A Proposal for beam steering antennas consideration in n AWD.
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ProjectIEEE 802.16 Broadband Wireless Access Working Group http://ieee802.org/16 TitleA Proposal for beam steering antennas consideration in 802.16n AWD Date Submitted2011-03-15 Source(s)David Hayes (Plasma Antennas), Djamal Eddine Meddour (Orange Labs), Bruno Selva (Thales Communications), E-mail: dh@PlasmaAntennas.comdh@PlasmaAntennas.com email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Re:Call for contributions for the 802.16n Amendment Working Draft AbstractThis documents propose to include smart antenna technologies in 802.16n for a better network reliability and robustness PurposeTo be discussed and adapted by TGn for draft 802.16n AWD Notice This document does not represent the agreed views of the IEEE 802.16 Working Group or any of its subgroups. It represents only the views of the participants listed in the Source(s) field above. It is offered as a basis for discussion. It is not binding on the contributor(s), who reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. Copyright Policy The contributor is familiar with the IEEE-SA Copyright Policy. Patent Policy The contributor is familiar with the IEEE-SA Patent Policy and Procedures: and.http://standards.ieee.org/guides/bylaws/sect6-7.html#6http://standards.ieee.org/guides/opman/sect6.html#6.3 Further information is located at and.http://standards.ieee.org/board/pat/pat-material.htmlhttp://standards.ieee.org/board/pat
A Proposal for beam steering antennas consideration in 802.16n AWD
Introduction This proposal focuses on the capabilities of smart beam-steering antennas (SBSAs) in the context of extending IEEE802.16n. SBSAs are defined as antennas are able to form narrow directional beams that can be electronically steered towards an intended target SBSAs may include selectable nulling capabilities (i.e. the ability to generate well-formed beam patterns that include deep nulls adjacent to the main beam) and multi-lobed patterns, where it may be desirable to cover only selected areas
General Advantages of Smart Beam-Steering Antennas SBSAs provide the following advantages: Relative to omni-directional and/or sectoral antennas: –Higher levels of gain, leading to enhanced link budgets (higher data rates and/or increased range) –Narrow beams and low sidelobes, mean that SBSAs suppress both co-network and cross-network interference. Relative to high-gain directional antennas: –SBSAs can be steered in any direction at high speeds and in real time (Allow network reconfiguration and fast and easy link establishment)
Higher Reliability using SBSAs Given, for example, a natural disaster or a deliberate attack, SBSAs can allow : – graceful network degradation to occur through network re-configuration, –continued functionality of the unaffected regions of the network, –a degree of network recovery by resource reallocation should backbone connections be lost (dynamic self-healing). –Nomadic nodes incorporating SBSAs can rapidly discover adjacent network nodes, enabling new network infra-structure to be deployed quickly and so fill any network gaps created by the disabled infrastructure. –Furthermore, due to the combination of narrow beams, low sidelobes and selectable nulls,SBSAs reduce the vulnerability of the network to interference caused by: co-network cross-network interference hostile (e.g. terrorist) jamming.
SBSA Usage Scenarios in High Reliability Networks (1/2) High Reliability Mobile Station (HR-MS) Deployment : –Mobile operation: the directional beam of a cylindrical SBSA (360 o FoV) can be dynamically aligned/re-aligned towards the target HR-BS or HR- RS in real time in order to maintain the optimal connection. The directional gain provides higher gain/link budget than the omnidirectional alternative. The directional beam generates less co-network interference and is less susceptible to other sources of inference. –Nomadic operation: an SBSA can be aligned to the intended target much more rapidly than a directional antenna using manual or mechanical actuation, allowing a communication link to become operationally far more quickly. This rapid deployment capability may provide critical times savings in emergency and mission critical scenarios. Previously stated advantages in terms of mast load and maintenance also apply to this scenario.
SBSA Usage Scenarios in High Reliability Networks (2/2) HR-BS Deployment: In this scenario, SBSAs are deployed at HR-BSs to communicate with other network nodes (HR-RSs, HR-MSs). SBSAs supporting very high- speed beam steering enable high-gain directional beams to be multiplexed between target network nodes on a sub- frame by sub-frame basis. As with the other scenarios, the resulting benefits include improved link budget and receive sensitivity, plus improved interference rejection and a reduction in the levels of co-network interference generated.
Text Proposal for IEEE 802.16n AWD The following text is to be inserted into a new section 17.1.x called Antennas in the AWD : 17.1.x Antennas The HR-Network shall operate independently of the antenna type (conventional or smart-antenna) used on HR-MS, HR-RS and HR-BS. HR-MS, HR-RS and HR-BS should support beam steering operation (azimuth, elevation or both) to facilitate more robust nomadic deployment and superior traffic management.