Presentation on theme: "Why Did Australia Fight In The Vietnam War?"— Presentation transcript:
1Why Did Australia Fight In The Vietnam War? Why did we send 47,000 men and women to Vietnam?
2Fear of communism There was a growing fear of communism The invasion of the North Korean communists into democratic South Korea was seen as a threat to democracySending troops to Vietnam was a move to support democracy
4Situation in VietnamVietnam was once a colony of FranceAfter WW2 the Vietnamese fought a war against the French and became an independent countryThe leader of this fight was Ho Chi MinhHe was a communist leader in VietnamVietnam split in two at the 17th parallel in 1954The north was communistThe south was democraticThe presence of communists in Vietnam worried countries like Australia and USA
8Previous examplesAustralia’s involvement in the Korean WarCommunist North Korea was fighting democratic South KoreaThe Malayan Emergency 1955Communists were becoming influential and fighting a guerilla war in Malaya
9Previous examplesAustralia’s involvement in the Korean WarCommunist North Korea was fighting democratic South KoreaThe Malayan Emergency 1955Communists were becoming influential and fighting a guerilla war in Malaya
10PM Menzies…We have decidedand this has been after close consultation with the Government of the United States to provide an infantry battalion for service in South VietnamThere can be no doubt of the gravity of the situation in South Vietnam.The takeover of South Vietnam would be a direct military threat to Australia and all the countries of South and South-East Asia. It must be seen as part of a thrust by Communist China between the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
12Alliances ANZUS The ANZUS agreement of 1951. Australia, New Zealand and the United States agree to come to each other’s aid in the event of an attack
13Alliance SEATO The SEATO Treaty of 1954. This treaty set out that action would be taken if the following countries were attacked: USA, Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand or Pakistan.South Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos were also guaranteed protection
15Australia sends troops to Vietnam The Australian government felt that the best way to deal with communist threats was to send troops to the threatIn 1962 Australia sent 30 military advisers to assist US forces in South Vietnam
16Countries that went to war in Vietnam Eight countries supported South Vietnam in its struggle with North VietnamUnited States of AmericaAustraliaNew ZealandSouth KoreaThe PhilippinesThailandSpainTaiwan
17Open conflict escalates In 1964 the USA claimed that the North Vietnamese had bombed its ships in the Gulf of Tonkin off the coast of VietnamThe USA began bombing raids on Vietnam
19Open conflict escalates Australia sent its First Infantry Batallion and HMAS Sydney to Vietnam in 1965Then, in 1966, Australia increased its military commitment in Vietnam by a factor of threeTotal war decsended on Vietnam