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Doc.: IEEE 802.11-01/272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 1 Problems with IEEE 802.11(e) NAV Operation and ONAV Proposal Javier del.

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Presentation on theme: "Doc.: IEEE 802.11-01/272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 1 Problems with IEEE 802.11(e) NAV Operation and ONAV Proposal Javier del."— Presentation transcript:

1 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 1 Problems with IEEE (e) NAV Operation and ONAV Proposal Javier del Prado, Sunghyun Choi, and Amjad Soomro Philips Research-USA Briarcliff Manor, New York

2 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 2 Introduction The Overlapping BSS problem NAV rules under HCF Limitations of NAV rules when OBSS ONAV proposal Outline

3 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 3 Introduction Importance of NAV The OBSS problem Overlapping NAV (ONAV)

4 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 4 HCF Relies on NAV The CFB and CFP are protected by NAV NAV even more important under HCF due to: –Direct ESTA-to-ESTA transmissions –Multiple frame exchanges during TxOP –Power control will be possible per h Problem –NAV does not protect QBSS properly when OBSS exists

5 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 5 The OBSS problem The presence of an OBSS can result in collisions even under HCF NAV should work for this purpose But, the current rules present some limitations when there are OBSSs

6 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 6 We need another counter... We need to solve the NAV limitations when there are OBSSs We also need to protect the QBSS from OBSSs, especially under HCF ONAV: The Overlapping Network Allocation Vector under HCF

7 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 7 The Network Allocation Vector (NAV) NAV Rules under HCF (See document 01/373r0)

8 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 8 Setting NAV under HCF No change from the current rules –Including the followings During the CP/CFB/CFP –Update NAV with the Duration/ID field from a QoS (+)CF- Poll if the new NAV value is larger than the old value During the CFP –Non-HC ESTAs preset NAV to CFPMaxDuration at TBTT in which a CFP starts –Non-HC ESTAs shall update their NAV using the CFPDurRemaining value

9 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 9 Resetting NAV under HCF During a CFB in the CP –Reset upon reception of QoS (+)CF-Poll addressed to the HC with Duration/ID field equal to 0 –Reset upon reception of a data frame with the NF bit equal to 0 and with the SA equal to TxOP holder address as well as the subsequent QoS CF-ACK if the normal ACK policy is used. During the CFP –Upon reception of a CF-END coming from its own BSS

10 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 10 Adjusting NAV under e During the CP/CFB/CFP –ESTA that uses the Dur/ID field from an RTS frame to update its NAV may save the previous value of NAV. If no PHY-RXSTART.indication is detected from the PHY during a period with a duration of (2 x aSIFSTime) + (CTS_Time) + (2 x aSlotTime) starting at the PHY- RXEND.indication corresponding to the detection of the RTS frame, the ESTA may set the NAV with the following value: max [0, old NAV value – ((2 x aSIFSTime) + (CTS_Time) + (2 x aSlotTime))]

11 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 11 NAV Problems in when OBSS exists RTS/CTS CF-END(+)

12 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 12 AP STA,1 2 STA,1 STA 1,2 is the 2nd STA in BSS 1. 1 STA,2 Overlapping BSS: Example

13 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 13 Potential NAV Reset after RTS Clause of reads: STA that used information from an RTS frame as the most recent basis to update its NAV setting is permitted to reset its NAV if no PHY-RXSTART.indication is detected from the PHY during a period with a duration of (2 aSIFSTime) + (CTS_Time) + (2 aSlotTime) starting at the PHY-RXEND.indication corresponding to the detection of the RTS frame.

14 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 14 RTS Problem: Example STA 1,2 reset NAV during CFP U 1 + ACK STA 1,2 Reception Transmission D 1 + Poll AP 1 STA 2,1 RTS NAV STA 1,2 RTS duration RESET NAV CFP in BSS 1 TBTT signaling a CFP in BSS 1 B 2 x SIFS + CTS_Time + 2 x Slot

15 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 15 NAV Reset per CF-End The CF-END problem –Current rule: Reset NAV upon reception of CF-END –CF-END can come from an OBSS

16 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 16 NAV Problems in e QoS Draft D1 when OBSS exists RTS/CTS CF-End

17 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 17 Inherited from NAV reset after RTS still possible –This is fixed by 01/373r0 though Reset NAV per CF-End still problematic –CF-End from the same QBSS reset NAV –But, this could result in collisions with OBSS

18 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 18 NAV Invalidated by HC HC overrules the NAV values –ESTA shall respond to QoS (+)CF-Poll during CFB/CFP even with non-zero NAV –HC can reset NAV of ESTAs by sending QoS (+)CF-poll to itself with Dur/ID = 0 By having OBSS running HCF, a QBSS is not protected by NAV –ESTAs in OBSS may work independent of the NAV value per its HC ruling found above

19 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 19 The Overlapping Network Allocation Vector (ONAV) Operation Rules under HCF

20 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 20 Setting ONAV Transition from CP to CFB/CFP –If an ESTA receives a QoS (+)CF-Poll and its NAV or ONAV is non-zero, save the value of max(NAV, ONAV) in the ONAV counter, and set the NAV using the Duration/ID field specified in the QoS (+)CF-Poll frame. –At TBTT when a CFP is scheduled to start, if an ESTA has non-zero NAV, the ESTA shall save the value of max(NAV, ONAV) in the ONAV counter, and set the NAV to dot11CFPMaxDuration

21 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 21 Setting ONAV (II) During CFB/CFP –Upon reception of a valid frame, which has been determined to come from an OBSS, the ESTA shall update their ONAV using the Duration/ID field, but only when the new ONAV value is greater than the current ONAV. When an ESTA updates its ONAV, that ESTA also saves the MAC address from the BSSID field if it is present in the frame. –For a frame reception, either NAV or ONAV (not both) may be updated.

22 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 22 Frames from OBSS? Can check via BSSID in frames Problem: RTS, CTS and ACK frames dont carry BSSID We need a rule to detect where the frame is coming from (see next)

23 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 23 Frames from OBSS? (II) TXsrc: Tx Source address –TXsrc = MAC address of HC by default –TXsrc = DA of a QoS (+)CF-Poll received –TXsrc reverts to HC address when NAV becomes 0 For each frame without BSSID field –If RTS: compare the SA of the RTS with TXsrc –If CTS or ACK: compare the DA of the CTS or ACK with TXsrc If SA RTS or DA CTS,ACK = TXsrc The frame is coming from the own QBSS

24 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 24 Resetting ONAV Upon reception of one of the following frames that arrived from the OBSS that last updates the ONAV: –QoS CF-Poll addressed to the HC with a Duration/ID field equal to 0 –QoS Data(+) frame with the NF bit equal to 0 or –CF-END (If the ONAV was last updated with an RTS, CTS or ACK frame, the ESTA does not know which OBSS last updated the ONAV. In this case, the ESTA shall reset the ONAV when it receives one of the frames listed above that has arrived from any alien BSS, irrespective of the value of the BSSID)

25 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 25 Adjusting ONAV ESTA that uses the Dur/ID field from an RTS frame to update its ONAV may save the previous value of ONAV. If no PHY- RXSTART.indication is detected from the PHY during a period with a duration of (2 x aSIFSTime) + (CTS_Time) + (2 x aSlotTime) starting at the PHY-RXEND.indication corresponding to the detection of the RTS frame, the ESTA may set the ONAV with the following value: max [0, old ONAV value – ((2 x aSIFSTime) + (CTS_Time) + (2 x aSlotTime))]

26 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 26 Limitations of the ONAV More than one overlapping BSS –ONAV can only track the OBSSs if the BSSID is received in the frame that updates it. –If ONAV updated and saved BSSID, reset ONAV when a CF-Poll with the Dur/ID equal to 0, Data with NF=0 or CF-END is received from the OBSS –IF ONAV updated with RTS,CTS or ACK, reset ONAV whenever a CF-Poll with the Dur/ID field equal to 0, Data with NF=0 or CF-END is received from any OBSS

27 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 27 Transmission Rules Using NAV and ONAV Operation rules using NAV and ONAV Solving the NAV limitations

28 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 28 Using NAV and ONAV Conditions: –Operation under HCF (ONAV not updated during non-CFB Contention Period) –All the ESTAs can hear from the HC NAV updated ONLY with frames coming from its BSS ONAV updated with frames coming from an OBSS Contention allowed only when both counters are 0

29 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 29 Rules using NAV and ONAV In the non-CFB Contention Period –An ESTA can contend for the medium and respond to RTS only if both NAV and ONAV are zero –If ESTA receives QoS (+)CF-Poll frame, only respond with QoS Data(+) to the Poll if NAV and ONAV are zero. –However, always generate QoS CF-ACK frame upon successful reception of a frame that requires acknowledgement irrespective of NAV/ONAV values

30 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 30 Rules using NAV and ONAV (II) In the CFB/CFP –Respond to QoS (+)CF-Poll and RTS from the TxOP holder only when the ONAV is zero –Always generate QoS CF-ACK frame upon successful reception of a frame that requires acknowledgement

31 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 31 Solving the RTS/CTS problem CFP in BSS 1 TBTT signaling a CFP in BSS 1 B U 1 + ACK ESTA 1,2 Reception Transmission D 1 + Poll AP 1 STA 2,1 RTS NAV ESTA 1,2 RTS duration Revert ONAV 2 x SIFS + CTS_Time + 2 x Slot ONAV ESTA 1,2

32 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 32 Solving the CF-END problem CFP in BSS 1 TBTT signaling a CFP in BSS 1 B ESTA 1,2 Reception Transmission ESTA 1,2 AP 1 Poll OBSS CF-END NAV ESTA 1,2 ESTA RESET ONAV AP 1 CF-END LEGACY RESET NAV ESTA 1,1 AP 1 Poll PIFS (ONAV was set previously in the CP) ONAV ESTA 1,2

33 doc.: IEEE /272a Submission June 2001 S. Choi, Philips Research Slide 33 Moreover... ONAV can be a good solution for avoiding unnecessary collisions with OBSSs –It protects my QBSS from OBSSs –When ESTAs in OBSSs use ONAV, my QBSS is protected –To be fair to OBSSs, my ESTAs should use ONAV as well And provides fairness to the OBSSs –Enables fair bandwidth share among OBSSs


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