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IT & Wireless Convergence © 2011 IBM Corporation Policy-based Management Technologies Seraphin B. Calo.

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Presentation on theme: "IT & Wireless Convergence © 2011 IBM Corporation Policy-based Management Technologies Seraphin B. Calo."— Presentation transcript:

1 IT & Wireless Convergence © 2011 IBM Corporation Policy-based Management Technologies Seraphin B. Calo

2 IT & Wireless Convergence © 2011 IBM Corporation 2 Policy-based Management Technologies Agenda Policy-based Management Watson Policy Management Library (WPML) Policy Enabled Systems –Policy Enabled Network Gateway –Gaian Database Policy Controlled Coalition Information Dissemination

3 IT & Wireless Convergence © 2011 IBM Corporation 3 Policy-based Management Technologies Self-Management A policy is a set of considerations designed to guide decisions on courses of actions. –Goal or guidelines: System Constraints –Configuration policies: (Conditioned) Attribute/Value pairs –Event Condition Action rule Policy Technologies are essential for self-management –Allow software to be adapted to different environments –Provide mechanism for responding to changing conditions –Capture constraints and best practices Policies Policy Decision Point Policy Enforcement Point Policy Management Tool Policies Actions Policy Repository Policies

4 © 2011 IBM Corporation 4 IT & Wireless Convergence Policy-based Management Technologies Imperius (Open Source) SPL Parser Evaluation Engine Template- based Editor Sensor Fabric (Policy Enabled) Policy Management Tool Watson Policy Management Library Library built on Open Source Policy Engine –Imperius – provides base set of functionality and object model Analysis –Examines policies for problems Transformation –Converts abstract representations of policies (i.e. excellent service) to concrete policies (i.e. bandwidth=100Mhz) Deployment –Send policies to Policy Decision Points –Sensor Fabric contains 1 or more PDP Decision Points –Registry of evaluation points –Stores policies –Provides policy decisions Repositories –Generalized storage model –Policies –Policy Evaluation Points … Extended Policy Capabilities & Components Policy Metadata Policy Templates Policy matching Repositories Deployment Discovery Evaluation Points Decision Points Transformation NL Editor Policy Analysis Syntax Conflict Dominance Coverage Gaian Database (Policy Enabled)

5 © 2011 IBM Corporation 5 IT & Wireless Convergence Policy-based Management Technologies Usable interface easily navigates users through phases of policy lifecycle: Authoring Analysis Negotiation Deployment Templates provide a structured policy language and yet a natural language feel Administration features: Template and attribute authoring User and group management Template Based Authoring

6 IT & Wireless Convergence © 2011 IBM Corporation 6 Policy-based Management Technologies Support for multiple concurrent sessions –Each session has a set of participating organizations Plug-in architecture to allow customization of each negotiation session with its own: –Negotiation goal (termination criteria) –One or more evaluation algorithms –Turn taking algorithm –Offer visibility choice –Negotiation procedure –Negotiation termination Offer Visibility Turn Taking Negotiation Session Manager Session 1 Offer Evaluation Negotiation Goal Negotiation Procedure Negotiation Termination Policy Negotiation System Multi-Party, Assisted Electronic Agreements

7 © 2011 IBM Corporation 7 IT & Wireless Convergence Policy-based Management Technologies 7ITA Peer Review, Sept CWP Policy Negotiation Tool –Guides process, incorporates real-time analysis and checks for convergence –Coalition members can negotiate common, optimized mission policies in real time –Demonstration for ISR Sensor Network Scenario Policy Negotiation System for Coalition Networks

8 © 2011 IBM Corporation 8 IT & Wireless Convergence Policy-based Management Technologies Protocol-Specific Proxy Bundle Policy-Enabled Network Gateway Authorization and Filtering –Fine-grain, application-level filtering & authorization –Data column or row hiding, value altering –Message rerouting, modification, etc. Pluggable protocol support on OSGi –Protocol/application-specific policies –OSGi: dynamic, modular, multi-protocol platform –Pluggable policy resource models –MQ, JDBC, SIP, … Policy Enforcement Point Coalition Interoperation PEG OSGi JDBCMQ … Resource Model Policy Repository PDP Inbound message Outbound message Protocol Parser

9 © 2011 IBM Corporation 9 IT & Wireless Convergence Policy-based Management Technologies Information Federation: GaianDB A distributed, federated database approach –Follows the Store Locally-Query Anywhere paradigm Queries are routed to all of the nodes –flood query, retrieving only the data required to satisfy a query Network of GaianDB nodes established using autonomic discovery of neighbours –configuration only required for data sources

10 Coalition Warfare Program Policy Controlled Coalition Information Dissemination Prepared by Tien Pham (ARL-SEDD) Graham Bent (IBM-UK) Seraphin Calo (IBM-US)

11 11 OSD Coalition Warfare Program COALITION WARFARE PROGRAM (CWP) Sponsor by OUSD(AT&L) to facilitate international cooperative technology development that enables more effective full-spectrum coalition operations CWP Requirement: International program agreement US COCOM support Equitable resourcing Excellent transition opportunities Leverage ITA research US-UK ITA program satisfies CWP requirements

12 12 ITA CWP Projects 1 st ITA-CWP Project: Sensor & Policy Software Tools & Protocols for Networking of Disparate ISR Assets FY09 & FY10 Support from military programs US: Empire Challenge, Networked UGS, UK: Network Emulator, Base Surveillance & Area OverWatch Technology demonstration at Empire Challenge 2010 Demonstrate interoperability of US, UK and coalition ISR assets persistent surveillance –US acoustic mortar detection system cueing surrogate UK imaging sensor Demonstrate use of policy for sensor data/information access and dissemination to KSAF and DDRE (US) networks 2 nd ITA-CWP Project: Policy Controlled Information Query & Dissemination FY11 & FY12 Technology implementation at the Intelligence Fusion Centre (in support of NATO) located at Molesworth RAF Enhance PED process for all-source analysts Demonstrate policy controlled distributed federation of disparate intelligent data sources from NATO

13 13 Coalition Problem Addressed Challenges A coalition partner may want to provide limited information to other partners A coalition partner may want to limit the type or nature of information its members receive from others Information access policies need to be supported transparently Burden of policy compliance ought to be shifted from the solider to the IT infrastructure Goal Demonstrate a system to allow information sharing across coalitions Move policy compliance burden to IT infrastructure away from individual Sharing Information among different Coalition Partners

14 14 ITA Gaian Database Concept Distributed formal policy based techniques are used to control access to data and the flow of data through the network. Each node implements policies that can be stored at any other node(s) in the network Policy Repository

15 Implementation of Watson Policy Management Library (WPML) in a Gaian Database Node // Define resource p of type Properties Import Class java.util.Properties:p; // Define a resource authorizer that is used to signal // false values to the requesting PEP Import Class com.ibm.watson.pml.policy.types.IAuthorizer:authorizer // If the given instance is not empty… Condition { p.size() > 1 } // Then signal the PEP to allow the action is controlling. Decision { authorizer.allow() }

16 Proposed Program – Year 1 Demonstration using IFC Data Set –Develop representative entity extraction rules and policies at Dstl (Porton Down) using existing distributed policy mechanism. –Demonstration at Dstl and ARL Demonstration on actual IFC systems –Configure demonstration system –Demonstration at IFC (November 2011) Enhanced distributed policy mechanisms –Investigate capabilities of new distributed policy mechanisms

17 Proposed Program – Year 2 Demonstration of enhanced policy mechanisms using IFC Data Set –Configure new policy mechanisms at Dstl (Porton Down) and IFC (April 2012) –Demonstration on actual IFC systems Demonstration across multi-agencies –Extend demonstration to multi agencies (e.g. IFC, NC3A) (Oct/November 2012)

18 IFC Demonstration – Phase 1 DS3 DS1 Policy Authoring Tool IFC Federation of structured and unstructured data sources with distributed coalition policy based access control and dissemination

19 Analyst queries for information from any node in the network – no policy applied With no policy applied – Find people named omar who are linked to any other person The result returns 11 matches from across the distributed databases

20 Policy Authoring Tool used to create new policy restricting access of all users to records derived from SIGINT sources

21 Tool used to deploy policy into network Policy tool used to deploy policy into local node policy database table – this is then read by all other nodes through Gaian Database and implemented at each node

22 Analyst queries for information - Policy restricting access to SIGINT sources only is now applied With policy applied – Find people named omar who are linked to any other person The result returns only 3 matches from across the distributed databases with SIGINT. NOTE: There have been no changes made to the underlying data sources

23 Analyst queries for additional information - Policy restricting access to SIGINT sources only is still applied With policy applied – Find telephone numbers linking named individuals and SigInt reports that describe the communication The result returns list of phone numbers and associated SIGINT reports from across the distributed data sources

24 Extending to other agencies – Phase 2 DS10 DS8 DS9 DS7 Policy Authoring Tool DS5 DS6 DS4 DS3 DS1 DS2 Policy Authoring Tool IFC NC3A ANOTHER Policy Authoring Tool

25 Research was sponsored by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory and the U.K. Ministry of Defence and was accomplished under Agreement Number W911NF The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the author(s) and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Army Research Laboratory, the U.S. Government, the U.K. Ministry of Defence or the U.K. Government. The U.S. and U.K. Governments are authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation hereon.. Contact Details & Disclaimer Contact Details: Dr Seraphin B. Calo Research Staff Member & Manager Policy Lifecycle Technologies IBM Research Division T. J. Watson Research Center 19 Skyline Drive, Hawthorne, NY Tel:

26 IT & Wireless Convergence © 2011 IBM Corporation END


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