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Enabling Access By Permission Standards for rights expression within the ONIX family Brian Green.

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Presentation on theme: "Enabling Access By Permission Standards for rights expression within the ONIX family Brian Green."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enabling Access By Permission Standards for rights expression within the ONIX family Brian Green

2 International umbrella body for book industry standards development - members in 20 countries Members include book trade standards bodies, trade associations, publishers, booksellers, libraries subscription agents, systems vendors etc. Develops and maintains open standards for : product information (ONIX), EDI, RFID, Rights expression etc. Strong collaboration with national and international standards bodies Manages International ISBN Agency EDItEUR

3 What is ONIX? A family of formats for communicating rich metadata about books, serials and other published media, using common data elements Structured dictionary, code lists, XML Schemas, DTDs and user documentation Developed and maintained by EDItEUR through a growing number of partnerships with other organisations Extensible, mappable, interoperable ONIX for Books, Serials, Licensing Terms

4 A sub-family of XML document schemas Sharing an underlying data model for permissions and prohibitions Using common data elements and composites With application-specific dictionaries of controlled values Applicable to many types of licensor and licensee, many types of licensed content, and many types of usage ONIX for Licensing Terms (OLT)

5 ONIX for Publications Licenses (ONIX-PL): expressing the licenses agreed between publishers, hosting services, libraries and consortia ONIX formats for IFRRO (International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations): expressing the rights delegated from publishers and authors to an RRO, and communicating between RROs Also being used as one form of expression for the Automated Content Access Protocol (ACAP) project to express usage permissions for web content in a form that can be interpreted by search engine crawlers and others OLT: current projects

6 Licensing terms - the problem Growth of digital collections in libraries Need to automate electronic resource management Variation in license terms What are library users permitted to do? Under what conditions? Which classes of users are permitted to do what? What exceptions are there to what they are permitted to do? Licenses are, typically, negotiated then filed away How can libraries and users know what rights have been negotiated and avoid saying no just in case?

7 What libraries said they wanted Expression of rights all usage rights expressed in machine readable form Dissemination of rights information ensuring that whenever a resource is described its associated rights can also be described Exposure of rights user sees the rights information associated with a resource Intrallect report for JISC

8 The solution: ONIX-PL A standard mechanism for the communication of unambiguous licensing information within the library supply chain Publishers, intermediaries, libraries Compatible with other metadata standards XML, ONIX Expresses complete Publisher/Library license Including definitions, usage terms, supply terms etc. For import into library Electronic Resource Management (ERM) System

9 Not a Technical Protection Measure Other standards (XrML / ODRL) are designed to control rights enforcement technologies (i.e. technical protection) They dont have the flexibility we need Libraries and publishers prefer to rely on compliance to licences Our focus is entirely on the communication of usage terms (rights metadata), not technical protection Library policies can over-ride message (e.g. fair use)

10 Helps libraries comply with licensing terms Precise clarification of usage conditions, prohibitions and conditions Reinforces trust-based relationships between publishers and their library customers Libraries and consortia will expect to receive ir Facilitates publishers management of licences Libraries arent the only ones with electronic resource management problems Enables a knowledge base of licence agreements Benefits for publishers

11 Most publishers and libraries cannot be expected to draft XML versions of their licences without tools JISC (UK Higher Education Funding Council) funded specification of a drafting tool to enable publishers to produce ONIX-PL expressions of their licenses, with input from publishers: Wiley, CUP, OUP, RSM, RSC, Rockefeller UP JISC and PLS (Publishers Licensing Society) co- funded development of early version of OPLE Version for general use available June 2008 Will be open source – freely available to all ONIX-PL Editing Tools (OPLE)

12 JISC Collections: first OPLE user JISC Collections identified a priority requirement by UK academic libraries for all its existing licenses with publishers (around 80) to be available in machine-readable form They require full representation of the licence with all clauses and usage rights expressed JISC are using ONIX-PL and the prototype OPLE editing tools to do this



15 Next steps U.S. ONIX-PL pilot Consortium (SCELC) Publishers (including Springer, OUP, Nature, Elsevier and others to be confirmed) Systems vendor (Serials Solutions) Further European pilots Working with other publishers, libraries and consortia to extend dictionary of terms (never-ending task) Fully tested ONIX Version 1.0 and updated OPLE tools by summer 2008

16 ACAP Goal: to define ways in which publishers can communicate policies for access and use of online content to search engines and other aggregators and business users Leadership and funding: World Association of Newspapers European Publishing Council International Publishers Association

17 Technical Framework… a toolkit for communicating content access and usage policies built upon existing standards and technologies tested in real use cases initial use cases in news, journal and book publishing

18 ACAP Version 1.0 Extensions to Robots Exclusion Protocol robots.txt Reaches parts that robots.txt fails to reach, e.g.: Both granting permissions and prohibitions Support for time-based inclusion or exclusion Dictionary of common terminology for content access and use by search engines Conversion tool for robots.txt converts existing robots.txt files to ACAP available online on the ACAP website

19 Next steps Development of ACAP XML format already drafted will be tested in syndication use cases NewsML / NITF RSS? Specify formats for embedding ACAP policies in non- text resources including PDF, images, audio, video,…

20 What can OLT and ACAP do for you? For communicating licenses for use of online content to institutional subscribers: ONIX-PL For communicating policies for use of online content to search engines: ACAP Version 1.0 available now (uses OLT semantics) For communicating usage rights to customers for syndicated content: ACAP XML format Based on ONIX for Licensing Terms, available 2008

21 DOI, ONIX and ACAP ONIX and IDF share the same view of metadata, based on indecs, so DOI-applications can be easily used in ONIX EDItEUR and IDF and agree that data dictionary work should be shared across our communities and have further developed the original indecs project in which both participated. IDF is a member of ACAP, participates in its technical working group, and is working actively with ACAP on future extensions of the current ACAP project to include redirection mechanisms

22 EDItEUR: ONIX for Licensing Terms ACAP Brian Green

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