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How to Become An Intelligent Cultural Learner? Michael Goh, Ph.D. Associate Professor Comparative and International Development Education Department of.

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Presentation on theme: "How to Become An Intelligent Cultural Learner? Michael Goh, Ph.D. Associate Professor Comparative and International Development Education Department of."— Presentation transcript:

1 How to Become An Intelligent Cultural Learner? Michael Goh, Ph.D. Associate Professor Comparative and International Development Education Department of Organizational Leadership, Policy, and Development College of Education and Human Development University of Minnesota

2 The world is a book, of which those who stay in one place read only one page St. Augustine

3 U-Curve Model of Cultural Adjustment Lysgaard, S. (1955). Adjustment in a foreign society: Norwegian Fulbright Scholars visiting the United States. International Social Science Bulletin, 7, Everything is beautiful Everything is awful (Culture Shock) (Culture Shock) Everything is OK

4 Cultural Adjustment Curve Everything is new, exciting & different Frustration/annoyance with everyday differences Surface adjustment Confronting deeper cultural/personal issues Adaptation/assimilation Level of Comfort and Satisfaction

5 Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom. Aristotle,

6 HUMAN NATURE CULTURE Cultural Artifacts/Systems Cultural Values and Assumptions INDIVIDUAL PERSONALITY ©

7 7 Culture American Psychological Association (2002). Guidelines for Multicultural Education and Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists. Washington, DC: Author. The belief systems and value orientations that influence customs, norms, practices, and social institutions, including psychological processes (language, care taking practices, media, educational systems) and organizations; Fiske, Kitayama, Markus, & Nisbett, 1998). Culture is fluid and dynamic, and that there are both cultural universal phenomena as well as culturally specific or relative constructs.

8 CULTURAL INTELLIGENCE (CQ) © 2010 Cultural Intelligence Center, LLC

9 Almost 90% of leading executives surveyed from 68 countries designated cross-cultural leadership as the top management challenge for the next century (Livermore, 2010). © 2010 Cultural Intelligence Center,

10 Cultural Intelligence Quotient (CQ) The capability to function effectively across various cultural contexts (national, ethnic, organizational, gender, class, generational, etc.). --Soon Ang and Linn Van Dyne, Conceptualization of Cultural Intelligence in Handbook of Cultural Intelligence: Theory, Measurement, and Applications (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2008), 3. ©

11 1. CQ DRIVE 2. CQ KNOWLEDGE 3. CQ STRATEGY 4. CQ ACTION CQ as a 4-step Cycle Whats my motivation for this assignment? What cultural understanding do I need? Whats my plan? How should I adapt? © 2010 Cultural Intelligence Center, ©

12 1. CQ DRIVE 2. CQ KNOWLEDGE 3. CQ STRATEGY 4. CQ ACTION Multiple facets of CQ Intrinsic Extrinsic Self-Efficacy Business Cultural Values Socio-Linguistics Leadership Awareness Planning Checking Nonverbal Verbal Speech Acts © 2010 Cultural Intelligence Center, ©

13 Chinese Character for LISTEN

14 CQ Knowledge Our level of understanding about cultural issues CQ DRIVE CQ KNOWLEDGE © Food Values Classroom Culture Language Religions Traditions

15 Paul Little: Know Why You Believe Is Christianity Rational? Is There a God? Is Christ God? Did Christ Rise from the Dead? Is the Bible Gods Word? Are Bible Documents Reliable? Does Archaeology Verify What the Bible Says? Are Miracles Possible? Do Science and ChristianityAgree? Why Does God Allow Suffering and Evil? Does Christianity Differ From Other World Religions?

16 Other Resources Ravi Zacharias: Jesus Among Other Gods Greg Boyd: Letters From A Skeptic Frank Morison: Who Moved the Stone? Fritz Ridenour: So Whats the Difference? Josh McDowell –Evidence That Demands A Verdict Volumes 1 & 2 –More Than A Carpenter –Reasons Skeptics Should Consider Christianity (with Don Stewart)

17 Charles W. Colson

18 Francis A. Schaeffer The God Who Is There: The Book That Makes Sense Out of your World Escape from Reason He is There and He is Not Silent

19 Discussion Questions What can I do to maximize my cultural learning while in the United States? What can I do to maximize my cultural learning about my international visitors? Am I interested in learning about Christianity or other religions as part of my cultural learning? Can I be a Christian and culturally intelligent at the same time?

20 AND personal journey Thank you for listening and my very best wishes for your academic, professional AND personal journey


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