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1 Implementing Early Insurance Reforms in States State Strategies for Implementation November 12, 2010 Stacey Pogue, Senior Policy Analyst,

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Presentation on theme: "1 Implementing Early Insurance Reforms in States State Strategies for Implementation November 12, 2010 Stacey Pogue, Senior Policy Analyst,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Implementing Early Insurance Reforms in States State Strategies for Implementation November 12, 2010 Stacey Pogue, Senior Policy Analyst, Center for Public Policy Priorities 900 Lydia Street - Austin, Texas (512) –

2 Can your state enforce ACA early insurance reforms now, or must it pass conforming state laws? 2

3 3 Survey on State Authority Does state have authority to: enforce immediate ACA reforms in federal law? enforce changes in policy form ? to investigate ACA complaints? to conduct market conduct exams regarding failure to comply? Does state have resources for enforcement? NAIC compilation: _state_enforcement_authority.pdf _state_enforcement_authority.pdf

4 4 Authority to Enforce Federal Law CT: Yes, CT does not believe it needs to adopt the federal laws to be able to enforce them, but can use general power of commissioner. AK: No specific authority to enforce federal laws. Have successfully required insures to comply with federal laws by questioning compliance in the form review process.

5 Policy Form Approval/Denial: AL: No, but we will review forms for compliance and request companies to make any changes required by ACA Investigate Complaints: MT: Yes, we will investigate complaints about ACA provisions and advise companies if out of compliance. But cant take legal action without state law 5 Other Authority

6 Considerations Many states with general authority to enforce indicated interest in legislation to give DOI clear authority to enforce ACA. – General authority to regulate insurers – General authority for rulemaking – General authority to act in best interest of consumers Political considerations of enforcing under general authority Sufficient resources/staff needed for enforcement 6

7 NAIC Model Laws Provide drafting help to states for issues that are priorities across states. Help ensure consistency across states. 2 bites at the apple. 7

8 Model Laws for Early ACA Reforms Utilization Review (existing model) Grievance Procedure (existing model) Under 19 Preexisting Condition Exclusions Dependent Coverage to Age 26 Lifetime and Annual Limits Rescission Choice of Health Care Professional Preventive Services 8 Appeals

9 Model Laws for Early ACA Reforms NAIC starting point: Consumer rep goal: Models consistent with ACA, federal regulations, and federal guidance. Identify any remaining consumer concerns. At a minimum, introduce drafting notes to highlight concerns/options for states. 9

10 General Notes on Ability To Go Beyond ACA Drafting Note: The Affordable Care Acts preemption standards permit states to impose more stringent consumer protection requirements. States may have additional consumer protections in their laws or regulations related to [rescissions of coverage determinations, dependent coverage beyond age 26, etc.] 10

11 Annual and Lifetime Limits Drafting note: Consistent with federal rule, the model law makes a person in a group health plan eligible for reenrollment if they had reached prior lifetime limit, even if not currently in the plan. In the individual market, states can provide for reinstatement in the same or substantially similar plan when policy has been dropped. 11

12 Dependent Coverage to 26 Drafting note: Model does not define dependent child. States define it differently. The intent of ACA is to require the availability of dependent coverage to age 26 and that coverage cannot be conditioned based on certain dependency factors, support, residency, student status, or marital status. Asked for broad definition including step kids, adopted and foster kids, kids raise by legal guardians or other relative, and kids of domestic partners enrolled in plan. 12

13 No Pre-ex for Children Drafting note: States have options to reduce adverse selection due to enrollment of children with pre-existing conditions: – Permit insurers to have open enrollment periods – Require one or more open enrollment periods – Establish qualifying events like group market, ex: employer termination of a contribution for dependent coverage – Year-round guaranteed issue 13

14 Grievance/Utilization Review (Appeals) Drafting note: States may need to revise statute on notices to consumers to provide contact information of new ACA ombudsmans offices that help with appeals. In model: notices must be provided in a culturally and linguistically appropriate manner consistent with federal law. 14

15 Rescission In model: notice of rescission must have reason, why act is fraud or intentional, and date coverage is rescinded back to. Not in model: consumer have the right to external review of rescission (goes beyond federal regulations). 15

16 NAIC Model Laws Goal to finish by end of year. Drafts posted now at Regulatory Framework (B) Task Force page: When finished, likely posted at NAIC central site for ACA work: 16

17 Strategy for State Advocates Identify areas where additional consumer protections are possible Meet with insurance department Have legislators introduce model law with your changes Pursue amendments 17

18 18 Use of This Presentation The Center for Public Policy Priorities encourages you to reproduce and distribute these slides, which were developed for use in making public presentations. If you reproduce these slides, please give appropriate credit to CPPP. The data presented here may become outdated. For the most recent information or to sign up for our free Updates, visit © CPPP Center for Public Policy Priorities 900 Lydia Street Austin, TX P 512/ F 512/


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