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OECD Development Centre The OECDs Knowledge Broker on Development DAC Senior-level Meeting, Paris 6 December 2005.

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Presentation on theme: "OECD Development Centre The OECDs Knowledge Broker on Development DAC Senior-level Meeting, Paris 6 December 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 OECD Development Centre The OECDs Knowledge Broker on Development DAC Senior-level Meeting, Paris 6 December 2005

2 2 Bringing together: OECD, emerging economies and developing countries Development policy and research All parts of the OECD towards development objectives Public and private sectors

3 3 Programme of Work Governance Monitoring Performance (AEO) Development Finance Policy Coherence Private Sector Development Institutions Impact of China / India

4 4 How do aid, trade, migration, investment policies impact on development? How do they reinforce or contradict each other? How do they interact with developing- country policies? I. Coherence

5 5 Migration-AidGhana, Mali, Moldova Migration-InvestmentEcuador Migration-TradeMorocco, Central America Investment-AidSenegal Investment-TradeKenya Trade-Aid Viet Nam, Mozambique, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia Migration-DevelopmentCentral Europe, Albania, Bulgaria, India, Turkey Evidence from Country Case Studies

6 6 ODA, FDI, migration and trade flows are strongly complementary. Aid allocation is pro-poor, but FDI, exports and migrant flows are with middle-income countries. Coherence Orphans. Preliminary Findings

7 7 What are the obstacles to diversification? How have donors supported trade capacity? What institutional changes are needed for agricultural reform? II. Private Sector Development and Capacity-Building

8 8 ODA – Agricultural Trade Capacity Tanzania, Zambia ODA & Agro- business Development Mali, Senegal Institutions & Agriculture Mali, Cameroon, Ghana Evidence from Country Case Studies

9 9 Do African countries gain from booming trade with China and India? What are the dangers of engagement (e.g. governance)? How much will OECD countries compete with China and India in Africa? Are there lessons for African development strategies? (Traditional structure vs diversification) III. China & Indias Growth

10 10 Opportunities –Improved African terms of trade (raw materials) –Higher growth –Booming stock markets Risks –Intensified rent-seeking –Higher exposure to volatile prices –Less upgrading of skills Preliminary Indications

11 11 Grants vs. Loans: when is each instrument appropriate? How important are financial guarantees for development? Back to commodity funds? How can public support for international development be raised? IV. Development Finance

12 12 Financial guarantees can: –Compensate for market and policy failures –Stimulate private flows –Improve sub-sovereign credit ratings Grants and loans can be mixed Commodity funds can work: dont stabilise prices, protect incomes Preliminary Findings

13 13 V. Governance, Institutions & Investment How are governance indicators used and abused? Does corporate and public governance determine real investment behaviour? How do investors influence formal/informal governance? How can informal institutions be changed?

14 14 Governance- Investment Interactions China, Brazil, Algeria-Tunisia, India, Chile, Morocco, Korea, Mexico, Turkey, Singapore, Peru, Greece Decentralisation & Health Chinese provinces Cultural practices & investment behaviour Côte dIvoire, Indonesia, Ghana, China Evidence from Country Case Studies

15 15 Paradox: governance indicators often lack transparency Public and corporate governance are mutually interdependent Local institutional investors are becoming agents of change Cultural practices can undermine governance reforms and investment Context-specific social protection schemes are needed Preliminary Findings

16 VI. African Economic Outlook Joint OECD – AfDB project (EC funding) Comparative monitoring tool (30 countries) Capacity building through local experts AEO : 5th Edition Launch: May 2006 (Ouagadougou & Paris) Annual theme: Transport Infrastructure


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