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© 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Linda A. Jacobsen Director, Domestic Programs Population Reference Bureau 300 MILLION AND COUNTING Overview: Challenges.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Linda A. Jacobsen Director, Domestic Programs Population Reference Bureau 300 MILLION AND COUNTING Overview: Challenges."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Linda A. Jacobsen Director, Domestic Programs Population Reference Bureau 300 MILLION AND COUNTING Overview: Challenges and Prospects

2 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Sources: Major League Baseball, National Football League, National Basketball Association, and National Hockey League. There have been major changes in the location of U.S. teams in the major professional sports leagues in

3 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Note: New Orleans and Oklahoma City share an NBA franchise. Sources: Major League Baseball, National Football League, National Basketball Association, and National Hockey League.... To their present location.

4 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU The U.S. population has increased by 78 million since 1970, and is projected to reach 420 million by Population in millions Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

5 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Households have grown faster than population in every decade since Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

6 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Fewer households have married couples with children. Percent distribution of U.S. households, by type Source: U.S. Census Bureau. HOUSEHOLD TYPE Married couples with children3922 Married couples without children3128 Single parents with children610 Other family67 Living alone1827 Other nonfamily26

7 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1970 Census of Population and 2005 population estimates. Since 1970, U.S. population growth has been unevenly distributed, with growth in the South and West, and loss in much of the Great Plains.

8 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Population will continue to be more concentrated in the South and West. Percent of total population Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

9 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Half of the population lives in the suburbs of metropolitan areas. Percent of population in metropolitan areas Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

10 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Children will still outnumber the elderly through Percent of total U.S. population by age Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

11 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU The U.S. population is projected to reach majority minority soon after Percent of total U.S. population by race/ethnicity Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

12 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU By 2030, half of all children will be members of a racial or ethnic minority. Percent of children younger than age 18 Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

13 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU But, almost three-fourths of the elderly will still be non-Hispanic whites in Percent of population ages 65 and over Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

14 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU The number of foreign-born has reached an all-time high, but the percent foreign-born is lower than it was in Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

15 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Percent of immigrants admitted to the United States Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics, 2004 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (2005). The largest share of immigrants to the U.S. still comes from Latin America, but the share coming from Asia has increased substantially since the 1960s.

16 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 decennial census. In 1990, almost half of all U.S. counties had less than 1% foreign- born, and only one-tenth had 5% or more.

17 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 decennial census. By 2000, only one-fourth of U.S. counties had less than 1% foreign- born, and one in five had 5% or more.

18 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU These changes in the size, composition, and location of the population pose significant challenges for the U.S. Environment –Land –Water –Energy –Air Education system Healthcare system Political system

19 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. population trends since 1970 have translated into greater political power for the South and West.

20 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Since 1974, poverty rates for children have exceeded those for older Americans. Percent living in poverty Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Surveys.

21 © 2006 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Decreases in the rates of child poverty have not closed the gap between minority and white children. Percent living in poverty Sources: Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, and U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Surveys.


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