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A Competency Based Osteopathic Internship Bruce Dubin, DO The Edward Via – Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine.

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Presentation on theme: "A Competency Based Osteopathic Internship Bruce Dubin, DO The Edward Via – Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Competency Based Osteopathic Internship Bruce Dubin, DO The Edward Via – Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine

2 Interns Study basic areas of: Internal Medicine Surgery Obstetrics Pediatrics Family Practice Emergency Medicine

3 Model Rotating Osteopathic Internship No less than two months of exposure in general internal medicine One month exposure in emergency medicine One month in family practice

4 Progression has been time based

5 Interns Do not progress at the Same Rate The schedule expects/requires everyone to move at the same rate Tends to be teacher centered

6 Performance Restraints of time Measures are frequently pre and then post-rotation Individual assistance in problem areas is minimized

7 Time based education is an ineffective and inefficient system when the goal is to train individuals to perform specific, job related skills

8 Pilot Training

9 Competent Clinician One who is able to perform clinical skills to a satisfactory standard

10 Competency Based Training

11 CBT The unit of progression is mastery of specific knowledge and skills to a specific standard

12 Two Key Components of CBT

13 Skill A task or group of tasks performed to a specific level of proficiency which use motor functions and typically require manipulation of instruments and equipment 1. Central Line, ABG 2. Counseling

14 Competency A skill performed to a specific standard and under specific conditions

15 CBT Competencies to be achieved are carefully: 1. Identified 2. V erified 3. M ade public in advance

16 CBT Assessment criteria are: 1. Explicitly stated 2. Made public in advance

17 CBT Instructional program provides for individual development and evaluation of each of the competencies specified.

18 CBT Actual performance of the competency as the primary source of evidence is required (t ake into account knowledge and attitude of participant)

19 CBT Participants progress through the instructional program at their own rate by demonstrating the attainment of the specified competencies

20 Characteristics of a CBT Curriculum

21 1. Competencies are carefully selected 2. Essential knowledge is learned to support skill performance 3. Detailed training materials are keyed to the competencies to be achieved and are designed to support the acquisition of knowledge and skills

22 Characteristics of a CBT Curriculum 4. Premise that all participants can master the required knowledge or skill, provided sufficient time and appropriate training methods are used. 5. Knowledge and skills are assessed as interns enter a program and those with satisfactory knowledge and skills may bypass training or competencies already attained.

23 Characteristics of a CBT Curriculum 6. Learning should be self paced 7. Use flexible training methods 1. Large and small group activities 2. Individual study components 8. Use a variety of support materials 1. Print 2. Audiovisual 3. Simulations

24 Characteristics of a CBT Curriculum 9. Satisfactory completion of training is based on achievement of all specified competencies

25 Advantages of CBT 1. Achieve competencies required in clinical job performance 2. Build confidence as success is demonstrated and measured in mastering specific competencies 3. Interns receive a transcript or list of competencies achieved

26 Advantages of CBT 4. More efficient use of training time 5. Trainer is a facilitator of learning rather than a provider of information 6. More time devoted to interns individually or in small groups 7. More time devoted to evaluation and an individuals ability to perform essential job skills

27 Disadvantages of CBT 1. Need to train the trainers (tendency to teach as we were taught). 2. CBT is only as effective as the process used to identify competencies

28 CBT A course may be called CBT, but unless specific CBT materials and training approaches are designed and used, it is unlikely that the resulting course will be truly competency-based.

29 Use of Models and Simulations

30 The Cave at Virginia Tech

31 The Cave

32 Student Inside a DNA Molecule

33 Suturing inside the Cave

34 Laser Surgery

35 Its All About Education

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