Presentation on theme: "Korea and Vietnam Fights between East and West. Korean War After WWII, Korea divided along 38 th Parallel North: Communist South: Democratic Soviets."— Presentation transcript:
Korea and Vietnam Fights between East and West
Korean War After WWII, Korea divided along 38 th Parallel North: Communist South: Democratic Soviets arm North Korea, encourage them to take over South Korea South Korea asks for UN Assistance
Korean War UN Security Council votes to send forces 15 nations go, including the USA US General Douglas MacArthur leads the forces North Korea nearly takes over the whole Korean Peninsula by September, 1950 UN forces arrived, and by November, 1950, UN forces are close to the Korea-Chinese border China sends 300,000 troops at this point Fight will continue for two more years
Korean War Ends Truce signed in July No peace treaty is actually ever signed The border remains the 38 th Parallel De-Militarized Zone (DMZ) North Korea remains communist, struggles economically South Korea stays democratic, supported by the USA and thrives
Vietnam: Background Vietnam is a French Colony prior to WWII Ho Chi Minh, inspired by communism, wants freedom for Vietnam Japan occupies during WWII After war, France refuses to grant independence, Minh leads people in revolt, wins Vietnam divided 1954 North, lead by Ho Chi Minh, communist South, US-French Backed dictator.
Vietnam War Pro-communist fighters threaten South 1964, U.S. enters the conflict, sending several hundred thousand troops Two problems: Fighting a guerrilla war in an unfamiliar jungle location Supporting a government in the South that is extremely unpopular Did not have success on the ground, so US starts bombing the jungle, hoping to hit enemy hideouts Makes the Americans and the South even more unpopular
War in Vietnam Ends The war was EXTREMELY unpopular at home Mass protests, especially among university students Kent State shootings, 1968 President Nixon announces that US troops will begin withdrawl in 1969 Last US troops leave in 1973 58,000 US Dead North Vietnam conquers South in 1975