Presentation on theme: "Alejandra Bonifaz Project Associate EDC/EQUIP3 Panel Discussion: Reducing Gender Violence December 7 th 2006 EFA Jamaica: A Cross-sectoral Approach Fostering."— Presentation transcript:
Alejandra Bonifaz Project Associate EDC/EQUIP3 Panel Discussion: Reducing Gender Violence December 7 th 2006 EFA Jamaica: A Cross-sectoral Approach Fostering Positive Gender Attitudes among Urban Young Men
Education for All (EFA) Youth Challenge Grant Program Analyze and strategically address youth basic education and livelihoods issues, & Build partnerships to address youth issues in an integrated and creative manner. Co-funding mechanism: EQUIP3 Youth Trust & USAID country Missions to: -Strengthening strategic & innovative projects. -Provide technical support to Missions and implementing partners.
EFA Projects: South Africa: Adapting a viable US youth-service model for a South African context to address employment, civic engagement, and education issues. *City Year (CY) /City Year South Africa (CYSoA) Uganda: Using sports as a convening mechanism for youth development, education & peace building *The Kids League (TKL) Jamaica: Using a holistic approach to address education and employment needs of young men in an urban setting with high rates of violence. *Peoples Action for Community Transformation (PACT).
EFA Jamaica: A Cross-sectoral Approach…
Increase participants: 1.Literacy and numeracy levels. 2.Understanding of their rights as citizens. 3.Self-esteem. 4.Positive attitudes, healthy lifestyles & behaviors. 5.Improve their employment prospects. EFA Jamaica aims to: Provide education Livelihoods training (aquatics, musicology, etc.) & placements. Conflict Resolution & violence mitigation sessions
EFA Jamaica addresses gender violence by recognizing that it… Cuts across various layers: Social and economic class, generations. Takes place in different ways: Physical, emotional/mental, sexual. Towards partners, cousins, mothers, in the street. Thus, it should be looked at in relation to other conflict-related issues (rather than in isolation) and it should be addressed holistically.
The 3 Es Approach: Fostering Positive Gender Attitudes Education Example Encouragement Particularly powerful among youth
Education Provide information, facts, sexual education, and education on male/female relationships to promote positive attitudes. Methods: Workshops: Human sexuality and gender equity. Sessions: Who Am I? What is my heritage? The Miracle of Life series: demonstrates how children are born and the respect that is due to women in particular.
Youth have limited access to positive role models. Expose youth to positive male role models: One-to-one male mentors, who are trained to provide a positive safety net for youth. Examples of men in public and private life. Male presenters for workshop sessions and motivational talks (intergenerational mix). Example
Provide youth with a supportive environment that allows them to reflect, discuss, and display positive behaviors. During sessions, youth: Engage in motivational talks: Macro & micro levels. E.g. male/female relationships. Prepare role plays and skits. Discuss and reflect their daily lives behavior. Encouragement
Main Challenge Cultural or Social norm Whats the big deal if I shout at you? How do you undo 20 years, during which youth have grown to accept certain negative behaviors as appropriate?
Experience so far… Constant attendance during weekly sessions. Youth are very open and honest during discussions, despite the size of the group. More positive and respectful language: song lyrics that use positive language instead of derogative speech, girl. Greater respect to one another as they discuss sensitive topics. Greater signs of positive leadership: correct and advise one another (e.g. discouraging to have many partners).
Learn from this panel discussion…. Questions / Comments?