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POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU | www.prb.org 2009 World Population Data Sheet As World Population Approaches 7 Billion, the Youth Population Is More and More.

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Presentation on theme: "POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU | www.prb.org 2009 World Population Data Sheet As World Population Approaches 7 Billion, the Youth Population Is More and More."— Presentation transcript:

1 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU | World Population Data Sheet As World Population Approaches 7 Billion, the Youth Population Is More and More Concentrated in Africa and Asia. PRESENTATIONS BY CARL HAUB, LINDA JACOBSEN, AND JAMES GRIBBLE AUGUST 2009

2 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision. World Population Growth Is Almost Entirely Concentrated in the World's Poorer Countries. World Population (in Billions):

3 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2009 World Population Data Sheet. The Worlds Youth Population Will Become More Concentrated in Africa and Asia. Population Ages by World Region: 1950 and

4 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision. More Developed Countries Have Fewer Young People Relative to Elderly. Population by Age and Sex, More Developed Countries: 2009

5 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision. Less Developed Countries Have Far More Young People Relative to Elderly. Population by Age and Sex, Less Developed Countries: 2009

6 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Sources: (United States) Ansley Coale and Melvin Zelnik (1963); and National Center for Health Statistics. (Bangladesh) United Nations; Demographic and Health Surveys; and other surveys To Slow Population Growth, Developing Countries Fertility Decline Must Be Rapid. Average Lifetime Births per Woman:

7 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Sources: Carl Haub and Douglas W. Heisler, 1980 World Population Data Sheet; and Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2009 World Population Data Sheet. From 1980 to Today, There Has Been Very Little Change in Africas Population Under 15. Percent of Population Under Age 15: 1980 and Western Africa4644 Middle Africa4345 Eastern Africa4644 Northern Africa4433 Southern Africa4233 India4132 China3219

8 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2009 World Population Data Sheet. Africas Population of 1 Billion Is Projected to Grow Rapidly Through 2050.

9 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2009 World Population Data Sheet. The Differences Between Developed and Developing Countries Can Be Stark. KEY DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORSCANADAUGANDA 2009 Population34 million31 million 2050 Population (Projected)42 million96 million Percent of Population Below Age 1517%49% Percent of Population Age 65 and Older14%3% Percent of Population Ages 15 to 2413%20% Annual Births371, million Lifetime Births per Woman Annual Infant Deaths1,900110,000 Life Expectancy at Birth78 years50 years

10 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Population by Age and Sex, United States: 2008 Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau. The U.S. Has a Younger Age Structure Than Other Developed Countries.

11 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Population by Age and Sex, United States: 2030 (Projected) Todays Youth Will Be in the Prime Working Ages in Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau.

12 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau. High School Dropout Rates Are Declining, but Remain Higher Among Hispanic Youth. Percent High School Dropouts (Ages 16-24), United States:

13 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 American Community Survey. College Enrollment Is Lower Among Black and Hispanic Youth. Enrollment and Employment Status of Persons Ages 18-24, United States: 2007

14 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Sources: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision; and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. The Birth Rate Among U.S. Teenagers Is Twice the Average for all Developed Countries. Births per 1,000 Females Ages 15-19

15 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Birth Rates Remain Much Higher Among Black and Hispanic Teens. Births per 1,000 Females Ages 15-19, United States:

16 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. *Non-Hispanic. Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau. By 2030, More Than Half of all Youth Will Be Members of a Racial or Ethnic Minority. Percent of Youth Ages 15-24, United States: 2008, 2030, and 2050

17 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau. In One-Third of U.S. Counties, at Least 25 Percent of Children Live in Poverty.

18 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. The Diversity of Youth Mali ZambiaPeru 12.7 million 6.0 children per woman 31% urban 12.2 million 6.2 children per woman 37% urban 27.9 million 2.6 children per woman 76% urban

19 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision. Perus Population Structure Is in Transition. Population by Age and Sex, Peru: 2006

20 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Well educated. Young marriage is infrequent. Few have children as teens. Desired family size2 children. Young Women in Peru Have Options.

21 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Young Women in Peru Face Other Issues. Teen childbearing more common in rural areas. Poverty and childbearing. Unsafe abortion and maternal death.

22 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision. Zambias Population Structure Is Youthful. Population by Age and Sex, Zambia: 2006

23 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Young Women in Zambia Have Fewer Opportunities. Less access to education. Marriage more frequent. More children during teen years. Desired family size 4 children.

24 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Young Women in Zambia Face Other Challenges. Physical and sexual violence common. Spousal abuse accepted. High HIV prevalence.

25 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision. Mali Has a Very Young Population. Population by Age and Sex, Mali: 2006

26 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Being a Young Woman in Mali Is Difficult. Marriage common by age 15. Early childbearing. Desired family size6 children.

27 © 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. Young Women in Mali Face Many Challenges. Low school attendance. Spousal abuse accepted. Female genital cutting common.

28 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU | World Population Data Sheet As World Population Approaches 7 Billion, the Youth Population Is More and More Concentrated in Africa and Asia. PRESENTATIONS BY CARL HAUB, LINDA JACOBSEN, AND JAMES GRIBBLE AUGUST 2009


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