We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byAmber Dunn
Modified over 2 years ago
© OECD/IEA Deploying Renewables: Principles for Effective Policies Press Conference, OECD Berlin, 29 September 2008 Dr. Paolo Frankl Head, Renewable Energy Unit International Energy Agency
© OECD/IEA Global Power Generation Mix Scenarios 46.5% Renewables [Source: ETP 2008] Renewables would have to play a particularly significant role in the power sector, increasing from 18% today to nearly 50% by Non-hydro renewables show the highest growth rate.
© OECD/IEA Comparative assessment of effectiveness and efficiency of renewables support policies (market deployment and RD&D policies) OECD countries plus Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa Electricity, Heat and Transport Fuel sectors Distillation of the best policy practices and of main challenges encountered Learn from success stories but also from failures Co-funded by German BMU, Japanese NEDO, and Enel Global Renewable Energy Markets and Policies Programme (GREMPP)
© OECD/IEA Incremental RE generation in a given year Remaining additional realisable potential (by 2020) Quantitative Analysis Chosen policy effectiveness indicator on a yearly basis:
© OECD/IEA Achieved (by 2005) and Additional realisable mid-term potential (by 2020) for RES-Electricity Achieved (2005) and additional realisable mid-term (up to 2020) potential for RES-Electricity by country (OECD+BRICS) – in absolute terms (TWh) Source: IEA & EEG, 2008
© OECD/IEA Effectiveness & Efficiency Wind On-shore 2005 (OECD & BRICS) Source: IEA & Fh-ISI, 2008 Long-term predictable incentives (FIT or FIP) + Appropriate framework Higher risk (TGC) + Non-economic barriers Efficiency
© OECD/IEA Effectiveness & Efficiency Solid biomass el (OECD+BRICS) Source: IEA & Fh-ISI, 2008 TGC FIT/FIP
© OECD/IEA Effectiveness & Efficiency Solar PV 2005 (OECD & BRICS) Source: IEA & Fh-ISI, 2008 FIT
© OECD/IEA Main Lessons Learnt and Conclusions
© OECD/IEA Effective policies only in a limited set of countries Sometimes depending on specific technology Perceived risk, more than profit, is key to policy effectiveness & efficiency Price support can not be adequately addressed in isolation; non-economic barriers must be addressed concurrently Grid barriers Administrative barriers Social acceptance issues Other barriers (e.g. training, information, financial, etc.) Effective systems have, in practice, frequently been the most cost efficient Technology-specific support is key for both effectiveness and cost-efficiency Main Lessons Learnt (1)
© OECD/IEA Main Lessons Learnt (2) Move beyond Feed-In Tariff vs. Quota Obligation System/ Tradable Green Certificate debate Both systems show success and failures depending on specific country and technology Precise design criteria and fine-tuning are key Signs of convergence: Feed-In Tariff: Premium tariff option, time digression Quota System/Tradable Green Certificate: Technology banding
© OECD/IEA Remove non-economic barriers to improve market functioning 2. Establish predictable support framework - to attract investments 3. Set up transitional incentives decreasing over time – to foster and monitor technological innovation and move towards market competitiveness 4. Ensure specific support in function of technology maturity to exploit potential of large RET range 5. With increasing mass-scale RET penetration impact on overall energy system must be taken into account Continuity Certainty Key Principles for Effective Renewable Energy Policies
© OECD/IEA Fostering REs transition towards mass market integration Niche marketsMass market Low cost-gap (e.g. wind onshore) High cost-gap (e.g. PV) Mature tech (e.g. hydro) Prototype & demo stage (e.g. 2 nd gen biofuels) Time Market Deployment Development 1. Development RD&D financing, capital cost support, investment tax credits, rebates, loan guarantees 2. Stable, low-risk, sheltered FIT, FIP, Tenders 3. Shared/imposed market risk, guaranteed minimum but declining support FIP, TGC (technology banding) 4. Technology-neutral competition TGC, Carbon trading (e.g. EU ETS)
© OECD/IEA Realise urgency to implement effective policies to exploit major potential of RETs in terms of energy security and climate change mitigation 2. Remove and overcome non-economic barriers first 3. Exploit substantial potential for improvement of policy effectiveness and efficiency: learn from good practice 4. Focus on rigorous and coherent implementation of key policy design principles with regard to long-term cost efficiency and national circumstances 5. Create level playing field by pricing in GHG emissions and other externalities 6. Allow a combination framework of incentive schemes in function of technology maturity level Urgent action for Energy Technology Revolution Recommendations
Gleneagles follow up: creating the conditions for an international agreement Amal-Lee Amin International Climate Change Policy Global Atmosphere Department.
* By George Kofinakos Country Advisor > StormHarbour UK CEO > Enolia Premium Capital Luxemburg Vice Chairman > Enolia Energy.
European Commission Communication on Support Schemes for electricity from renewable energy sources Beatriz Yordi DG Energy and Transport External Costs.
Renewable Energy Development in Germany (Status and Outlook) Rainer Hinrichs-Rahlwes, Board Member BEE - German Renewable Energy Federation Berlin, 3 rd.
EU Climate Policy -latest developments Agnieszka Janowska European Commission, DG Environment.
Renewable Energy Promotion Policies: Lessons from CDM/JI for NAMAs (and other new mechanisms) Konrad Raeschke-Kessler Emissions Reduction Projects – CDM.
ECCP II Stakeholder meeting Oct 2005 Slide n° 1 The European Climate Change Programme ECCP II The European Climate Change Programme ECCP II Angel Perez.
Research for a Renewable Energy Structure Dr.Doerte Fouquet EREF European Renewable Energies Federation asbl.
+ Innovation Policies to Support Low-Emissions Development Prof. Nathan Hultman University of Maryland School of Public Policy World Bank Institute September.
3.1 Mitigation Assessment: Concepts, Structure and Steps CGE TRAINING MATERIALS- MITIGATION ASSESSMENT MODULE C.
1 Energy A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies Marten Westrup European Commission, DG ENER Unit A1.
WILLIAM KOJO AGYEMANG-BONSU UNFCCC FOCAL POINT/CDM-DNA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GHANA Technology Development and Transfer in the Context of Climate.
Renewable Energy Targets and Policy Strategies in Mekong Countries Policy and Incentive Mechanism for Renewable Energy Development in EEP Mekong Countries.
Martina Otto Head of Policy Unit, Energy Branch Coordinator Bioenergy AU / UN ECA Bioenergy Programme.
1 Vesile Kulaçoğlu (Director) & Ludivine Tamiotti (Counsellor) Trade and Environment Division, WTO Trade and Climate Change.
Athens, Greece, October, th International Scientific Conference on Energy and Climate Change Legislative impact on significance of RES in the.
Renewable Road MapDirectorate general for Energy and Transport Renewable Energies- A role to play in Europ. energy competitiveness? DIng.Dr.Karl Kellner.
Funding Streams for Renewable Energy Dr. Vlasta KRMELJ, Dipl.Ing. ENERGAP
A Green Economy in the Context of Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication: What are the Implications for Africa?
© Michel Roggo / WWF-Canon Response to the European Commission public consultation on a 2030 climate and energy package 2 nd July 2012 WWF European Policy.
Supporting Renewables REFIT Feed in-Tariffs, the UK Renewables Obligation and the new EU Directive Prof. Dave Elliott Open University
1 European Investment Bank The criteria of the EIB investment in new gas infrastructures Thursday, November
Building a global climate regime from the bottom-up (“Staged Accession Scenarios”) Mitigation pathways in the context of fragmented climate policies Elmar.
PETROBRAS The business case for action Future International Climate Policy Workshop The Business Case for Action Ildo Luis Sauer Petrobras Gas and Energy.
SPIRE PPP - Sustainable Process Industries through Resource & Energy Efficiency – Horizon2020 calls
Prayas Energy Group, Pune Solar Energy: An Emerging Option for India Ashwin Gambhir Prayas (Energy Group), Pune SOLAR ENERGY – IS IT A VIABLE OPTION NOW?
European Commission 1.Growing concern about security and continuity of oil and gas supplies; rising energy prices, despite the increased efficiency resulting.
1.1 Module 1 Introduction to Mitigation Under the UNFCCC a.The science of climate change. b.Definition and scope of mitigation c.Contributions of IPCC.
1 Meeting Carbon Budgets – ensuring a low-carbon recovery 2 nd progress report to Parliament Committee on Climate Change, June 2010
1 Directorate General for Energy and Transports European Commission EU Policy on Renewable Energy Sources & Energy Efficiency Karl Kellner Head of Unit.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.