Presentation on theme: "Doc.: IEEE 802.15-05-0340-00-004a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 1 Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks."— Presentation transcript:
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 1 Project: IEEE P Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) Submission Title: [Spreading sequences properties] Date Submitted: [7 June, 2005] Source: [Michael Mc Laughlin] Company [Decawave Ltd.] Address [25 Meadowfield, Sandyford, Dublin 18, Ireland] Voice:[ ], FAX: [Whats a FAX?], Re: [ a.] Abstract:[Discusses the desirable properties of spreading sequences] Purpose:[To promote discussion in a.] Notice:This document has been prepared to assist the IEEE P It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. Release:The contributor acknowledges and accepts that this contribution becomes the property of IEEE and may be made publicly available by P
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 2 Spreading sequences: Desirable properties
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 3 Five KEY properties Sequence Length Pulse Repetition Frequency Autocorrelation properties –Periodic autocorrelation (Channel sounding) –Aperiodic autocorrelation (Data mode) Spectral peak to average ratio (SPAR) –FCC requirements Temporal peak to average ratio (TPAR) –Power supply requirements
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 4 Periodic Autocorrelation (1) For channel sounding, a repeated sequence is appropriate. => Periodic autocorrelation function is the important property for a channel sounding sequence Ipatov ternary sequences have perfect periodic autocorrelation. i.e. the periodic autocorrelation function is a single pulse at one sample period and zero everywhere else. m-sequences have ideal periodic autocorrelation, i.e. their autocorrelation function is N (the sequence length) at one sample period and -1 everywhere else.
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 5 Periodic Autocorrelation (2) This means that the output of a correlator operating on repeated Ipatov Transmitted sequences is EXACTLY, the channel impulse repeated, plus noise. The output of a correlator operating on a repeated m-sequence is CLOSE TO the channel impulse response + noise.
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 6 Example Correlator Outputs
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 7 Aperiodic Autocorrelation For transmitting data, aperiodic autocorrelation function (AACF) is appropriate. –Previous and next sequences may not be the same. –Good AACF means low ISI –Golay Merit Factor (GMF) is a common measure of goodness of AACF. (Golay 1977)
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 8 Golay Merit Factor GMF is defined as where ac is the aperiodic auto correlation function of a length n sequence The average GMF of binary sequences is 1.0 Best known GMF for binary sequences is for the Barker 13 sequence, next is 12.1 for the Barker 11 sequence. GMF greater than 6 is rare
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 9 Spectral Peak to Average ratio (SPAR) In absence of ITU recommendations, use the FCC requirements. Spectrum measured in 1MHz frequency bins for 1ms intervals. Need Low SPAR. SPAR in dBs converts to power backoff required.
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 10 Temporal Peak to Average Ratio Need low TPAR, otherwise need high voltage power supply. Best GMF (Infinite) is a single impulse. Implulse has 0dB SPAR TPAR of Impulse is worst Need to balance sequence length and PRF to get a good SPAR and a good TPAR.
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 11 Example sequences One of the Ipatov length 57 sequences: –GMF is 3.75 A Length 63 m sequence : –GMF is 3.52 Both of these sequences, if transmitted repeatedly back to back, have a completely flat spectrum Can be used for data because good periodic ACF means GMF is also quite good. –Still, it could be better. Ipatov sequences are available at the following lengths: 7,13,21,31,57,73,91,133,183,273,307,381,553,651,757,871,99 3,1057,1407,1723
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 12 Sequence length and PRF If sequence is repeated, spectral lines spaced at the 1/sequence length apart. Want these to be < 1MHz apart for FCC compliance and low SPAR Needs to be longer than Channel Impulse Response –e.g. CM8 has significant energy to ~850ns. For a 1000ns duration sequence, a length 553 Ipatov requires ~10 times lower TPAR than length 57, but ~10 times larger PRF.
doc.: IEEE a Submission June, 2005 Mc Laughlin, DecawaveSlide 13 TG4a CM8 Magnitudes