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UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL Southampton Oceanography Centre How to make your research more visible: the Open Archive.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL Southampton Oceanography Centre How to make your research more visible: the Open Archive."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL Southampton Oceanography Centre How to make your research more visible: the Open Archive Initiative and Repositories Pauline Simpson Southampton Oceanography Centre, UK VLIZ Young Scientists Day Brugge 25 Feb 2005

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3 Southampton Oceanography Centre SOC is one of the worlds leading centres for research and education in marine and earth sciences, for the development of marine technology and for the provision of large scale infrastructure and support for the marine research community University of Southampton Research-led multidisciplinary university: 20,000 students 5000 staff (2000 researchers)

4 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Routemap to research visibility Guide us through : Guide us through : –Scholarly Communication –Open Access –Open Archives Initiative –Repositories – institutional, subject, national –What IRs can do for you

5 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Crisis in Scholarly Communication journals are the primary research publication channel journals are the primary research publication channel journal publishing is dominated by commercial ventures journal publishing is dominated by commercial ventures –A vicious circle : Researchers write papers for journals (free or page charges!) Researchers write papers for journals (free or page charges!) Researchers transfer copyright to publishers (free) Researchers transfer copyright to publishers (free) Researchers on Editorial Board (free) Researchers on Editorial Board (free) Researchers review papers (free) Researchers review papers (free)BUT Libraries pay huge subscriptions to publishers to access the paper and universities pay more than once: subscription, photocopying license and for study packs Libraries pay huge subscriptions to publishers to access the paper and universities pay more than once: subscription, photocopying license and for study packs Or possibly they cannot afford the subscription Or possibly they cannot afford the subscription

6 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 The Global Journals Problem The Global Journals Problem Dissatisfaction with the current scholarly communication model Dissatisfaction with the current scholarly communication model Even the wealthiest institution cannot purchase access to all the information that all of its researchers require Even the wealthiest institution cannot purchase access to all the information that all of its researchers require Site-licenses and consortia deals have helped, but mainly in the richest countries Site-licenses and consortia deals have helped, but mainly in the richest countries Many commercial publishers charge extra for online access – so causing more pressure on budgets Many commercial publishers charge extra for online access – so causing more pressure on budgets

7 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 PROJECTED PERIODICAL PRICE INCREASES TO 2020 (Blixrud 2002) 1774 % Journal price inflation+291% Retail price index + 70% Journal price inflation+291% Retail price index + 70%

8 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 The Situation Today – Dissatisfaction at All Levels Authors Authors –Their work is not seen by all their peers – they do not get the recognition they desire –Despite the fact they often have to pay page charges, colour figure charges, reprint charges, etc. –Often the rights they have given up in exchange for publication mean there are things that they cannot do with their own work

9 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 The Situation Today – Dissatisfaction at All Levels Authors Authors –Their work is not seen by all their peers – they do not get the recognition they desire –Despite the fact they often have to pay page charges, colour figure charges, reprint charges, etc. –Often the rights they have given up in exchange for publication mean there are things that they cannot do with their own work Readers Readers –They cannot view all the research literature they need – they are less effective

10 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 The Situation Today – Dissatisfaction at All Levels Authors Authors –Their work is not seen by all their peers – they do not get the recognition they desire –Despite the fact they often have to pay page charges, colour figure charges, reprint charges, etc. –Often the rights they have given up in exchange for publication mean there are things that they cannot do with their own work Readers Readers –They cannot view all the research literature they need – they are less effective Libraries – – Cannot satisfy the information needs of their users

11 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 The Situation Today – Dissatisfaction at All Levels Authors Authors –Their work is not seen by all their peers – they do not get the recognition they desire –Despite the fact they often have to pay page charges, colour figure charges, reprint charges, etc. –Often the rights they have given up in exchange for publication mean there are things that they cannot do with their own work Readers Readers –They cannot view all the research literature they need – they are less effective Libraries – – Cannot satisfy the information needs of their users Society Society – –We all lose out if the communication channels are not optimal.

12 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Solution - Alter the research landscape 2 complementary routes to Open Access to Research freely accessible, more visible, freely accessible, more visible, immediately available, free at the point of use immediately available, free at the point of use Open access publishing Open access publishing –model – author pays = OA –no payment = subscription Open access repositories (open archives) Open access repositories (open archives) –Author deposit of full text of articles, conference papers, reports, theses, learning objects, multimedia etc. - Scoped by need – –Journal articles = post refereed pre-published version deposited in IRs or subject based repositories

13 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Open Access What is it? – –Call for free, unrestricted access on the public internet to the literature that scholars give to the world without expectation of payment. Why? – –Widen dissemination, accelerate research, enrich education, share learning among rich & poor nations, enhance return on taxpayer investment in research. How? – – Use existing funds to pay for dissemination, not access.

14 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Open Access – Appealing to All the Major Stakeholders To the funders of researcher – both as a public service and as an increased return on their investment in research To the authors – as it gives wider dissemination and impact To readers – as it gives them access to all primary literature, making the most important research tool more powerful To editors and reviewers – as they feel their work is more valued To the libraries – as it allows them to meet the information needs of their users To the institutions – as it increases their presence and prestige To small and society publishers – as it gives them a survival strategy and fits with their central remit

15 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Open Access – increasing high level support Political Interest: – – UK Science and Technology Committee Inquiry: Scientific Publications: Free for all? 2004 Recommended that UK funding bodies should: Require that authors deposit a copy of their articles in their institutions repository within one month of publication. Review copyright and, provided it does not have a negative impact make it a condition of grant that authors retain copyright in their papers. Should provide as part of research grants monies to allow payment of charges for publication in Open Access journals.

16 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Open Access – increasing high level support Political Interest: US Congress working with National Institutes of Health (NIH) to develop new access policy Copies of all papers reporting research funded by NIH will be deposited in PubMed Central with six months of publication Approximately 60,000 papers each year will freely available as a result of this policy NIH to produce final plan by 1 December 2004 Sabo – Public Access to Science Act – high promise but did follow through

17 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Open Access – increasing high level support Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Developments Declaration on Access to Research Data from Public Funding – …an optimum international exchange of data, information and knowledge contributes decisively to the advancement of scientific research and innovation and …open access will maximise the value derived from public investment in data collection efforts.

18 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Open access – increasing high level support Funding Body Interest: Howard Hughes in US Andrew Mellon in US - $7 million Wellcome Trust in UK Research Councils UK Berlin Declaration in Support of Open Access 2003 Germany: Fraunhofer Society, Wissenschaftsrat, HRK, Max Planck Society, Leibniz Association, Helmholtz Association, German Research Foundation, Deutscher Bibliotheksverband France: CNRS, INSERM Austria: FWF Der Wissenschaftsfonds Belgium: Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek – Vlaanderen) Greece: National Hellenic Research Foundation

19 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Growing support - Declarations on Open Access The IFLA Statement on Open Access to Scholarly Literature and Research Documentation The IFLA Statement on Open Access to Scholarly Literature and Research Documentation Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (Max Planck) Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (Max Planck) Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing Buenos Aires Buenos Aires British Columbia British Columbia Scotland Scotland Budapest Open Access Initiative 2002 (Soros Open Society) Budapest Open Access Initiative 2002 (Soros Open Society) Timeline of the Open Access Movement Timeline of the Open Access Movement

20 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Budapest Open Access Initiative 2002 Budapest Open Access Initiative 2002 Two complementary strategies: Self-Archiving: Scholars should be able to deposit their refereed journal articles in open electronic archives which conform to Open Archives Initiative standards Open-Access Journals: Journals will not charge subscriptions or fees for online access. Instead, they should look to other sources to fund peer-review and publication (e.g., publication charges) Open Society Institute (George Soros) offered funding to achieve this

21 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Open Access Publishing – making the transition A number of traditional publishers are transforming their closed access journals into open access journals: – –Proceedings of the National Academy of Science – –Oxford University Press – –Company of Biologists – – American Physiological Society – – Entomological Society of America – – Journal of Experimental Botany – – American Society of Limnology and Oceanography

22 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 The power of open access - journals Limnology and Oceanography, published by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography Uses hybrid model to offer authors the chance to purchase open access Open Access papers published in 2003 have been downloaded 2.8 times more often than non-open access papers For papers published in 2002, the difference increases to 3.4 times greater downloads for open access papers

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24 Theory Into Practice - Open Access Journals PLoS Biology (launched October 2003) and PLoS Medicine (launched October 2004) BioMed Central (published papers) New Journal of Physics Indian Academy of Sciences has made their 11 journals available free online Lund Directory of Open Access Journals (http://www.doaj.org/) – over 1450 peer reviewed open access journals

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27 European Geophysical Union – open access convert Geophysical Research Abstracts (open access) Geophysical Research Abstracts (open access) Geophysical Research Abstracts Geophysical Research Abstracts Advances in Geosciences (open-access) Advances in Geosciences (open-access) Advances in Geosciences Advances in Geosciences Annales Geophysicae (open-access after 1 year) Annales Geophysicae (open-access after 1 year) Annales Geophysicae Annales Geophysicae Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics (open-access) Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics (open-access) Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Biogeosciences (open-access) Biogeosciences (open-access) Biogeosciences Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (open-access) Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (open-access) Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (open-access) Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (open-access) Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (open-access) Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (open-access) Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics NEW - Ocean Science (open-access) NEW - Ocean Science (open-access) Ocean ScienceOcean Science (open-access = free-of-charge, online access of any article immediately after its publication on www ) (open-access = free-of-charge, online access of any article immediately after its publication on www )

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29 The alternative : Institutional Repositories (Open archives, e-Print archives) What are the essential elements? Institutionally, subject or nationally defined: Content generated by community Scholarly content:, published articles, books, book sections, preprints and working papers, conference papers, enduring teaching materials, student theses, data-sets, etc. Cumulative & perpetual: preserve ongoing access to material Interoperable & open access: free, online, global

30 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Discipline based repositories Early e-Print services subject based and hosted by a single institution. Rely on distributed researchers remotely depositing their papers using the self archiving protocol Early e-Print services subject based and hosted by a single institution. Rely on distributed researchers remotely depositing their papers using the self archiving protocol ArXiv (Los Alamos now at Cornell) (1991) set up by Paul Ginsparg and Richard Luce for high energy physics community ( now physics (incl Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, Math, Computing Science and nonlinear science). ArXiv (Los Alamos now at Cornell) (1991) set up by Paul Ginsparg and Richard Luce for high energy physics community ( now physics (incl Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, Math, Computing Science and nonlinear science). Despite success of Los Alamos – varying success by other subject communities - RePec, Cogprints, Chemistry Preprints Server, Mathematics, etc Despite success of Los Alamos – varying success by other subject communities - RePec, Cogprints, Chemistry Preprints Server, Mathematics, etc

31 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Institutional e-Print archives (Repositories) Complementary model - e-Print archives based on research output from one institution. Offering both self archiving and mediated archiving to researchers Complementary model - e-Print archives based on research output from one institution. Offering both self archiving and mediated archiving to researchers Institutions can provide the supporting technical, organisational and cultural infrastructure Institutions can provide the supporting technical, organisational and cultural infrastructure Direct interest in exposing their research output Direct interest in exposing their research output Promote the institutions research profile Promote the institutions research profile

32 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 National Repositories Harvesting individual Repositories Harvesting individual Repositories (ePrints UK) (ePrints UK) Maintained as one central repository Maintained as one central repository (ODINPubAfrica = National repository for the ocean data and information community in Africa https://doclib.luc.ac.be/odin ) (ODINPubAfrica = National repository for the ocean data and information community in Africa https://doclib.luc.ac.be/odin ) Possibility for Belgium ?

33 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Repositories (e-Print archives) Electronic depository of e-Prints, usually internet based for free access and dissemination Electronic depository of e-Prints, usually internet based for free access and dissemination Establishment of Institutional and discipline based archives that allow public access to content and employ the Open Archive Initiative Metadata Harvesting Protocol Establishment of Institutional and discipline based archives that allow public access to content and employ the Open Archive Initiative Metadata Harvesting Protocol OAI compliant e-Print archives share the same metadata tags making their contents interoperable OAI compliant e-Print archives share the same metadata tags making their contents interoperable

34 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Open Archive Initiative Supported by Digital Library Federation & NSF Supported by Digital Library Federation & NSF Roots in an effort to enhance access to e-Print archives as a means of increasing availability of scholarly communication Roots in an effort to enhance access to e-Print archives as a means of increasing availability of scholarly communication OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol (V.2) which creates potential for interoperability between Repsitories by enabling metadata from a number of archives to be collected together in a searchable database. OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol (V.2) which creates potential for interoperability between Repsitories by enabling metadata from a number of archives to be collected together in a searchable database.

35 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 OAI- Metadata Harvesting Protocol Creates conditions for making global distributed repositories interoperable. Creates conditions for making global distributed repositories interoperable. Potential for a cross searchable global virtual research archive in which papers are easily retrievable wherever they are located. Potential for a cross searchable global virtual research archive in which papers are easily retrievable wherever they are located.

36 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Open Archives Open Archives Author Open Repositories Value-added Services Reader Institutional Servers Disciplinary Servers Journals (e.g., PLoS model) Interoperability Standards Workflow Applications Integrated scholarly communities Search tools

37 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Truly global movement -early Institutional Repositories Australian National University Australian National University Hong Kong University Hong Kong University Humboldt University in Berlin Humboldt University in Berlin Utrecht, Lund, Utrecht, Lund, MIT. CalTech, Library of Congress MIT. CalTech, Library of Congress UK – Glasgow, Nottingham, Edinburgh, Southampton, Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol ….. UK – Glasgow, Nottingham, Edinburgh, Southampton, Oxford, Cambridge, Bristol …..

38 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Institutional Repositories : what to deposit Reprints are published papers, usually in paper copy deposited in Libraries for centuries. Reprints are published papers, usually in paper copy deposited in Libraries for centuries. e-Prints are electronic copies of any research output (journal article, book; book chapter, conference paper, monogrqph, report etc.) e-Prints are electronic copies of any research output (journal article, book; book chapter, conference paper, monogrqph, report etc.) – preprints – unpublished papers before they are refereed – postprints – papers after they have been refereed pre journal version pre journal version – NOT journal pdf

39 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Pre-prints: Many publishers do permit authors to make the pre- prints version of the article available in repositories. By this they are referring to the pre-refereed version. Post Print – post refereed, pre journal version – some 65% of publishers will allow the text of article as published to be included in institutional repositories, but not in the form of the formatted PDF file that appears in the journal. Publisher PDFs : A very few publishers prefer the final journal PDF version to be used, as this is a clear indication that an article in a repository is the bona fide version. Personal or departmental web sites: Many publishers will permit authors to make their articles available on a personal web site or on a departmental site. By permitting this they are making a clear distinction between this type of web pages and institutional repositories. The fact that the full text of the article can easily be found using search engines regardless of whether it is available in a repository on a personal web site within the individual organisation domain is immaterial.

40 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Why institutional repositories? For the Individual Provide a central archive of their work Increase the dissemination and impact of their research Acts as a full CV and research reporting tool For the Institution Increases visibility and prestige Acts as an advertisement to funding sources, potential new faculty and students, etc. For Society Provide access to the worlds research Ensures long-term preservation of institutes academic output

41 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Benefits of an Institutional Repository Provides Institutional information asset management Current research, but also grey literature Defines Institutional sources of research Identifies Institutions value to funding sources Raises the profile of the Institution Institutional research more visible, more impact and available in electronic form – cited more (Lawrence: Nature) Contributes to national and global initiatives which will ensure an international audience for Institutions latest research. (Other universities are developing their own archives which, together, will be searchable by global search tools)

42 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Addressing authors concerns Work load – (central bureacracy, new systems to learn (change overload), file format conversion) Work load – (central bureacracy, new systems to learn (change overload), file format conversion) –Assisted submission – the library will do it! (medium term) Quality control – loss of peer review. Quality control – loss of peer review. Authors continue to submit articles to high impact traditional journals and also contribute to e-print archives Authors continue to submit articles to high impact traditional journals and also contribute to e-print archives Undermining the status quo Undermining the status quo –Some editors paid by publishers –Reputations made within the present system –Dislike of anti-publisher stance –Self archive complements status quo

43 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Addressing authors concerns Visibility – compared with web pages Visibility – compared with web pages – Global search engines now index - Google and Google Scholar Ingelfinger rule - prior publication Ingelfinger rule - prior publication – Publishers gradually changing (AGU) Authentication – probity (Life Sciences) Authentication – probity (Life Sciences) – Document and depositor Preservation Preservation – Implicit, Secure storage, migration Copyright! Copyright!

44 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 IPR particularly Copyright Traditionally authors sign over copyright, whether they own it or not! Traditionally authors sign over copyright, whether they own it or not! Who owns the copyright on your authored works? Who owns the copyright on your authored works? As a guide traditional copyright agreements have not allowed authors to: As a guide traditional copyright agreements have not allowed authors to: –Reuse an article as a chapter in a book –Revise or adapt an article –Distribute an article to colleagues –Reproduce copies of an article for teaching purposes –Self archive/make available an article in an repository –But now 70% of publishers allow deposit in institutional repositories

45 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Copyright Agreements Most publishers will be willing to discuss copyright agreements with authors. Obviously they may simply refuse to publish an article if an author is unwilling to sign a copyright agreement as it stands. However, publishers may be willing to accept a license that you have amended. They may also be willing to accept an alternative agreement. A number of publishers are now starting to offer "License to publish" agreements as an alternative to "Copyright Transfer" agreements, and often these are more liberal and may permit authors to deposit their papers in institutional repositories. For example: Licence to Publish Agreement by Wiley

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47 Authors can annotate Authors can add text to Copyright Forms : "I hereby transfer to [publisher or journal] all rights to sell or lease the text (on paper and online) of my paper [paper title]. I retain only the right to distribute it free for scholarly/scientific purposes, in particular the right to self- archive it publicly online on the Web." Often the publisher accepts the text or returns a license to publish form

48 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Publishers Copyright Policies – sources to check Publishers Copyright policies database Publishers Copyright policies database Publishers who permit self archiving – dynamic search Publishers who permit self archiving – dynamic search Journals Copyright Policies Journals Copyright Policies

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51 Copyright – what should authors do? –Place articles with open access publishers –Negotiate agreement with publisher to retain e-Print right –Deposit postprint (pre journal version in archive

52 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Intellectual Property Rights Property that derives from the work of the mind or intellect; An idea, invention, trade secret, process, program, data, formula, patent, copyright, or trademark or application, right, or registration relating thereto Intellectual property, very broadly, means the legal rights which result from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields. Countries have laws to protect intellectual property for two main reasons. One is to give statutory expression to the moral and economic rights of creators in their creations and the rights of the public in access to those creations. The second is to promote, as a deliberate act of Government policy, creativity and the dissemination and application of its results and to encourage fair trading which would contribute to economic and social development. Generally speaking, intellectual property law aims at safeguarding creators and other producers of intellectual goods and services by granting them certain time-limited rights to control the use made of those productions. Those rights do not apply to the physical object in which the creation may be embodied but instead to the intellectual creation as such. Intellectual property is traditionally divided into two branches, industrial property and copyright.

53 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Why contribute your work? To make your research more visible and available in electronic form To promote your work and that of other academics within your community To use it as a secure store for your research publications - which can help you to respond to the many requests for full text and publication data To contribute to national and global initiatives which will ensure an international audience for your latest research (other universities are developing their own archives which, together, will be searchable by global search tools)

54 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Benefits for the researcher Wide dissemination Wide dissemination –papers more visible –cited more Rapid dissemination Rapid dissemination Ease of access Ease of access Cross-searchable Cross-searchable Value added services Value added services –hit counts on papers –personalised publications lists –citation analyses lowering impact barriers lowering access barriers

55 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Raising the profile…. Articles freely available online are more highly cited. For greater impact and faster scientific progress, authors and publishers should aim to make research easy to access Articles freely available online are more highly cited. For greater impact and faster scientific progress, authors and publishers should aim to make research easy to access Nature, Volume 411, Number 6837, p. 521, 2001 Steve Lawrence Online or Invisible? Nature, Volume 411, Number 6837, p. 521, 2001 Steve Lawrence Online or Invisible?

56 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 arXiv daily usage

57 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Other benefits For the institution For the institution –raising profile and prestige of institution –managing institutional information assets –accreditation / performance management e.g. RAE –long-term cost savings by central recording For the research community For the research community –frees up the communication process –avoids unnecessary duplication

58 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 At the University of Southampton the record and full text in the Institutional Repository is used in various ways ….. At the University of Southampton the record and full text in the Institutional Repository is used in various ways ….. To make research more visible an to save researchers time To make research more visible an to save researchers time

59 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Real benefit of adding a link to your web page – auto update

60 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Secure storage and visibility – branding for a research group

61 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Advertising research – RSS feed to web site

62 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Screen at entrance - Is my paper there?

63 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Hot off the screen!

64 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Linking to bookseller – search inside bonus

65 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Interdisciplinary research – enter once only

66 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Benefit of high profile - indexed by web engines Google and Google Scholar ………..

67 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Global open archive search – OAIster

68 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Statistics – most downloaded

69 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Information space - a national vision: e-Prints + data + e-learning End of the journey? When data and documents will be linked and easily accessible They will be an integral part of the academic work space just as the World Wide Web is today But the Web will acquire meaning and become the Semantic Web Open Archive protocols and metadata standards are a part of this journey

70 VLIZ Young Scientists Day 25 Feb 2005 Make your research global !


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