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Rocky Harris Department for Environment, UK Environmental accounting applications for Sustainable Consumption and Production policies London Group Canberra,

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Presentation on theme: "Rocky Harris Department for Environment, UK Environmental accounting applications for Sustainable Consumption and Production policies London Group Canberra,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Rocky Harris Department for Environment, UK Environmental accounting applications for Sustainable Consumption and Production policies London Group Canberra, April 2009

2 Introduction Relatively new policy area Four broad themes Sustainable production and resource efficiency Sustainable consumption and consumer behaviours Sustainable products and materials Government showing leadership

3 Sustainable production: policies targeted at different industrial sectors Introducing regulatory and fiscal measures to reduce pollution and reduce consumption of natural resources Encouraging sector sustainable development strategies and commitments Providing advice to businesses about opportunities for resource efficiency, energy audits etc Developing the environmental goods and services (EGS) sector

4 Sustainable production: key data sources Physical flows accounts Data on types of businesses Business attitudes and behaviours Environmental expenditures and environmental taxes Environmental Goods and Services sector

5 Sustainable production: applications (1) Environmental performance of main manufacturing and service sectors compared with GVA Monitoring and setting targets for the environmental performance of individual sectors Providing briefing on the environmental performance of other sectors re sustainability strategies Comparing the improvements in resource efficiency claimed by Government support agencies with actual changes in efficiency in different sectors

6 Environmental performance of main UK manufacturing and service sectors

7 Sustainable production: applications (2) Structural decomposition analysis Estimating the incidence on different economic sectors of proposed new taxes such as the Climate Change levy Informing the strategic targeting of the Environment Agencys monitoring of the environmental impacts of different industrial sectors Annual reporting of Sustainable Development Indicators - decoupling in the construction industry - overall environmental impact of the public sector

8 Decoupling of resource extraction from UK construction output

9 Sustainable production: potential applications Targeting support for innovation and sustainable skills through the development of accounts covering the environmental goods and services sector Benchmarking of business impacts through the combination of process data and sectoral input-output tables.

10 Sustainable consumption policies Encouraging behaviour change is about raising awareness ranges from the introduction of publicity campaigns and incorporation of discussions within the school curricula through to the imposition of mandatory metering systems Supported by policies to restrict the availability of certain less sustainable products (choice editing) reduce price differentials between sustainable and less sustainable products actions taken to provide recycling facilities and support the market for recycled goods

11 Pro-environmental behaviours 1. Insulate homes 2. Manage energy use 3. Micro-generation 4. Recycle waste 5. Waste less 6. Reduce water use 7. More efficient cars 8. Travel locally without car 9.Cut short haul flights 10.Use energy efficient products 11.Buy local food in season 12.Adopt better diet

12 Sustainable consumption: key data sources Physical flow accounts, particularly if linked with household spending through the COICOP classification, can help show the proportion of environmental impacts that result from different types of household activities Public attitudes surveys, which identify changes in behaviour which can then be linked with information on impact of those behaviours Other household survey information for example on travel patterns and food consumption

13 Sustainable consumption: applications Overall performance Impacts of key behaviours Food Travel Water use

14 Environmental impact of UK households

15 Key behaviours and impacts Behaviour goalImpact (kg/hh pa)Current take-up Insulate home75070% Manage energy use53058% Micro-generation350<1% Recycle waste54071% Waste less60064% Reduce water use14052% More efficient cars78027% Travel locally without car75029% Cut short haul flights1,12028% Use energy efficient products14062% Buy local food in season1037% Adopt better diets2606%

16 Net trade 39% Food chain greenhouse gas emissions 100% UK production 60% Pre-farm gate e.g. fertilisers 4% Overseas transport 9% Food services 14% Food manufacturing 13% UK agriculture and fisheries 53% Overseas production 47% Food exports -8% Food retail 10% Catering 4% Households 21 % Food shopping 4% Cooking, storage 17% Road freight within UK 6% Mapping greenhouse gas emissions and the food chain

17 Business ?mtCO2e Homes 35mtCO2e Mapping greenhouse gas emissions and water use Water distribution 0.6mtCO2e Direct abstractions Water supply treatment 1 mtCO2e Leakage 0.4mtCO2e Waste water treatment 2.1mtCO2e Waste water collection 0.2mtCO2e 15,350mcm Water company admin 0.2mtCO2e 3,600mcm 3,700mcm 8,700mcm 20,800mcm Sludge to land 1-2 mtCO2e Business

18 Sustainable products

19 Sustainable products: applications EUs EIPRO study shows that food and drink, transport and housing products account for 70-80% of impacts The accounts can be used to narrow the focus down, but do not generally provide sufficient detail for most applications Accounts are most relevant as sources of information about the overall context of products policy They have been used to relate the coverage of the domestic appliances covered by integrated products policy with changes in overall electricity consumption within the home Also used for carbon footprinting applications Importance of emissions embedded within capital formation How emissions from services are spread across a wide supply chain The contribution of technological improvements in products towards climate change targets

20 Sustainable materials: applications There are no substantive examples from the UK – contributions required!

21 Government showing leadership Policy activities: Government being seen to manage its own operations in a sustainable manner and meeting its own sustainability targets Government using its purchasing power to leverage change amongst its suppliers and ensuring the sustainability of its supply chains Two different approaches 1.Top down – data from national statistics sources 2.Bottom-up – data from government organisations

22 Sustainable Government operations

23 Sustainable procurement priorities 1. Construction 2. Health and Social Work 3. Food 4. Uniforms, clothing, textiles 5. Waste 6. Pulp, paper and printing 7. Energy 8. Office machinery and computers 9. Furniture 10. Transport (business travel, motor vehicles)

24 CO2 emissions from UK public sector share of energy used in production (first order effect, excluding electricity) Construction Health and social work Pharmaceuticals Medical instruments Office machinery Road transport Pulp and paper Sewerage and refuse Public sector procurement spend (£m) Share of market (%)Area of bubble indicates amount of carbon

25 Scottish Government carbon accounting project Government policies and grants Government procurement Induced emissions from spending of wages and salaries of public sector and supply chain Government operations Products policy Business engagement Household behaviours

26 General conclusions Environmental accounts data is generally used to provide broad strategic direction to SCP policies Strong suite of applications as far as resource efficiency is concerned Less useful for sustainable consumption policies as more disaggregated data is needed Usually not sufficiently detailed for products policy, but some useful applications for carbon footprinting On-going requirement to reconcile top-down and bottom-up data sources

27 Aggregate indicators Accounts are widely used to generate aggregate indicators, although none adopted yet for the UK Ecological footprints, Environmentally-adjusted National Accounts aggregates and EMC are likely to be increasingly based on Accounts data

28 Points for discussion Does the LG agree that an SCP policy framework is potentially a useful showcase of SEEA applications? Can LG members contribute further examples, especially of sustainable consumption and of sustainable products and materials policies? Are the weaknesses described real problems, and if so how can they best be addressed?

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