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© OECD/IEA - 2008 Deploying Renewables: Principles for Effective Policies Press Conference, OECD Berlin, 29 September 2008 Dr. Paolo Frankl Head, Renewable Energy Unit International Energy Agency
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Global Power Generation Mix Scenarios 46.5% Renewables [Source: ETP 2008] Renewables would have to play a particularly significant role in the power sector, increasing from 18% today to nearly 50% by 2050. Non-hydro renewables show the highest growth rate.
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Comparative assessment of effectiveness and efficiency of renewables support policies (market deployment and RD&D policies) OECD countries plus Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa Electricity, Heat and Transport Fuel sectors Distillation of the best policy practices and of main challenges encountered Learn from success stories but also from failures Co-funded by German BMU, Japanese NEDO, and Enel Global Renewable Energy Markets and Policies Programme (GREMPP)
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Incremental RE generation in a given year Remaining additional realisable potential (by 2020) Quantitative Analysis Chosen policy effectiveness indicator on a yearly basis:
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Achieved (by 2005) and Additional realisable mid-term potential (by 2020) for RES-Electricity Achieved (2005) and additional realisable mid-term (up to 2020) potential for RES-Electricity by country (OECD+BRICS) – in absolute terms (TWh) Source: IEA & EEG, 2008
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Effectiveness & Efficiency Wind On-shore 2005 (OECD & BRICS) Source: IEA & Fh-ISI, 2008 Long-term predictable incentives (FIT or FIP) + Appropriate framework Higher risk (TGC) + Non-economic barriers Efficiency
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Effectiveness & Efficiency Solid biomass el. 2005 (OECD+BRICS) Source: IEA & Fh-ISI, 2008 TGC FIT/FIP
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Effectiveness & Efficiency Solar PV 2005 (OECD & BRICS) Source: IEA & Fh-ISI, 2008 FIT
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Main Lessons Learnt and Conclusions
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Effective policies only in a limited set of countries Sometimes depending on specific technology Perceived risk, more than profit, is key to policy effectiveness & efficiency Price support can not be adequately addressed in isolation; non-economic barriers must be addressed concurrently Grid barriers Administrative barriers Social acceptance issues Other barriers (e.g. training, information, financial, etc.) Effective systems have, in practice, frequently been the most cost efficient Technology-specific support is key for both effectiveness and cost-efficiency Main Lessons Learnt (1)
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Main Lessons Learnt (2) Move beyond Feed-In Tariff vs. Quota Obligation System/ Tradable Green Certificate debate Both systems show success and failures depending on specific country and technology Precise design criteria and fine-tuning are key Signs of convergence: Feed-In Tariff: Premium tariff option, time digression Quota System/Tradable Green Certificate: Technology banding
© OECD/IEA - 2008 1. Remove non-economic barriers to improve market functioning 2. Establish predictable support framework - to attract investments 3. Set up transitional incentives decreasing over time – to foster and monitor technological innovation and move towards market competitiveness 4. Ensure specific support in function of technology maturity to exploit potential of large RET range 5. With increasing mass-scale RET penetration impact on overall energy system must be taken into account Continuity Certainty Key Principles for Effective Renewable Energy Policies
© OECD/IEA - 2008 Fostering REs transition towards mass market integration Niche marketsMass market Low cost-gap (e.g. wind onshore) High cost-gap (e.g. PV) Mature tech (e.g. hydro) Prototype & demo stage (e.g. 2 nd gen biofuels) Time Market Deployment Development 1. Development RD&D financing, capital cost support, investment tax credits, rebates, loan guarantees 2. Stable, low-risk, sheltered FIT, FIP, Tenders 3. Shared/imposed market risk, guaranteed minimum but declining support FIP, TGC (technology banding) 4. Technology-neutral competition TGC, Carbon trading (e.g. EU ETS)
© OECD/IEA - 2008 1. Realise urgency to implement effective policies to exploit major potential of RETs in terms of energy security and climate change mitigation 2. Remove and overcome non-economic barriers first 3. Exploit substantial potential for improvement of policy effectiveness and efficiency: learn from good practice 4. Focus on rigorous and coherent implementation of key policy design principles with regard to long-term cost efficiency and national circumstances 5. Create level playing field by pricing in GHG emissions and other externalities 6. Allow a combination framework of incentive schemes in function of technology maturity level Urgent action for Energy Technology Revolution Recommendations
© OECD/IEA Opportunities and Challenges in Deploying Renewables into the Mainstream demosEUROPA and Danish Embassy Joint Seminar Warsaw, 19 November.
© OECD/IEA Renewable Energy Developments in Europe and the EU Targets Convegno “Le Incentivazioni alle fonti rinnovabili e gli obiettivi europei:
Keeping the door open for a two-degree world (Climate, Renewables and Coal) Philippe Benoit Head of Environment and Energy Efficiency Division International.
© OECD/IEA Renewable Energy Perspectives Roberto VIGOTTI Chair Renewable Energy Working Party International Energy Agency.
European Commission Communication on Support Schemes for electricity from renewable energy sources Beatriz Yordi DG Energy and Transport External Costs.
© OECD/IEA 2015 Business Models and Smart Policies for Scaling Up Renewable Energy Dr. Paolo Frankl Head, Renewable Energy Division International Energy.
Directorate General for Energy and Transport Euroforenet Conference 20/11/2007 Brussels European Commission Kyriakos MANIATIS Biofuels & Industry DG TREN.
Johnthescone The IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation: Chapter 11 – Policy, Financing and Implementation UN Climate.
A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies Marten Westrup
08/12/2015 Developing renewable energy cost effectively EUROPEAN COMMISSION Tom Howes European Commission.
A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies Energy.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY AGENCE INTERNATIONALE DE L’ENERGIE 1 Dr. Robert K. Dixon Head, Energy Technology Policy Division International Energy Agency.
Convention Dialogue, Thursday 16 November The EU’s Perspective on the Market Based Opportunities Peter Carl European Union.
ENERGY FOR THE 21 ST CENTURY the Potential for Nuclear Power Luis Echávarri Director-General, OECD Nuclear Energy Agency IAEA Scientific Forum at the General.
© OECD/IEA Do we have the technology to secure energy supply and CO 2 neutrality? Insights from Energy Technology Perspectives 2010 Copenhagen,
ENHANCING THE POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY INVESTMENT Guidance from the OECD to developing and emerging economies Karim Dahou, Investment Division,
Energy EU future strategies and policies Andreea Strachinescu, European Commission Directorate-General for Energy Head of "New energy technologies, innovaton.
Global Environment Facility Climate Change 14 May 2004 Siv Tokle GEF Monitoring and Evaluation Unit.
The UK Renewable Energy Policy Experience: Failure to Learn or Political Intransigence? Dr. Peter Connor May 9 th 2008.
1 RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES TO DEVELOP INVESTMENTS Juan Alario, Associate Director European Investment Bank (BEI) 10th Inter-Parliamentary Meeting on Renewable.
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