Purpose To measure infant and under-5 mortality rates To determine if any live births within the last 2 years – whether the next two modules will be asked.
Goal 1 - WSC Between 1990 and the year 2000, reduction of infant and under-five child mortality rate by one third or to 50 and 70 per 1000 live births respectively, whichever is less
Goal 4 - MDG Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, under-five mortality Indicator 13 – Under-5 Mortality Rate Indicator 14 – Infant Mortality Rate
Information Collected in the Module Date of/years since first birth (CM2A, CM2B) Numbers of children ever born, children alive, children dead (CM3 to CM10) Date of last live birth (CM11) Wantedness status of last birth (CM13)
Estimation of Infant and Under-5 Mortality Rates Indirect estimation method used Devised by William Brass in the late 1950s, commonly used in surveys and censuses around the world Indirect estimation method, but gives reliable results usually consistent with direct estimation Direct estimation in surveys: use of birth or maternity histories
Estimation of Infant and Under-5 Mortality Rates Method will give biased estimates if HIV/AIDS prevalence is more than 5 percent Results not as detailed as those from birth histories (neonatal rates etc) Make sure that the assumptions used are applicable to the country (eg choice of mortality model)
Estimation of Infant and Under-5 Mortality Rates Variants: By age of women, by time since first marriage, by time since first birth The idea is to calculate average numbers of children ever born and children deceased, and calculate proportion deceased Using proportion deceased and models, estimate infant and under-5 mortality rates
Estimation of Infant and Under-5 Mortality Rates Estimated rates will refer to 1-4 years before the survey on the average, depending on the variant of the method used