators, virtual network operators, Service/Content providers, Over the Top (OTTs), etc.

4 GEYSERS reference model
Roles Application Application Interface App/Service Providers GMPLS+/PCE+ Network Control Plane (Extended ASON/GMPLS and PCE Control Plane) (virtual) Network Operators Logical Infrastructure Composition Layer Explain all the concepts regarding diferent question: Partitioning, multiplexing, SLA, energy efficiency, LICL, GMPLS +, PCE +, a Holistic apporach that allow telco operators to go a to a new business model Network operators will not only operate networks, but IT reosurces, so they need from the integrated framework define storyboard (doc word) Answer most of the quesitons inderectly by using this picture define diferent types of users The novelty in the GEYSER architecture lies in the following two layers: the Logical Infrastructure Composition Layer (LICL) and the Network Control Plane (NCP) layer. Under this architecture, several independent logical infrastructures can co-exist; isolated, yet sharing the same physical layer. Logical Infrastructure Composition Layer: This layer allows/supports the partitioning of the physical infrastructure, including both Optical Network and IT resources. It utilizes a semantic resource description and information modelling mechanisms for hiding the technological details of the physical layer from network operators. Logical resources are represented seamlessly using a standard set of attributes which allows the Control Plane to overcome the network and technology segmentation. Partitioning provides a 1:N logical representation of a physical resource from one or multiple domains. The logical infrastructure layer allows for dynamic and consistent monitoring of the physical layer and binding/associating the right security and access control policies. Furthermore, this layer constitutes application specific logical infrastructures by interconnecting the logical resources based on applications’ requirements. Network Control Plane: This layer is proposed as an extension of ASON/GMPLS and PCE, both in terms of architectural elements and protocol objects/procedures. The NCP layer is responsible for mapping applications requirements and control/management of the logical infrastructure composed by the LICL, seen and controlled just as a physical infrastructure. Each logical infrastructure can include both network and IT resources, and is controlled by a single instance of an NCP. The NCP is in charge of dynamic provisioning, monitoring and recovery functions. The main targeted features of the NCP layer are listed in the related objective in the previous section; these technical objectives will drive the specification of the NCP architecture and its prototype development. As part of its architecture, GEYSER will define the workflow that provides full interoperability and interaction between infrastructure providers and network operators (with its application service requirements) for planning, provisioning and accessing network and IT resources. The GEYSER architecture is also backward compatible and it is able to interact with its standard neighbouring domains at two levels: Transit level: where the GEYSER Network Control Plane can interact with control and management of neighbouring domains to request or provide resources (e.g. transient bandwidth). Hybrid infrastructure level, where the GEYSER Logical Infrastructure Composition Layer can interact with its neighbouring infrastructure domains to compose a logical infrastructure with the help of neighbouring infrastructures in offering their resources as a service. Infrastructure Providers Network Infrastructure IT Infrastructure Resources IT: storage, computing IT: storage, computing optical infrastructure 4

5 NIPS: Network+IT Provisioning Service
Beyond a UNI, towards a App-to-Net i/f Generalized semantics to describe the functional characteristics of both IT sites and NEs (exported from LICL) i.e. resource types, capabilities and availabilities E.g. sites, attached services, capabilities and capacities of network, computing and storage elements, etc. also the non-functional service characteristics Workflow descriptions Interaction properties Service Level Agreements Pricing/charging models etc. a service that allows the provisioning of network and IT resources in a single-step, through a set of seamlessly integrated procedures

6 Planned features [1] Provide a single reference point for the Application layer (Network+IT Provisioning Service interface – NIPS) [downward] e2e dynamic (advance) reservations with differentiated service guarantees (QoS but also resiliency) on a per-user/service basis [upward] Reporting SLA fulfilment for subsequent workflow adjustments Capability of dynamic e2e resource composition of Net + IT resources “One-step” Net+IT resource reservation Scheduled/advance reservation (various degrees from fully distributed to centralized) Trusted mechanisms for accessing resources Coordinated recovery strategies for an overall service resiliency

7 Planned features [2] Supporting new connection paradigms, i.e. beyond p2p assisted unicast (i.e. network quotations about performance and prices of <src, dst> pairs) restricted anycast (i.e. with a set of equivalent dst in which NCP+ will pick the best one) full anycast (i.e. dst choice totally delegated to NCP) Coordinated service provisioning and maintenance through the LICL Dynamic provisioning, monitoring and recovery functions Logical infrastructure re-planning based on TE considerations, network & SLA fulfilment benchmarking Backward compatibility and interoperability with std GMPLS and PCE ASON/GMPLS (by ITU-T and IETF CCAMP WG) PCE (by IETF PCE WG) UNI and E-NNI interfaces (by OIF + possible influences from OGF NSI WG)

8 Reference deployment scenario
PCE+ protocol PCE+ protocol PCE x-NNI PCE+ NIPS UNI PCE+ x-NNI I-NNI NIPS UNI I-NNI I-NNI GMPLS+/PCE+ Region/Area GMPLS+/PCE+ Region/Area PCE+ protocol Standard GMPLS/PCE NCP (inner core) PCE+ x-NNI I-NNI GMPLS+/PCE+ NCP (outer core) GMPLS+/PCE+ Region/Area NIPS UNI

9 NCP major innovations AAA for net+IT provisioning services GEYSERS
enhanced NCP Application dynamics and granularity at the user-network interface (NIPS) Extended communication paradigms assisted unicast restricted anycast full anycast New service composition dynamics at the SOA layer BoD services planned + provisioned by the NCP but optionally hocked to the NMS decision flow Cross-layer service monitoring and escalation of recovery procedures Scheduled BoD services handled by the NCP in a distributed/federated way Energy-efficient network + IT resource routing and provisioning

10 Main work items for GMPLS+/PCE+
@Routing plane [GMPLS+/PCE+] Protocol extensions for Net+IT resource advertisements NIPS route computation Procedures for inter-domain NIPS routing @Signalling plane [GMPLS+] Protocol extensions for Net+IT resource reservations Procedures for seamless NIPS signalling Procedures for coordinated inter-layer recovery and escalations NIPS interface specification To let end-user apps or the brokering/scheduling entities on the Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) stimulate the GMPLS+ NCP

11 Reference specs and architectures
ASON/GMPLS core specs ITU-T SG15 work on ASON and Transport Ethernet OIF for ASON Network Interfaces (UNI, E-NNI sig+rout.) IEFT RFCs & I-Ds for signalling (G.RSVP-TE) routing (G.OSPF-TE) recovery mechanisms support for multiple switching technologies (MRN/MLN) PCE architecture and inter-PCE comms OASIS SOA application requirements and framework OGF: NSI, OCCI?

12 Expected impacts on SDOs
e.g. by contributing to NSI-WG Tentative ISOD WG

13 Nicola Ciulli, n.ciulli<at>
Thank you Any questions? Nicola Ciulli, n.ciulli<at> 13

14 Energy-data awareness and crunching
Energy efficient approach Logical Infrastructure Composition Layer Partitioning and Virtualization Statistically sharing of resources Resource usage optimization right-size infrastructure Energy-aware Scheduling Allocation Minimize the number of concurrent powered on resources power down unused infrastructure Extended Control Plane Energy-aware Routing (GMPLS+/PCE+) Power consumption ON + IT (metadata info) dissemination create awareness Energy efficient Routing and provisioning prefer energy efficient resources Promote Optical networking Considerable energy saving compare to IP routers traffic mapping on hybrid networks

15 Starting point of work: prototyping & testing
A number of existing platforms to be extended/used For GMPLS+/PCE+ (protocol stacks in Linux controllers) For std GMPLS/PCE (protocol stacks embedded in optical nodes) … and a solid R&D test-beds background from the team Telco SME: Nextworks (NCP WP Lead) Telco manufacturers: ADVA, Alcatel-Lucent Italy Pan-European Carriers: Interoute Service Providers: SAP AG Telecom Operators & NREN: Telefonica I+D, Polish PTT, PSNC Universities and Research Centers: i2CAT, Univ. Essex, Univ. Amsterdam, Athens Information Technology, Tech. Univ. Braunschweig, IBBT 15 15

16 Planned delivery of the major results
[Q1-2011] GMPLS+/PCE+ architecture (high/low level) [Q1-2012] First prototypes for testbed integration and validations [Q3-2012] Final prototype releases

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