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Doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 1 Legacy Coexistence – A Better Way? Date: 2007-11-26 Authors:

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Presentation on theme: "Doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 1 Legacy Coexistence – A Better Way? Date: 2007-11-26 Authors:"— Presentation transcript:

1 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 1 Legacy Coexistence – A Better Way? Date: 2007-11-26 Authors:

2 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 2 Summary Some say VHT should steer clear of 5 GHz because of the coexistence problems 11n has taken a long time to resolve just 20/40 coexistence We argue that this is mainly because of limitations in early implementations leading to standards compromise If we start with solid PHY coexistence via additional modest RX requirements, many coexistence problems disappear

3 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 3 Coexistence of 11n with 11abg is a standards compromise A collection of protections some for sound technical reasons others based on what vendors had (or had not) implemented some time in the past

4 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 4 Some coexistence mechanisms are disconnected from legacy behavior In 20/40, CCA protection via ED at -62 dBm on the secondary More hidden nodes on the secondary With GF, CCA protection via ED at -72 dBm More hidden nodes with GF In 20/40, no virtual carrier sense on the secondary RTS, CTS, CTS2self on secondary not respected Duration/ID field on secondary not respected Duration/ID field in 40 MHz frames not respected by legacy and non- 40MHz devices on either channel (weak ACK protection, should start a TXOP with a 20 MHz frame) In 20/40 exponential backoff using medium busy measured on the primary only, with a brief (PIFS) CCA inspection on the secondary Less responsive to congestion on the secondary channel

5 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 5 Can We Devise An Improved CCA? ED at -82 dBm is challenging: Requires either a low noise floor or causes a higher false-busy rate Preamble detection at -82 dBm is well understood for 20 MHz For 40/80/160 MHz, this requires 2/4/8 parallel filters for each 20 MHz sub-channel, and parallel short symbol detectors Preamble detection is ineffective after a transmission, for in- progress frames on other 20 MHz channels We need a mid-packet CCA

6 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 6 Mid-Packet CCA Packet detection without a preamble No carrier frequency recovery No timing recovery No channel estimation OFDM looks like Gaussian noise yet can be identified by its regular cyclic extension Note: mid-packet CCA is possible for DSSS and CCK also DSSS cross-correlation CCK is composed of QPSK chips, so x 4 /|x| 3 looks like DC Obscured by carrier frequency offsets and delay spread

7 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 7 Example Scheme for Mid-Packet CCA for OFDM Many further improvements are possible (e.g. short GI)

8 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 8 Mid-Packet CCA Performance – Channel Type & Detection Duration

9 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 9 Mid-Packet CCA Performance – SNR

10 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 10 Mid-Packet CCA Performance – Carrier Frequency Offset

11 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 11 Mid-Packet CCA Performance – Number of RX Antennas

12 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 12 How to Interop Test for Mid-Packet CCA Compliance Test 1: 40 MHz BSS enabled. 20 MHz BSS on primary alternates (a) periods of near- 100% duty cycle long-packet SIFS-spaced traffic with (b) periods of no traffic. Record PER. Test 2: 40 MHz BSS enabled. 20 MHz BSS on secondary alternates (a) periods of near-100% duty cycle long-packet SIFS-spaced traffic with (b) periods of no traffic. Verify 40 MHz frames are transmitted from B to A (e.g. via MAC stats). Record PER. Any excess PER from test @ to test 1 is due to disallowed transmissions from DUT B

13 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 13 Summary of Coexistence Mechanisms Parallel start-of-packet detection on each 20 MHz channel is feasible Parallel filters and short symbol detectors Parallel mid-packet detection on each 20 MHz channel is feasible Parallel filters and cyclic extension detectors Behavior at packet end is TBD: EIFS backoff? Something else? Parallel PLCP decoding on each 20 MHz channel is tougher but is not so hard it can be ruled out yet Parallel receivers, but for the brief BPSK PLCP only Parallel virtual carrier sense on each 20 and 40 MHz channel is infeasible Fully parallel receivers Ability to receive on one channel even when transmitting on a nearby channel

14 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 14 Questions? ?

15 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 15 Strawpoll If VHT produced a PAR for 5 GHz operation, would you support further investigation into improved legacy coexistence methods such as are described on slide 13? Yes No Abstain

16 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 16 Backup Slides

17 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 17 Open Problems What about false alarms from other wireless systems? What about false alarms from adjacent-channel WiFi? How well does this work with short-GI?

18 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 18 False Alarms from Non-WiFi Signals Previous scheme was optimized for OFDM vs noise What about false alarms from other wireless systems? Sinusoids that positively autocorrelate at any delay Narrowband signal that approximate sinusoids etc Target the cyclic extension specifically: We have a positive autocorrelation for 800ns then noise for 3.2us Replace 800ns moving average impulse response with an impulse response with zero mean

19 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/3001r0 Submission January 2008 Hart et al (Cisco)Slide 19 False Alarms from Non-WiFi Signals – Still OK against noise


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