2 DigestionDigestive system is where food is broken down into its individual nutrients. The important nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream and the waste excreted. It works both through mechanical and chemical digestion.
4 The technical term for the mouth is the Buccal Cavity where the journey for food begins. The teeth and jaw produce mechanical digestion through mashing and grinding of food. Saliva contains a digestive enzyme called amylase which starts the breakdown of carbs. The tongue helps to mix food and aid swallowing
5 oesophagusWhen food is swallowed it enters the oesophagus, which delivers the food to the stomach through the process of peristalsis (contraction) and gravity. The enzyme amylase continues to break down carbohydrates
6 Takes 1-4 hours to empty completely depending on the size of the meal StomachFound in the upper left abdominal cavity and is behind the lower ribs. It continues the process of chemical digestion but no absorption of nutrients occurs in the stomach as the pieces are too large. It is made up of three layers of smooth muscle which mixes up the food. Hydrochloric acid helps dissolve the food and kill off any bacteria. Pepsinogen releases here to breakdown ProteinTakes 1-4 hours to empty completely depending on the size of the meal
7 Small Intestine90% of digestion takes place here with the help of the pancreas, liver and gall bladder. It is between 3-6m long and is made up of three areas;Duodenum- 25cmJejunum next 2maround 3-4mPartly digested food moves through the small intestine partly from gravity but mainly peristalsis (contraction). The walls of the intestines absorb all required nutrients and pass waste into the large intestine.
8 PancreasFood doesn’t pass through here but the pancreas releases over 1.5 litres of fluid to aid in digestion. The fluid contains vital enzymes to break down food. Amylase to breakdown carbs, lipase for fats and trypsin for proteins.
9 LiverReleases bile to assist the digestion of fats. Food doesn’t pass through here.
10 Large IntestineLarge intestine (Colon) carries out the following actions;Storage of waste before you excrete itAbsorption of any remaining waterProduction of vit B and KBreakdown of any toxins that may damage the colon further down
11 AnusExcess waste products become hard and concentrated Faeces . The faeces is stored in the rectum for a certain period and then the stored faeces is eliminated from the body due to the contraction and relaxation through the Anus. The exit of this waste material is regulated by the Anal sphincter