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Talking about likes & dislikes When we talk in Spanish about activities we like and dislike, we can use the verb GUSTA.

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Presentation on theme: "Talking about likes & dislikes When we talk in Spanish about activities we like and dislike, we can use the verb GUSTA."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Talking about likes & dislikes When we talk in Spanish about activities we like and dislike, we can use the verb GUSTA.

3 Why is this verb special? Compare these pairs of sentences: –I like to swim/Me gusta nadar. –You like to swim/Te gusta nadar. –She likes to swim/Le gusta nadar.

4 Whats happening here? Note that the verb does not change for different persons: –Me gusta nadar. –Te gusta nadar. –Le gusta nadar. What does change is the person who is affected (i.e., the person who likes).

5 !!sdrawkcab knihT The subject of the sentence in Spanish is the object in English. It is literally translated as Swimming is pleasing to me/you/her. But we rarely express likes in this fashion in English. When you want to talk about likes in Spanish, THINK BACKWARDS – the Spanish subject is the English object and the English object is the Spanish subject.

6 Say what? I like reading. –I is the subject and reading is the object in this English sentence. Me gusta leer. –Leer is the subject and me is the object in the equivalent Spanish sentence.

7 In other words… … what changes in Spanish is the person affected: me, you, him, her, it, us, them: –Me gusta estudiar español. –Te gusta estudiar español. –Le gusta estudiar español. –Nos gusta estudiar español. –Les gusta estudiar español.

8 … and… The verb GUSTA does not change when its subject is another verb (always the –r, or infinitive, form): –Me gusta escuchar música. –Le gusta trabajar. –No nos gusta estudiar. –Me gusta caminar y correr.

9 Whos who? The object forms – called indirect objects – are: –Me > me –Te > you –Le > him, her, Ud. –Nos > us –Les > them, Uds.

10 Lets practice! Talk about your own likes and dislikes with regard to these activities: –estudiar español –leer novelas –escuchar música clásica –mirar la televisión

11 What did you decide? Did you say something like… –Me gusta estudiar español. –Me gusta leer novelas. –Me gusta escuchar música clásica. –Me gusta mirar la televisión. To express dislikes, simply put no in front of the object: –No me gusta estudiar español. –No me gusta leer novelas. –No me gusta escuchar música clásica. –No me gusta mirar la televisión.

12 A little variety… Change the sentences to talk about other peoples likes. –(YOU) estudiar español –(SHE) leer novelas –(WE) escuchar música clásica –(THEY) mirar la televisión

13 Check your answers! (YOU): Te gusta estudiar español. (SHE): Le gusta leer novelas. (WE): Nos gusta escuchar música clásica. (THEY): Les gusta mirar la televisión.

14 Thats a wrap! Later on well see how we can talk about liking (and disliking) things instead of activities. Stay tuned!


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