Presentation on theme: "In search of sustainable governance models for port cities: possibilities and constraints at the programme level APICE FINAL CONFERENCE VENICE 8/11/2012."— Presentation transcript:
In search of sustainable governance models for port cities: possibilities and constraints at the programme level APICE FINAL CONFERENCE VENICE 8/11/2012
MED coastal areas: context and vulnerabilities -46,000km long coastline (42% of which in islands) -The number of cities of over 10,000 inhabitants located along the coast has practically doubled within half a century, from 318 in 1950 to 584 in 1995. -By 2025, the population of coastal cities would reach 90 million, that is 20 million additional city dwellers with respect to 2000, at an increase rate of 1% per year (Plan Bleu, 2007). -Natural vulnerability of coastal zone is hampered by the concentration of people and activities on the coastal zone human activities (maritime, transport, fishery, tourism) that leads to an artificial land cover of the natural environment) and creating specific risks.
Climate Change Vulnerability Index (Source: Eurostat, JRC, DG REGIO)
MED coastal areas: context and vulnerabilities -The effect of human concentration in coastal areas associated to the change of climate patterns increase the exposure of these areas to ever more important risks. Consequences may include: -Impacts on maritime transport and related infrastructure; -The loss of beaches, estimated about 15 Km 2 /year at European level, threatening tourism activities and ecosystems balance; -Damage to human health as consequence of the disappearing of half of Europe’s coastal wetlands and more directly by events of coastal erosion or flooding.
EU and programme approach -Integrated Maritime Policy for the European Union -Communication “Towards an Integrated Maritime Policy for better governance in the Mediterranean” -The Commission showed the willingness to provide a web- based inventory of ICZM tools, best practices and case studies, support the development of the knowledge-base on ICZM in the Mediterranean, with particular focus on international co-operation, and test possibilities for strengthening the land-sea interface, in particular linking up terrestrial and maritime planning. -Sustainable Urban Model, with the holistic approach (CAT- MED project) -Malaga Charter -Sustainable Mediterranean Metropolis Platform (just started)
programme approach -4 projects on “integrated management of coastal areas” -7 projects on “ports” -7 projects on “territorial management” 2 clusters: -Cluster on Policies for Sustainable Urban Model in the Mediterranean Area -Cluster of Governance and Adaptation Policies in Coastal Mediterranean Zone
programme approach The contribution of the MED projects in two clusters: coastal areas the strengthening of capacities of target groups (mainly public authorities) through the definition of tools and methods for the improvement of public planning and policy making in coastal Mediterranean zones, and port cities in particular. urban sustainability interplay of territorial actions on the configuration of the city combined with environmental and landscaping elements as well as the optimal management of natural resources, while promoting social cohesion and civic participation
few examples of projects and outputs PROJECTOUTPUT /RESULT COASTANCE Flood hazard maps and beach defense planning; Guidelines for Environmental Impacts focused on coastal protection works and plans MAREMEDRisk Map for Coastal Flat and Erosion PORTAGuidelines for integrated Action Plan APICELocal Adaptation Plans TEENERGYGuide Line for Energy Efficient School Buildings MEIDGuideline for Green Industrial Buildings MAIRE (Strategic project) Mediterranean Building Energy Efficiency Platform ELIHMED (Strategic project) Guideline on cost-effective refurbishment solutions in Med LIH Guideline on innovative financings Guideline on energy efficiency policies in LIH CATMED Transnational Indicator system (social economic; environmental; social; territorial) PORTAGuidelines for integrated action plans (ports/hinterland)
programme approach Projects’ deliverables can be regrouped in: -Tools for improving trans-national data management -Tools for risks prevention -Tools for achieving sustainable development in public planning and policy making -Sustainable Urban Models and tools
what next? -Take advantage of clusters, strategic and capitalization projects to share results and mainstreaming; -Advance to integrated spatial tools; -Consider the results of current projects to feed the discussions on the next programme characteristics; -On the table: how can/will the urban policies and challenges be addressed in the next programming period?
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