Presentation on theme: "The use of micro-data in the ECB"— Presentation transcript:
1 The use of micro-data in the ECB Francesco StrobbeEuropean Central BankLuxembourg, October 2006OECD Conference: Assessing the feasibility of micro-data access
2 The use of micro-data in the ECB - I Monetary policy analysis is mainly based on macro statistics (mainly collected from EU NCBs) but more and more interest also in micro data based analysisMoreover micro-data bases have high potential to make statistical production more efficient
3 The use of micro-data in the ECB - II In particular, the ECB is currently working on 4 main projects in the field of financial micro-data:Centralised Securities Database (CSDB)Market Data Provision Project (MDP)Survey data on Households Finance and Consumption (HFC)Euro Area Corporate Balance Sheet Data (EACBS)
4 Centralised Securities Database (CSDB) - I The CSDB is a comprehensive database developed by the ECBIt contains information on over 2 millions debt securities, equities and mutual funds issued by EU residents or by othersIt uses commercial and other statistics sources, selecting the most reliable value for each attributeIt makes use of expertise within the ESCB to enhance data quality and filling gaps (on prices and income) with reliable estimates
5 Centralised Securities Database (CSDB) - II The CSDB has been launched in first place to support ESCB wide production systems in the area of financial statisticsTo this end the aim of the CSDB is to hold complete, accurate, consistent and up-to-date information on all individual securities relevant for the statistical purposes of the ESCBFrom a statistical angle, the CSDB has 2 main functions:To compile euro area aggregatesTo provide a reference source on individual securities and issuers
6 Centralised Securities Database (CSDB) - III Statistics on financial stocks and flows broken down by institutional sector and broad class of financial instrument are essential for the conduct of monetary policyMicroeconomic analysis of financial markets, focusing on specific instruments and markets, is growing in importance (e.g. : risks of different types of instruments and exposure of debtors and creditors in Basel II)Reliable information on individual securities is also relevant for the ECB’s operational purposes (e.g. assets eligible as collateral in Eurosystem monetary operations).
8 Centralised Securities Database (CSDB) - V The Production system of the CSDB is currently updated on a daily basis; the data dissemination system is refreshed monthlyOnline access to the CSDB is available only in the ECBFuture developments:Phase 2: online access to data for central banks and automated data exchangePossibly Phase 3: inclusion of information on holders of securities (providing aggregates by country of residence and, where possible, by economic sector)
9 Market Data Provision (MDP) - I The ECB uses financial market statistics in order to analyse the relationship between monetary policy and the structure and dynamics of financial markets;The analysis of high-frequency series offers an insight into instantaneous reactions of market participants to specific events;Primary objective of the MDP project is to deliver a system able to:Collect, store and filter prices, volumes and a minimal set of reference data of financial market instruments at instrument level and at various frequencies from a few major data providers
10 Market Data Provision (MDP) - II The financial markets data collected, from various geographical regions and in various currency denominations, includes:Interest rate related instruments (deposits, loans, derivatives etc)Equity related instruments (stocks, indices, derivatives etc)Foreign exchange (currencies, derivatives etc)Commodity derivatives, credit derivatives and other financial market instrumentsThe data is used for the production of statistics for internal and external use. These statistics include:Financial market indicators, such as the yield curves, volatilities and indices, etc.Financial integration indicators, such as the money market, bond market and corporate bond market indicators, etc.
11 Households Finance and Consumption (HFC) - I So far the ECB used households’ data based on the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) to:Assess the financial vulnerability of mortgage-indebted euro area households (Financial Stability Review, Dec. 2005)Assess the debt servicing burden of euro area households – microeconomic evidence (ECB Monthly Bulletin, Dec. 2005)Estimate the labour quality in the euro area (ECB Monthly Bulletin, Oct and ECB Working Paper No. 575)While ECHP data proved to be good when focusing on income or labour issues, the same does not apply to finance/portfolio issues
12 Households Finance and Consumption (HFC) - II Comparable and comprehensive micro data on HFC covering the entire euro area are not availableThe Eurosystem is currently investigating the need and the feasibility of collecting survey data on households finance and consumptionA coordinated survey for the euro area on HFC would:Support policy analysis in all major functions of the Eurosystem (monetary policy; financial stability; payment systems)Offer a consistent cross-country picture of households assets and liabilitiesEnhance the understanding of the mutual interaction between households behaviour, financial markets and the macro-economy
13 Households Finance and Consumption (HFC) - III Survey data can help address many questions of vital interest to central banks at various stages of the policy making process:Households finance and consumption patternsMeasurement of households net worthBorrowing and liquidity constraintsMarginal propensity to consume out of wealthSome examples for the possible use of survey data:Real estate booms and financial vulnerability of households sectorFinancial integration and modernisation in retail bankingAging, pension reforms and saving patterns
14 Households Finance and Consumption (HFC) - IV The data would complement other micro-economic data (e.g. firms’ and banks’ balance sheets; bank lending survey) and macro-economic data on the households sector (e.g. financial and non-financial accounts)Special challenges posed by the data collection:Households may be reluctant to reveal info on financial matters in particular wealthy ones, these should therefore be over-represented in the sampleRepresentative samples for each country for meaningful comparisons
15 Corporate Balance Sheet Data (CBS) - I CBS are an important statistical source to analyse the economic behaviour of non-financial corporations in the euro area;Changes in monetary policy influence the financing conditions of enterprises via various channels (i.e. interest rate, credit and balance sheet channels)A detailed understanding ofcorporate financing decisionsthe financial situation of corporationsthe cost of financingis important for monetary policy in the context of an assessment of financial and economic developments.
16 Corporate Balance Sheet Data (CBS) - II CBS may be derived by aggregating national balance sheets and income statements made available by:National authorities (generally Central banks or Statistical Offices)Commercial Data ProvidersSo far, the compilation of EACBS has been complicated by:Lack of comprehensive and timely dataHeterogeneity of accounting standards in Member StatesConfidentiality constraints (exchange of individual data)
17 Corporate Balance Sheet Data (CBS) – III PurposeMonetary policy analysisFinancial stability analysisOther statistical purposesDimensionConjunctural analysisStructural analysisTimelinessVery importantLess importantImportantFrequencyQuarterlyAnnualQuarterly and annualCoverage by economic activity, size, and legal formLess ImportantCountry coverageBack dataCompatibility with national and financial accountsIndividual dataConsolidationConsolidated and non-consolidatedNon-consolidatedConsolidated andnon-consolidated
18 CBS Data available at the ECB Corporate Balance Sheet Data (CBS) – IVAggregatednon-financialcorporation dataNational CBSOs data (only available on request)BACHdatabaseIndividual non-financial corporation dataAmadeusThomson FinancialOSIRISCBS Data available at the ECB
19 Corporate Balance Sheet Data (CBS) - V Annual and quarterly analysis of the financial conditions of the euro area non-financial corporations sector (broken down by branch of activity and size class)Thomson Financial; Amadeus; BACHQuarterly analysis (in the ECB Monthly Bulletin)Quarterly euro area sample drawn from Thomson FinancialFinancial Stability Review (Balance sheet conditions of non-financial corporations)Amadeus and Thomson Financial
20 Corporate Balance Sheet Data (CBS) - VI Collection of balance sheet data: costly undertakingTherefore the ECB, in cooperation with the European Committee of CBS Data Offices, strives for further improvements regarding:TimelinessFrequencyAvailability of individual data
21 Concluding remarksThe use of financial micro-data will increasingly support policy analysis in all major functions of the EurosystemStill a lot work has to be done but the ECB supports initiatives, like the OECD conference, aiming at exchanging best practices at international level and at fostering a dialogue on this topic