Presentation on theme: "How to Become An Intelligent Cultural Learner?"— Presentation transcript:
1How to Become An Intelligent Cultural Learner? Michael Goh, Ph.D.Associate ProfessorComparative and International Development EducationDepartment of Organizational Leadership, Policy, and DevelopmentCollege of Education and Human DevelopmentUniversity of Minnesota
2“The world is a book, of which those who stay in one place read only one page” St. Augustine
3U-Curve Model of Cultural Adjustment Lysgaard, S. (1955) U-Curve Model of Cultural Adjustment Lysgaard, S. (1955). Adjustment in a foreign society: Norwegian Fulbright Scholars visiting the United States. International Social Science Bulletin, 7,Everything is OKEverything is beautifulEverything is awful(Culture Shock)
4Cultural Adjustment Curve immigration (re-entry)Level of Comfort and Satisfactionemigration (entry)Surface adjustmentEverything is new,exciting & differentAdaptation/assimilationFrustration/annoyancewith everyday differencesConfronting deepercultural/personalissuesTime and Place
5“认识你自己,是一切智慧的开端” “Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.” Aristotle“认识你自己,是一切智慧的开端”
7Culture American Psychological Association (2002) Culture American Psychological Association (2002). Guidelines for Multicultural Education and Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists. Washington, DC: Author.The belief systems and value orientations that influence customs, norms, practices, and social institutions, including psychological processes (language, care taking practices, media, educational systems) and organizations; Fiske, Kitayama, Markus, & Nisbett, 1998).Culture is fluid and dynamic, and that there are both cultural universal phenomena as well as culturally specific or relative constructs.
15Paul Little: Know Why You Believe Is Christianity Rational?Is There a God?Is Christ God?Did Christ Rise from the Dead?Is the Bible God’s Word?Are Bible Documents Reliable?Does Archaeology Verify What the Bible Says?Are Miracles Possible?Do Science and ChristianityAgree?Why Does God Allow Suffering and Evil?Does Christianity Differ From Other World Religions?
16Other Resources Ravi Zacharias: Jesus Among Other Gods Greg Boyd: Letters From A SkepticFrank Morison: Who Moved the Stone?Fritz Ridenour: So What’s the Difference?Josh McDowellEvidence That Demands A Verdict Volumes 1 & 2More Than A CarpenterReasons Skeptics Should Consider Christianity (with Don Stewart)
18Francis A. SchaefferThe God Who Is There: The Book That Makes Sense Out of your WorldEscape from ReasonHe is There and He is Not Silent
19Discussion QuestionsWhat can I do to maximize my cultural learning while in the United States?What can I do to maximize my cultural learning about my international visitors?Am I interested in learning about Christianity or other religions as part of my cultural learning?Can I be a Christian and culturally intelligent at the same time?
20Thank you for listening and my very best wishes for your academic, professional AND personal journey